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Trail of Tears

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by

Josalyn Wilmot

on 9 September 2013

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Transcript of Trail of Tears

Trail of Tears
A Journey of Injustice
1831-1839
Five civilized tribes removed
Forcefully removed
Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee
Indian Removal Act
Harsh conditions led to a high rate of widespread illness
Roughly 2,000 Cherokee died in camps waiting for the westward march
Faced hunger, disease, and exhaustion
Over 4,000 out of 15,000 Cherokees died
Traveled by foot, horse, wagon, or steamboat

President Andrew Jackson

Passed in 1830

Mandated the removal of all American Indians tribes east of the Mississippi river to lands in the west.
Travelers
Traveling on the Trail of Tears

Disease and Malnutrition
3200 Indians died from various diseases .
small pox
typhus
malaria
pneumonia




About 2,000 Indians died of starvation, disease, and exposure.

16,000 Cherokee men, women, and children
Moved to stockades and interment camps
Walked hundreds of miles to Indian Territory
Trail of Tears Map
Routes the Cherokee Took
Sickness
Indian Stockade
Men, Women, and Children
Five Civilized Tribes Removed
Choctaw tribe removed 1831
Seminole tribe 1832
Creek Tribe 1834
Chickasaw tribe 1837
Cherokee Tribe 1838
Treaty of Echota
Trail of Tears
Signed by about 100 Cherokees in 1835
Known as the Treaty Party
Gave up Indian Territory
Promised money, livestock, various provisions, and tools
Interesting Facts
U.S. soldiers did not allow indians to bring extra clothing, food or blankets.
Cherokee were allowed 600 wagons
White settlers wanted total extermination "Savages"
Treaty of Echota
Full transcript