Send the link below via email or IMCopy
Present to your audienceStart remote presentation
- Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
- People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
- This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
- A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
- Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article
Do you really want to delete this prezi?
Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.
Make your likes visible on Facebook?
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.
Creating the US Government
Transcript of Creating the US Government
Articles of Confederation
Confederation--an association. This document called for a "firm league of
" among states
Under the articles, the Congress had few
People were afraid to develop another strong
Each state was given
9 were needed to pass a law
States’ Rights-- is a
used to describe the ongoing struggle over political power in the United States between the federal government and individual
would need approval of all states
Creating the Constitution
The United States Constitution
Even with disagreement continuing, the Constitution was
One More Step:
At this point, there are 2 different groups of people...
--happy with the Constitution the way it was
Anti-Federalists--wanted a bill of
before they would adopt the Constitution
The Declaration of Independence:
Originally discussed in the
Was agreed upon in the
Declared the US
from Great Britain
Thomas Jefferson was the author
John Hancock was the first to
--dead center and very large!
Prior Documents Declaring Independence:
Albany Plan of Union (created in Albany, NY
Mecklenburg Resolves (created in Mecklenburg County,
Resolves (created in Halifax County, NC)
Amendment--a change for the better
Articles--a particular section in a written document
The Articles of Confederation:
Set up a system of government where power was divided between the
and national governments but with most power to states
Each state, regardless of population or size, had
vote in Congress
Congress had the power to declare war, provide mail service, enter into treaties, and make money
States alone could
Americans and control
Weaknesses of the AOC
the power to tax, the Federal Government had a hard time paying back the Revolutionary War
Without the power to control
, the FG couldn't settle trade disputes between states
provided little travel so people saw themselves as Virginians or North Carolinians instead of Americans
The Federal Government didn't have their own
or navy so they had to rely on individual states in case of emergency--See Shay's Rebellion notes :)
Each state printed their own
so the values differed from state to state
Paper money (Continental currency) that was printed was not backed by gold nor silver and therefore
Northwest Ordinance of 1787: Congress had the right to govern territorial
. Guidelines were set to become a state.
People like George Washington realized something must be done in order to hold the
and statesmen who participated in the American Revolution by signing the United States Declaration of
, taking part in the American Revolutionary War, and establishing the United States
The Constitutional Convention: May 1787 representatives from all the states except RI met in Philadelphia to discuss the
of the AOC.
George Washington was elected the
of the Convention
Ben Franklin (who was 81 years old) was the
James Madison kept a journal of the proceedings and is known as the "
of the Constitution"
Alexander Hamilton was very influential due to his powerful support of a federal government
John Adams and Thomas Jefferson were both serving as foreign ministers and didn't attend the
Suffrage--the right to
Representation--this was a big conflict between
and big states.
2 plans were put into play, but not everyone was
with either one
•Virginia Plan—wanted a strong national government instead of just revising the Articles of Confederation.
•Wanted a bicameral (2 house legislature) system.
•Wanted a chief executive and a court system
•Votes correspond with population of each state
•New Jersey Plan—people unhappy with the Virginia Plan came up with this one
•Wanted to keep the one house legislature (cameral)
•One vote for each state
•Congress could elect a weak executive
What Was Debated?
Presidential Election--decided the president should be elected for by electors (representatives of the
of a state)
but didn't want to pay taxes on them, North didn't want slaves but wanted them taxed.
Decided that slaves would be counted as
for both population and taxes
Trade--Congress got the right to regulate trade, but it could not limit the slave trade for
years, nor would there be any export tax
Compromise: An agreement where all sides meet somewhere in between their original liking
Ratification--to make official by signing or voting for something
It is based on the concept of
--principle that authority of the government is created and sustained by the will of the people...…sovereignty means supreme power or authority, put the word popular in it, and simply put it means the
control what happens in government. We do this by
The US Constitution is made up of:
--explaining what the Constitution is for
Articles--sections that describe how our government will be
are called the Bill of Rights
Amendments were added so that the Constitution could stay up with the times
--a system that divides the power between the federal, state, and local governments
Set up 3 branches of government
Enforces laws, in charge of the
Legislative--Congress--House of Representatives and the Senate
Judicial--Federal Court System
Judicial Review--the power of a court to
a law for constitutionality and strike down that law if it believes the law to be unconstitutional. . In other words, the Supreme Court can overturn a lower court’s ruling.
or a series of meetings for political purposes
The legislative branch of our government (makes laws)
Some folks weren't happy with the Constitution the way it was written.
Why are checks and balances important in government?
Why didn't the AOC work for the United States?
Written by John Jay, James Madison, and Alexander Hamilton
Promoting the ratification of the US Constitution before a bill of rights was added to it
The Bill of Rights!
The Anti-Federalists won the battle!
A bill of rights is added to the Constitution in order to
our basic rights as humans
The Bill of Rights is the first
amendments of our Constitution
George Washington is elected our first President because he had been such a
want to be president, but he took the position anyhow
He was careful to be a good leader and to not abuse his power and make the Anti-Federalists angry
Our First President
Gave the president the power to
--turn down a decision of Congress
Put in a system of
checks and balances
--the balancing of power and having one branch of government
on the other
The US was now a
--a government that is not ruled by a
The Great Compromise--Congress has
houses: the Senate and the House of Representatives
House representatives are based on
of the state
Senate has equal representatives from each state (
Our First Secretary of Treasury
•Under George Washington
•Creator of the First
•A safe place people could keep their money
—feeling of superiority
and political independence