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Conformity and Obedience
Transcript of Conformity and Obedience
People in position of authority have an extraordinary/underestimated power to elict obedience; must be ligit and nearby Remoteness of the Victim:
The closer the authoritative figure is, the more obedient the person will be, and visa versa. The farther a "victim" is, easier the person will obey. Assignment of Responsibility:
When we are responsible for the harm of someone else, obedience is dramatically decreased. Modeling/Immitation:
Seeing others obey or rebel has an impact on our own obedience. Adjusting one's behavior or thinking to match those of other people or a group standard 3 Factors That Influence Conformity Informational Social:
Behavior of others provides convincing
info, conform because of a need for
information and direction Normative Social:
Based on internal or external
pressures to act according to
social norms Reference Groups:
People whose attitudes, bahavior, beliefs, opinions, and values change because we like or admire another Solomon Asch Experiment
(Pennsylvania) Group of students asked to participate in a "vision test", taken place in a classroom. Only one participant who wasn't behind the experiment. The others were intentionally giving the wrong asnwers to see if the one participant would conform. Only one confederate = no influence
2 confederates = small influence
3 or more confederates = stable conform Stanley Milgram Experiment
1961 The participant is the teacher. The teacher asks questions, and if the student or learner answers incorrectly the teacher administers a "shock". The student and teacher are in
different rooms, communicating
by a microphone/intercom. Neither
teacher or student can see each
other. Results found that men and women of all ages administered highest level of shock even though psychologists originally predicted that only the "disturbed and sadistic" would go all the way. Abu Ghraib
Iraq Prison 2004 Breaking chemical lights and pouring the phosphoric liquid on detainees; pouring cold water on naked detainees; beating detainees with a broom handle and a chair; threatening male detainees with rape; allowing a military police guard to stitch the wound of a detainee who was injured after being slammed against the wall in his cell; sodomizing a detainee with a chemical light and perhaps a broom stick, and using military working dogs to frighten and intimidate detainees with threats of attack, and in one instance actually biting a detainee.
Read more http://www.newyorker.com/archive/2004/05/10/040510fa_fact#ixzz1JvGsJUPb Breaking chemical lights and pouring the phosphoric liquid on detainees; pouring cold water on naked detainees; beating detainees with a broom handle and a chair; threatening male detainees with rape; allowing a military police guard to stitch the wound of a detainee who was injured after being slammed against the wall in his cell; sodomizing a detainee with a chemical light and perhaps a broom stick, and using military working dogs to frighten and intimidate detainees with threats of attack, and in one instance actually biting a detainee.
Read more http://www.newyorker.com/archive/2004/05/10/040510fa_fact#ixzz1JvGsJUPb " " New York Times: May 10, 2004 Prisoners were sexually abused, tortured, raped, and homocidal -17 soldiers removed from prison
-11 soldiers charged for dereliction of
duty, maltreatment, aggrivated assault,
and battery Conformity: soldiers and officers influenced
by other soldiers and officers, and they began
to participate in the abuse Obedience: prisoners followed commands of
soldiers and officers, who have the authority over prisoners "Norms" Behaviors within a society or
group; appropriate values,
beliefs, attitudes, behaviors In Japan... Loyalty and obedience to elders, family, and leaders Racism: marriage to foreigners or minority groups is discouraged
- Children of "mixed blood" are treated as social inferiors
-Japan is one of the worlds most homogeneous modern nations Men are superior to women Marriage:
"Love Marriage"- attraction between
"Arranged Marriage"- traditional, family
has control over choice of spouse