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Japanese language history
Transcript of Japanese language history
They didn't have any
Stamp presented by Chinese king to Japanese king in 1st century
Chinese came to Japan
Learning from China
Japanese people have begun to go China or welcomed Chinese people in japan in order to learn Chinese literature and culture.
AD 607, Japanese wrote Chinese letter but in Japanese grammar order
Chinese: S V O
Japanese: S O P
Write Japanese word in Chinese
Read Chinese character in also Japanese way!
Read sentence with chinese characters in Japanese way.
Japanese biographies and poems (AD 7 century-)
Heian era 795-1192
women were interested in new thing!
Simplification of Chinese characters
efficient and easy to write
Kamakura era 1192-1333
=The guy who came from Nagano, which is rural area, had terrible dialect. His speaking was terrible and not understandable.
Chinese came to Japan!
How Japanese people used
samurai tried to
manage whole Japan
Arsitocrat made a fool out of rural people's dialect.
Samurai guys admired strong and cool expression
(fire) ひのこと →
(rustic, rude) こちなし →
Muromachi era 1336-
You can hear their way to talk in Kyogen!
kyogen is the traditional Japanese comic theater.
Samurai went to
Kyoto to learn
manner and language
They needed to get permission from Japanese emperor to get power.
Elegance was key for samurai
the age of Civil Wars 1493-1590
However, still it was very tough to remove their strong dialect or accent.
it was very important to speak elegant capital language to have power.
Edo era 1603-1868
Dialect developed and became stronger
+ people were able to live without interaction with other prefecture or capital
+ Each prefecture leader managed own are
Ieyasu devided prefectures and controled people moving between area putting a barrier station.
1 million citizen were in Edo (now Tokyo)
were used in private elementary school called 'tera koya'
All Edo people spoke Edo dialect. How?
Meizi era 1868–1912
Combination of Japanese and Western style.
American forced to open Japanese port.
Japan wanted to establish strong organization against western countries.
too strong dialect!
Japanese people cannot understand each other.
Revolution in education!
+ Going to school was
+ Made the
based on elegant Yamanote dialect (Tokyo people who were more than middle class used)
Japanese literary scholar made desperately coinages.
「聴診器」 a stethoscope
「交響曲」 a symphony
「卓球」 table tennis
speak mixing japanese and western language!
Why Japan could success in modernization?
western ideas and technologies
Those Japlish (English word coined in Japan) were imported in China.
国 Chinese country name use Japalish.
Japanese have continued to create coinage such as
western style cloths? carriage?
House seems western too.
言文一致運動 genbunicchi movement
In interaction between western culture, Japanese notice that western people were speaking in same way in written language.
watachi ha hude wo motte imasu
ware hude wo mochi tari
Improvement of education structure
Taishou era 1912-1926
Spoken Japanese language was classiacal Chinese way.
Radio people considered to speak more
familiar and soft way
BC 4th century
the 8th century
the 14th century
the 20th century
the 19th century
the 17th century
people use Japanese
most used language in Internet
★current Japanese formed only around
100 years ago
「君待跡 吾戀居者 我屋戸乃 簾令動 秋之風吹」
「君待つと わが恋ひをれば わが屋戸の