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Architectural Differences between Old and New Buildings in Pakistan

This presentation is related to the iEARN Learning Circles Project Places and Perspectives. Special Thanks to our project facilitator and teacher Miss Muneeza Akhtar for her help and support.

Ms. Akhtar

on 26 December 2014

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Transcript of Architectural Differences between Old and New Buildings in Pakistan

Architectural Differences between Old and New Buildings in Pakistan
Material used in Mughal Buildings
Few Old Victorian Style Buildings in Pakistan
Features of Old Victorian Style Buildings
In modern Pakistan, the traditions of architecture in Pakistan have been changing.

The dome, minaret, the arch, the intricate mirror work and the extravagant use of ornaments which were features of the Mughal style, have now gone out of fashion.

Changing patterns of economy, industrialization and increase in population have contributed a great deal in revolutionizing the entire basis of architectural forms.

Due to changing lifestyles and trends, there has been an ever increasing tendency to adopt Western, Arabic, Italian and American forms of architecture. However nowadays in Pakistan domes and other Mughal features of the buildings are restricted to mosques only.

There is no comparison between the classical Mughal architecture, Victorian Style buildings and that of modern structures. Mughal and Victorian Style architecture is still part of our historical culture and heritage but with the changing world architects in Pakistan are constructing buildings keeping in view our by combining the old and new ways.

Made by: Izza Ahmed and Fariha Shahid

Old Mughal Buildings Exterier Structure
Bulbous dome
Domes sit on top of a cylindrical drum, before tapering to a point and decorated with a finial.
Sometimes multiple smaller domes decorate the rooftops of the buildings.
minarets are attached to buildings.
cylindrical construction with internal staircases and balconies leading to the conical roof.
All buildings are symmetrical creating a mirror-like effect.

Mughal Buildings Interior Structure
was used around the gate of the Iwan, as well as under cornices and around the arches surrounding the building.
National College of Arts
Punjab University
Aitchison College
Pakistani architecture refers to the various structures built during different time periods.
Mostly there are two types of old buildings in Pakistan
Victorian Style Buildings:
When British conquered Sub Continent they made these buildings

during the period
1857 -1947

keeping in mind the climate conditions.
Mughal Buildings
made by Mughal Emperors during the period of
1504 to 1857
Scalloped Arch
Tudor Arch
Decoration was presented in several ways
on the buildings through :
Vegetative Motifs
Red sandstone
White Marble
Baked Brick
Stone carving
carved stones, usually of marble, are sometimes inlaid with semi-precious stones. Arabesques or Geometrical designs are carved directly into the rock.
Jali screens create a private space while producing patterns of light.
Installed on outer walls, they were ideal for cutting down glare while allowing air to circulate.
During the day, the reflection of the patterns would move across the floor creating a patterned, visual delight
Sheesh Mahal in Lahore Fort
Cut Work
Jharokhas/ Window
overhanging - enclosed or semi enclosed
projecting window from the wall, in an upper storey, overlooking a street, market, court or any other open space.
mainly used in Palaces
Chajja: platform as a roof with different tiers and detaild caving. some times they can be arched depending on the shape of the balcony.
Decorative columns to support the overhanging with motifs carved out
Railing with decorative floral pattern and animal symbols.
Brackets to support with carves designs and playing of mass
Govt College Lahore
Queen Mary College
During the ruling period
of British Empire they
merged many features of Victorian style buildings with Mughal buildings i.e. they added:

Features of New buildings in Pakistan

Concrete buildings
Multi-storied ( 4 or 5 )
low roofs ( because nowadays people use heaters and air conditioner to maintain the temperature)
fix glass windows (double glazed)
thin walls ( to save space)
single door room
no courtyards front/back lawn
influenced by international architectural designs i.e. such as Arabic, Italian, Egyptian and Western.

Faisal Mosque
Quaid Azam mausoleum
Buildings in Pakistan
Siddique Trade Center
Book: Islam Art and Architecture, by Markus Hattstein, Peter Delius

Special Thanks to our teacher Ms. Muneeza Akhtar
Pearl Continental Lahore
Centaurus Mall Islamabad
Pace Lahore
Beaconhouse School System
Canal Side Campus Girls Branch Middle School

iEARN Learning Circles Project Places and Perspective
Buildings built by Mughal Emperors
Lahore Fort
Alamgiri Gate of Lahore Fort (Shahi Qila)
Diwan-e-Aam (Hall of Public Audience)
Diwan-e-Khas (Hall of Special Audience)
Khwabgah (Sleeping Chamber)
Interior of Moti Masjid (Pearl Mosque) of Lahore Fort
Khilwat Khan (Place of isolation)
Shish Mahal (Palace of Mirrors)
Bangla Naulakha (Nine hundred thousand Pavilion)

The name is after the cost of rupees nine lacs (nine hundred thousand), spent for its construction.
Shalimar Garden
South wall pavilion on first level
Inside Shalimar Gardens
The middle level terrace of the garden, known as the Faiz Bakhsh terrace.
A Mughal style structure inside the gardens
Badshahi Mosque
Jahangir’s Tomb and compound
Grave of Mughal Emperor Jahangir
Gate to the mausoleum
Video related to the Mughal buildings
Full transcript