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Global Health

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EM Schwienhorst

on 24 July 2016

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Transcript of Global Health

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
Global Health
What do we know?
What does it mean?
What are the topics?
Focuses on another country, other than own
Level of Cooperation
Requires bi-national cooperation
Equity (Access to health)
Help people in other countries
Range of Disciplines
Individuals or populations
Differences between global/international/public health (Koplan et al., Lancet 2009)
Public Health
International Health
Global Health
Focus on particular community or country
Major objective in own country
Does not usually require global cooperation
Major objective is health equity for all countries
Can transcend borders
Often requires global cooperation
Which country in each 5 pairs has the highest child mortality?
Sri Lanka - Turkey

Poland - South Korea

Malaysia - Russia

Pakistan - Vietnam

Thailand - South Africa ?
Number of correct answers, 5 maximum:
Medical students: 1,8 +- 0,4
Chimpanzee: 2,5
Professors: 2,4 +- 0,4
Organisations WITHIN the UN system
(World Health Organisation [WHO], United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund [UNICEF])
Organisations OUTSIDE the UN system
(Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis & Malaria [GFATM], Global Alliance for Vaccination & Immunisation [GAVI])

(United States Agency for International Development [USAID], Department for International Development [DFID], Gesellschaft für internationale Zusammenarbeit [GIZ]

Solidarity, Faith-based, Rights-based, Humanitarian
(Peoples Health Movement [PHM], International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War [IPPNW], Medecins Sans Frontieres [MSF], Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation [GMGF])
Global Health Governance
Urbanisierung der Weltbevölkerung
Soziale Determinanten von Gesundheit
Abschlussbericht der WHO Commission on Social Determinants of Health: Closing the Gap in a Generation - Health Equity through Action on the Social Determinants of Health, September 2008 http://www.who.int/social_determinants/final_report/en/index.html
"(The) toxic combination of bad policies, economics, and politics is, in large measure responsible for the fact that a majority of people in the world do not enjoy the good health that is biologically possible.
Social injustice is killing people on a grand scale. "
Global Health is an area for study, research, and practice, that places priority on improving health and achieving equity in health for all people worldwide.
Global Health emphasises transnational health issues, determinants, and solutions;
involves many disciplines within and beyond the health sciences and promotes interdisciplinary collaboration;
and is a synthesis of population-based prevention with individual-level clinical care
Koplan et al. 2008
Consortium of Universities for Global Health
"Wer kann sich darüber wundern, dass die Demokratie und der Socialismus nirgend mehr Anhänger fand, als unter den Aerzten? dass überall auf der äussersten Linken, zum Theil an der Spitze der Bewegung, Aerzte stehen?
die Medicin ist eine sociale Wissenschaft, und die Politik ist weiter nichts, als Medicin im Grossen.„
(Der Armenarzt. Aus: Die medicinische Reform. Nr. 18, 3.11.1848. S. 125)
Arzt an der Charité, Archäologe und Politiker
Gründer der modernen Pathologie
Rudolf Virchow
Full transcript