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The Children´s Response:
Transcript of The Children´s Response:
The Children´s Response:
TPR and Beyond
By Cinthia Tomas
Total physical response is an example of the comprehension approach to language teaching. Methods in the comprehension approach emphasize the importance of listening on language development, and do not require spoken output in the early stages of learning. In total physical response, students are not forced to speak. Instead, teachers wait until students acquire enough language through listening that they start to speak spontaneously.
Total physical response lessons typically use a wide variety of realia, posters, and props. Teaching materials are not compulsory, and for the very first lessons they may not be used. As students progress in ability the teacher may begin to use objects found in the classroom such as furniture or books, and later may use word charts, pictures, and realia.
1. Preparation (Introduce Vocabulary)
2. Setting up (Sit in Circle)
3.Demostration (Read while you do the action)
4.Student Modeling (Read while student does the action)
5.Reinforcement (Repeat step number 4)
6.Total class participation (Entire class carry out the instructions)
7.Variation ( Change the lesson sequence)
According to its proponents, total physical response has a number of advantages: Students enjoy getting out of their chairs and moving around. Simple TPR activities do not require a great deal of preparation on the part of the teacher. TPR is aptitude-free, working well with a mixed ability class, and with students having various disabilities. It is good for kinesthetic learners who need to be active in the class. Class size need not be a problem, and it works effectively for children and adults.
Try this TPR activities !
1. Simon Says (with a spin!)
4.A Stroll around the Classroom
5.Mime Role Plays
Total physical response (TPR) is a language-teaching method developed by James Asher, a professor emeritus of psychology at San José State University. It is based on the coordination of language and physical movement. In TPR, instructors give commands to students in the target language, and students respond with whole-body actions.