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Animal Farm Literary Elements Chapters 5-6

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pooja tanjore

on 14 November 2016

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Transcript of Animal Farm Literary Elements Chapters 5-6

Chapter 5 Literary Elements
Napoleon repeated a number of times, "Tactics, comrades, tactics! Skipping round and whisking his tail with a merry laugh." This is a clear example of imagery. It shows us the body language used in this moment. The body language conveys the sense of superiority but casuality that the character is using. It gives a good idea of what the current environment of the story is. `

"Napoleon had never been opposed to the windmill on the contrary, it was he who had advocated it in the beginning." The windmill represents the pigs' manipulation tactics and how the pigs are making the windmill for their personal benefit.

Napoleon was the first one to come up with the windmill idea, but degraded Snowball when he introduced the idea to the farm, and then after Snowball left, he decided that they will make the windmill. "On the contrary, it was he who had advocated it in the beginning, and the plan which Snowball had drawn on the floor of the incubator shed had actually been stolen from Napoleon's papers."

"Napoleon is always right!" This is an example of a hyperbole. Someone "always" being right is an exaggerration in itself, however when regarding Napolean (who is almost never right, in my opinion) it is a huge exaggerration.

Sqealer uses False Dichotomy to convince the animals to support Napoleon's ideas such as no more Sunday debates. When the animals started to question Napoleon he asks them "you do not want Jones back?" He very slyly makes a threat by implying that if the animals question Napolean then Jones will return. He says because Jones is gone, they are not allowed to have anymore problems regarding their current way of life.

Pathos- Squealer appeals to the animals emotions by stating "I trust that every animal here appreciates the sacrifices comrade Napoleon has made in taking this extra labor upon himself."
Ethos- Ethos is in play when Squealer addresses the other animals as "comrades". It shows a sense of unity among the animals. It emotionally influences them to agree with Squealer or react to him in a positive light.

"Surely there is no one among you who wants to see Jones come back?" This shows repetition because in every one of Squealer's speeches, he always ends it/finds a way to say something about if they do something bad/don't follow the rules, then Jones. The animals will undergo any level of pain if it means that Jonees won't come back. The pigs play on this feeling.

Concept of gas lighting
“that evening Squealer explained privately to the other animals that napoleon had never in reality been opposed to the windmill.” This is a significant use of the concept of gas lighting because it shows immense manipulation tactics used by Napoleon. The animals on the farm are repeatedly being told that what they believed to be true is all wrong.
Chapter 5 Literary Elements cont.
Chapter 5 Literary Elements cont.

Foreshadowing - "She was late for work every morning and excused herself by saying that she had overslept, and she complained of mysterious pains, although her appetite was excellent. On every kind of pretext she would run away from work and go to the drinking pool, where she would stand foolishly gazing at her own reflection in the water. But there were also rumours of something more serious." This quote foreshadows the future of Mollie on the farm. The quote talks about Mollie's unusual and consistently lazy behavior. She is acting as if she is above working which sets her apart from the other animals. The fact that she has been set apart shows us how she feels unlike the others, and therefore foreshadows her leaving the farm to be with others more like her.

Motif- "You don't want Jones back do you?" This quote is repeated throughout the entirety of the chapter and the story. The quote is used to ampliphy that idea that anything is better than Jones. The idea is repeated in order to enforce it.

Rhetoric appeals:
Logos-Comrades!" he cried. "You do not imagine, I hope, that we pigs are doing this in a spirit of selfishness and privilege? Many of us actually dislike milk and apples. I dislike them myself. Our sole object in taking these things is to preserve our health. Milk and apples (this has been proved by Science, comrades) contain substances absolutely necessary to the well-being of a pig. We pigs are brainworkers. The whole management and organization of this farm depend on us. Day and night we are watching over your welfare. It is for YOUR sake that we drink that milk and eat those apples." This quote showcases logos through a logical appeal to the animals on the farm. This quote drives the story through showing that the pigs spin luxurious things into terrible things in order to make the animals have no desire for them.
Sami C., Kyle C. Pooja T.
Animal Farm Literary Elements Chapters 5-6
Chapter 6 Literary Elements
Chapter 6 Literary Elements cont.
Chapter 6 Literary Elements cont.
Squealer changes the commandments on the board without any questions. This foreshadows the rules will continue to change, no questions asked.

Squealer keeps changing the rules throughout the story. Repeatedly he tells the animals that if they remember a law differently than he wants it, then they are mistaken. This reoccuring element is unique to the story.

Rhetorical Appeals
Pathos- Squealer blames Snowball for the Windmill destruction. This appeals to the animals' frustrated and sad emotions.
Logos- Squealer attemps to use the logic that a "pile of straw is a bed and sheets are against the law," in order to justify the pigs sleeping in the farmhouse.
The repetitive idea of building the windmill . The windmill has been destroyed and therefore they will have to repeat all of the symbolic work done beforehand.

Gas Lighting
Squealer starts trade with a human and tells the animals that there was never a law against the use of money and trade. He says if they recall anything else, then they are wrong.

"All that year the animals worked like like slaves." While this is a simile, it gives us a clear picture of the animals and how they lived their lives during this part of the story.

Concept of gas lighting
"had not these been among the earliest resolutions passed at that first triumphant meeting after done was expelled? All the animals remembered passing such resolution; or at least they though that they remembered it. This quote showcases the psychological abuse that the animals undergo in which they are manipulated into doubting his or her own memory, perception, and sanity.

"...Do you know the enemy who has come in the right and overthrown our windmill? Snowball!.... in mallginity, thinking to set back our plans and avenge himself for his ignoninious expulsion, this traitor has himself crept her under cover of night and destroyed our work of nearly is just Napoleon's opinism/ point of view, not everyone else's." This "inspiring" speech is meant to instill anger and motivation into the animals so that they feel as if Snowball has betrayed them. This speech "empowers" the animals to push the propaganda of Napoleon and fight against Snowball.

Irony (Situational)
Napoleon is trading with other farms after the law was enforced that didn't allow trade. This is ironic because he is always preaching to follow the rules when in reality he is not doing so. He even goes as far as to change the rule using the concept of gas lighting a little later in the story.

”He suddenly roared in a voice of thunder” His voice wasn't actually as loud as thunder. This was used to emphasize the emotion and the intenseness of the emotion during this period of the story.

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