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Inventions Timeline

A timeline of important inventions in each of the main eras of human history, as well as some general info on each of them. Music is the main theme of "E.T: the Extra-Terrestrial", composed by the legendary John Williams.
by

Daniel Ho

on 6 November 2013

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Transcript of Inventions Timeline

Inventions Timeline
Inventions, like people, were very primitive and basic at this time, but they changed the world drastically, and most of the future ideas later on were adapted in some way from the BC ones. Basically, the BC inventions were like the godfathers of creativity itself. Some simple but drastic inventions included the wheel, kite, book and writing, reading and spelling, but an important one was the rickety gear, when mechanics were used even before actual mechanical tools came about.
Middle Ages (1000-1400)
The Middle Ages was a medieval period: monarchs ruled, people lived in normal wooden houses, there was market day, and all was mostly peaceful (except for the Black Death). Ideas flourished at this time, but not a significant amount of things were invented in Europe in the Middle Ages. A lot of the inventions were actually made by the Chinese, who then traded with Europe to get other goods and items. Gunpowder is a prime example of trade, but a fantastic invention made in Europe was the hourglass, first thought of in the 8th century by a monk named Luitprand.
The Renaissance was literally a combustion of new ideas. Art, humanism and economy spread like a sheet. Many inventions were condemned, while others were praised and used. People began writing in their own languages, everyone was educated in a way, and fancy prototypes were being built. The technology at the time wasn't very computerized, so it was fascinating that thousands of key inventions could be made. Some highlights are the printing press, the submarine, and the telescope/microscope. A unpopular but important invention, however, was the wheel lock.
Modern Age (1900-2000)
Atom bombs, hydrogen bombs, napalms, rockets...NO! This time period isn't, as unlikely as it may seem, only an era full of war, when Soviets and Nazis slaughtered millions of innocents. It was also the rise of supreme technology. Sure, people used it to create missiles of madness, but are we forgetting the good stuff that came out of this age? For starters, USA-now one of the powers of the world- invented the Artificial Intelligence (AI), and that has been used to create things like computers, TV, video games and phones. Others include the satellite, the internet, the toaster and the photocopier. One, though, which seems small compared to the others, is the simple, humble, microwave oven.
BC (Before AD)
Gear
The gear was invented in Greece, first used to manually help power up a bronze astronomical "computer" used for viewing stars. It was made of copper, and they were not used and modified again until the Roman times, where they were advanced to iron. Later in the Middle Ages the cog would be officially established, a clockwork version of a gear.
Dark Ages (400-1000)
The Dark Ages were named so because not much history was being written down, and the only people who did that were the only educated people at the time: monks and nuns, and they learned in Latin. The church hierarchy ruled at this time, which meant the people didn't have a lot of power. But some tribes/races did invent useful gadgets, though they were a reminiscent of an empire that stretched miles back into history.
Grenade
The grenade was invented by the Byzantines near 1000. It was loaded with gasoline and petrol, and mainly used for distractions rather than kill-weapons. They were sometimes nicknamed "cherry bombs", because a red substance (petroleum) would fly everywhere when the grenade exploded, as bright as "cherry red".
Before the watch was invented in 1500, the hourglass was a vital way to measure time accurately and fast. No significant recordings of science, agriculture and exploration would have happened if the object of recording time wasn't updated. They were mainly used by voyagers to count the days of time away, and this led to the discovery of the International Date Line.
80 BC
1000 AD
Hourglass
1320 AD
Wheel Lock
Before the wheel lock was invented in Germany, guns had to be manually ignited externally, and in war it took an awfully long time to load the Harquebuses (precursors of the musket), and soldiers were usually killed before they finished reloading the mounted guns. A number of accidents were prevented when the internal auto-igniting device was established, and it has made firearms easier to use and control ever since. Later, flintlocks, matchlocks, snap locks and dog locks would be invented, enhancing the speed, safety and accuracy of the wheel lock.
1520 AD
Industrial Age (1700-1900)
The Industrial Age was a time of supreme engineering power: steam engines and ramshackle cars were producing tons of smoke from the streets. Instead of horse carriages, airships, boats and trains were used for transport. The merchandise industry grew larger and larger. Political governments were set up, and in a lot of countries tyranny came to an end. It was also an age of revolution, and brand new empires were forming with the help of new inventions such as rifles, torpedoes, cannon wagons and zeppelins. An interesting invention, however, used more than we think, was TNT: dynamite.
Dynamite
When Swedish Alfred Nobel created the explosive known as dynamite, it changed the world forever. Pickaxes wouldn't have to be used as much, and dynamite supported the mining industry heavily. It was also a useful device in warfare later on: instead of lifting huge barrels of gunpowder, soldiers could carry a few sticks of dynamite, plant them, run, and Bob's your uncle. Plus, the explosion itself is more powerful than a crate of ammunition. What's really fascinating, though, was that Alfred could create a small red stick and load it with 2 boxes worth of explosive without it blowing up in his face, unlike his brother, Emil Nobel, who was killed testing out dynamite.
1866 AD
Microwave Oven
The poor people back then. Forced to oven bake or coal fry their meals, or have them cold. When automation was created earlier the same year, USA decided to solve the issue. They combined automation together with their experience in technology, and thus, the microwave oven was born. J.F Kennedy even took the USSR's president some years later on a tour to see America's newest furniture and kitchenware. By then, the transistor had long been invented, and that made the microwave faster, stronger and easier.
1946 AD
Plastic mixed with metal. Who would've thought of that? Used in aerospace defense, electronics and bioengineering markets, it is basically plastic that is flexible, strong and doesn't break easily due to the metal ions. Now it is used for artificial limbs, handguns and electrical sensors. A fine example of how some of the simplest things are the most important.
Metal Rubber
2004 AD
Today
To finish up, watch the video below to get an idea of how people discussed about inventions; the good things, the bad things, how it worked and what you can do with it. I hope you have enjoyed this Prezi.
THANK YOU FOR VIEWING!
Renaissance (1400-1700)
Inventions have shaped our history forever. Our world wouldn't have become the way it is now. Things like I-pads, I-pods and I-phones are revolutionizing today right now as we speak. Science has become the main power in knowledge itself, and it's influences are making up this world. We don't know what's in the future for us, but if the next invention is going to be another Android tablet, then the world will become quite predictable; fully engrossed in technology. How about we learn about a modern yet conventional and important invention for a change? Such an incident occurred when metal prosthetic limbs were reported to be a nuisance, and a quest for an easier device began.
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