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How the real world at last became a myth

In this presentation, Nietzsche's "history of an error" is told through reconfigurations of the allegory of the cave.
by

Amy Antoninka

on 20 November 2013

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Transcript of How the real world at last became a myth

How the 'Real World'
at last Became a Myth

History of an Error
From Freidrich Nietzsche's Twilight of the Idols,
or How to Philosophize with a Hammer

1. The real world, attainable to the wise, the pious, the virtuous man – he dwells in it, he is it.
(oldest form of the idea, relatively sensible, simple, convincing. Transcription of the proposition ‘I, Plato, am the truth.’)
2. The real world, unattainable for the moment, but promised to the wise, the pious, the virtuous man (‘to the sinner who repents’).
(Progress of the idea: it grows more refined, more enticing, more incomprehensible – it becomes a woman, it becomes Christian . . .)
3. The real world, unattainable, undemonstrable, cannot be promised, but even when merely thought of a consolation, a duty, an imperative.
4. The real world – unattainable? Unattained, at any rate. And if unattained also unknown. Consequently also no consolation, no redemption, no duty: how could we have a duty towards something unknown?
(The grey dawn First yawnings of reason. Cockcrow of positivism.)
5. The ‘real world’ – an idea no longer of any use, not even a duty any longer – an idea grown useless, superfluous, consequently a refuted idea: let us abolish it!
6. We have abolished the real world: what is left? the apparent world perhaps? . . . But no! with the real world we have also abolished the apparent world!
as-if-as-if-as-if
GOD
FREEDOM
IMMORTALITY
The Forms
Truth
Beauty
The Good
Piety
Justice
Virtue has set me free!
The Apparent World
The Real World
S
I
N
Greed
Lust
Sloth
Anger
Gluttony
Envy
Pride
Love
Peace
Kindness
Temperance
Fortitude
Justice
Courage
Grace
Mercy
The Real World
The City of God
REPENT!
And you may enter!
The Apparent World
Noumenal
Phenomenal
The Real World
(Fundamentally the same old sun, but shining through mist and skepticism; the idea grows sublime, pale, northerly, Königsbergian.)
The starry skys above,
and the moral law within.
the light
o f
reason
The mind imposes laws on nature by the way it functions. "Mind is the law-giver to nature." We are no longer dealing with an external world to which the mind responds but a world constructed by the mind.
1.Quantity of Judgements

* Universal
* Particular
* Singular

2.Quality

* Affirmative
* Negative
* Infinite
3.Relation

* Categorical
* Hypothetical
* Disjunctive

4.Modality

* Problematic
* Assertoric
* Apodeictic
The Real World?
God?
Duty?
Salvation?
CAVE
SWEET
CAVE

The Apparent World
Augustine's City of Man
The Apparent World
The Empirical World
Reason illuminates




the Cave
(Broad daylight; breakfast; return of cheerfulness and bons sens; Plato blushes for shame; all free spirits run riot.)
Social
Science
(Mid-day;
moment of the shortest shadow;
end of the longest error;
zenith of mankind;
INCIPIT ZARATHUSTRA)
“To redeem those who lived in the past and to recreate all ‘it was’ into a ‘thus I willed it’ – that alone should I call redemption…All 'it was’ is a fragment, a riddle, a dreadful accident – until the creative will says to it ‘But thus I will it; thus shall I will it.’”
- Zarathustra
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