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The Cold War

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Joshua Almes

on 7 July 2015

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Transcript of The Cold War

End of WWII
1. Manhattan Project - American plans to build and test atomic bombs

The Threat of Nukes
Causes of the Cold War
The Soviets Wanted:
Korean War (Proxy 4)
The Cold War
The Plan

Week 1 - Nukes
Week 2 - 50s
Week 3 - 60s
Week 4 - 70s/80s/90s
Week 5 - Essay
1945-Today?
2. Hiroshima and Nagasaki
President after FDR
Cold War
-a state of political hostility between countries characterized by threats, propaganda, and other measures short of open warfare, in particular.
1. Repayment for the loss of Soviet lives in WWII.

2. Western territory to serve as a "buffer" from Europe.

3. The idea that the US promised the USSR parts of Japan and China if they would help invaded.
The US Wanted:

1.
1. To remain the only atomic
power in the world.

2. To spread democracy in Europe.

3. To eliminate communism.
Soviets get the Bomb

1. Spies
2. Tsar Bomba
http://nuclearsecrecy.com/nukemap/
Mutually Assured Destruction
The Rosenberg Trial
McCarthyism
Senator Joseph McCarthy
accuses communists
Proxy War
a war started by a major power that does not itself become involved.
Proxy War Rules:

1. US supports democratic
leader/dictator.

2. USSR supports communist
leader/dictator.

3. Civil war in proxy country (Korea, Vietnam, Afghanistan)

4. US/USSR enters proxy country to fight, other country
supplies arms and money.
McCarthy (R-Wisconsin) claims he
has a list of 205 communists in the
state department.
http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/mccarthy-telegram/
38th Parallel
- divides the Koreas
DMZ
- where the Koreas negotiate
1. Who was fighting?
2. What is to blame?
3. How did America do?
General Macarthur

1. Popular WWII hero

2. Led the assault (Inchon)
on South Korea

3. Fired by Truman - wanted
to invade China
Proxy War 3: China
Cheng Kai Shek
Mao
Containment
Strategy: Surround communist countries
with democratic nations --- let them fall apart
Truman Doctrine - US $ to help Greece and Turkey
fight against communism (Proxy Wars #1 + #2)
Victory!
Interstate Act (1954)

- evacuate towns from
nuclear weapons
- Interstate System
- U2 Spy Plane Incident
http://www.milesurfer.com/highway_trivia/highway_trivia_1.htm
Nikita Khrushchev - 1956
- takes over after Stalin

- believes communism will
overtake capitalism

- ends gulag system
Hungarian Uprising

(Proxy War 5)


- Civil war in Hungary

- Soviets invade quickly

- Ike keeps the US out

- Buffer zone loses hope in American help
BONUS PROXY WAR (#6) - Space
Sputnik
- world's first
man-made
satellite
- fear that Soviets
were winning Cold War
Results:

1. Math and Science -
based education system

2. NASA
U2 SPY PLANE INCIDENT
- USSR captures unauthorized spy plane
- US denies spying
Space Race Firsts
USSR - satellite, dog, 19 more dogs,
man, woman, deaths, space station,
spacewalk, woman spacewalk, year in space.

USA - monkey, 211 more monkeys man on moon, space rescue, mars probe, 2nd first woman, civilian death in space, old person, civilian billionaire.

Ike's Fairwell Address

Military Industrial Complex
Election of 1960
Nixon
JFK
vs.
1. First TV election
2. JFK accused of
being controlled by pope
3. Three public debates:
- Radio winner --- Nixon
- TV winner --- JFK
PROXY WAR 7 - Bay of Pigs (Cuba
1. CIA trained Cuban
exiles/immigrants to kill
communist leader Fidel Castro
2. 1500 Cuban exiles invaded,14 came back to the US. JFK apologized for the failure.
3. Cuba and USSR now strongly
allied.
http://teachingamericanhistory.org/static/neh/interactives/cubanmissilecrisis/
Crisis in Summary

1. USSR builds nukes in Cuba.
2. US blockades Cuba.
3. USSR almost crosses blockade line.
4. Agreements are made for US to disarm
its nukes in Turkey and USSR disarms Cuba.
Proxy War 8 --- VIETNAM!

1. France owns Vietnam after
WWII... until a revolution frees
the country.
2. Vietnamese were about to stage their first election ever.
Ho Chi Minh
- communist
vs.
Ngo Diem
- not a communist
But then...

3. US placed Diem into power.

4. Diem persecuted Buddhists.
-monks protest against US
5. US trains Vietnamese to overthrow
Ngo.

6. JFK assasinated - VP LBJ takes over.

Domino Theory - if one goes, they all go
- LBJ reports that US gunships have been
attacked by Vietcong communists "unprovoked" (they totally were)
Vietcong

- communists who
saw the US as invaders

- incredibly tough and
resourceful
Doves

- don't support war
- accuse gov't of
benefiting from war
Hawks

- feel that military support
is patriotic
- fear the spread of communism
- Open door policy with
China

- Watergate scandal
"Vietnamization"

1. Nixon pulls 60,000
troops out in 1975.

2. Saigon falls to
communists that year.
USA! USA!
SARCASM
Problems in the 70s

1. Watergate
2. Alternative Energy
3. Oil Crisis
Three Mile Island
1. Nuclear Coolant leaked
2. 20 mile evacuation
3. Fall of alternative energy
4. 0 casualties - cancer links
unproven
1. Gas supply was withdrawn from buyers
2. Seven states only permitted gas purchase
on certain days.
3. President Carter urges US to use alternative
fuels.
Ronald Reagan - 1981-1989

- "Evil Empire"
speech/ "...tear down this wall..."

- Iran Contra Scandal

Problems in Vietnam:

1. Agent Orange
2. Civilian Casualties
3. Lack of trust in government


Iran Contra Scandal
- Reagan admin. sells
weapons in exchange
for the release of
hostages in Iran.

Fall of the Berlin Wall
- Hungary, Austria,
and the Czech Republic
allow East Germans into
West Germany

- East German government
gives up as millions flock to
democratic West
Exxon Valdez (1989) and Deepwater Horizon (2010)
- Large oil spills in American history
Gorbachev
Fall of the USSR
1. Iron Curtain protests communism.
2. Soviet military refuses to side with
Russian communists.
3. Economic depression in USSR.

11 deaths!
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2010/05/01/us/20100501-oil-spill-tracker.html
http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_move_impc_s1_a.htm
Learn Your
P
r
e
s
i
d
e
n
t
s
!
TRUMAN (1945-53)
- Hiroshima, Nagasaki
- Korean War
JFK

1961-63

- Assassinated
- Cuban Missile Crisis
- Vietnam
- Civil Rights Act (1964)
Gerald Ford

1974-75

- Pardoned Nixon
Brain Blast!

Do you remember your Presidents starting
with Wilson?
Full transcript