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An Age of Democracy & Progress

AP Euro
by

Kristin Palomares

on 17 February 2014

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Transcript of An Age of Democracy & Progress

Age of Democracy & Progress
1815-1914
Britain Enacts Reforms
The Reform Bill of 1832
The Chartist Movement
1600s
Constitutional Monarchy
Parliament holds the power
House of Lords
House of Commons
Inherited seats or were appointed
1999: abolished hereditary rights
Elected by British people
1800s
only 5% of population had voting rights
men
owned land
Wealthy middle class
factory owners, bankers, merchants
1st to demand voice
Suffrage
right to vote
Revolution of 1830 in France frightened parliament
Law passed that...
eased property requirements
modernized districts by giving industrial cities more representation
The People's Charter of 1838
called for universal suffrage & annual Parliamentary elections
made Parliament responsible to the lower class
secret ballot
end property requirements for parliament positions
paid parliament members
Rejected by parliament
eventually all passed except annual elections
Queen Victoria
Took throne in 1837 at 18
Ruled for 64 years
Britain reached peak of its wealth & power
Popular
Forced to accept less powerful role for the monarchy
Queen Victoria & Prince Albert
3 min
Victorian Slang
2 min
*Extra Enrichment
Victorian School Punishments
2 min
*Extra Enrichment
Victorian Fashion
2 min
*Extra Enrichment
Victorian Postal Service
2 min
*Extra Enrichment
Victorian Names
3 min
*Extra Enrichment
Emmeline Pankhurst
1903: Women's Social & Political Union (WSPU)
Militant organization for women's rights
"The only justification for the risk to the comfort of other human beings is the fact that you have tried all other available means and fave failed to secure justice"
Arrested, led hunger strikes, etc. to bring attention to the cause
1 min
1880s: Women activists from the U.S., Canada, and Europe met in Washington, D.C., for the International Council of Women
1890s: Women's congress in Chicago
First countries to grant suffrage:
New Zealand (1893)
Australia (1902)
Finland (1906)
Norway (1913)
Wyoming (1869)
Women's
Rights
France & Democracy
3rd Republic
Franco-Prussian War led to series of crises
Change of government yearly
Dozen political parties competed for power
National Assembly agreed on a new government (1875)
Lasted over 60 years
Dreyfus Affair
Was threatened by...
monarchists, aristocrats, clergy, and army leaders
Anti-Semitism: prejudice against Jews
Captain Alfred Dreyfus
Jewish officer in the French army
Accused of selling military secrets to Germany
Court found guilty, based on false evidence
Sentenced to life in prison
Years later, new evidence found that he was framed by other army officers
Others insisted that justice was more important
Army leaders, nationalists, leaders in the clergy, and anti-Jewish groups refused to let the case be reopened
Emile Zola
1898
J'accuse! (I Accuse) = open letter in newspaper
Denounced the army for covering the scandal
Sentenced to a year in prison
Divided Nation
Anti-Semitism was more severe in Eastern Europe
Pogroms
organized campaigns of violence against Jews in Russia
Zionism
Goal = pursue a Jewish homeland in Palestine
Theodore Herzl
Leader
Writer in Vienna
Self-Rule for British Colonies
Canada Struggles for Self-Rule
French & English Canada
Dominion of Canada
Canada's Westward Expansion
Originally home to Amerindians
French fur trappers and missionaries originally colonized
French & Indian War
Great Britain
Settled separately from the French along the Atlantic seaboard and Great Lakes
France
England
Catholic
Protestant
British Parliament tried to resolve issues by creating two new provinces
Upper Canada = Ontario = English majority
Lower Canada = Quebec = French majority
The Durham Report
Royal governor & wealthy British held most of the power
Middle-class began to demand political & economic reforms
French resentment towards British rule
Rebellions
British parliament solution...
Upper & Lower Canada should be reunited and British immigration should be encouraged
Colonists should be allowed to govern domestic matters
Demand for central government to protect against the U.S. whose territory extended from the Atlantic to the Pacific
John MacDonald
1st Prime Minister
Purchased land and persuaded frontier territories to join union
Constructed transcontinental railroad
Australia & New Zealand
Britain's Penal Colony
Free Settlers Arrive
Settling New Zealand
Self-Government
Status of Native People
James Cook
Maori
Aborigines
Native people of Australia
Longest ongoing culture in the world
Nomads who fished, hunted, & gathered
Polynesian population who settled in New Zealand
Based on farming, hunting, & fishing
A place where convicts were sent to serve their sentences
After release, prisoners could buy land and settle region
overcrowding
New breed of sheep
produced high quality wool
thrived in warm/dry weather
become largest business of Australia
Encourage immigration...
cheap land
gold rush
Settlement was slow
Britain recognized rights of Maori
Missionaries
Land conflict
Britain annexed
Maori accepted foreign rule in exchange for recognition of land rights
Wanted to rule self yet remain in the British Empire
1850s: self-governing w/ parliamentary system
1901: Australia united under federal constitution
1900s: Both became dominions
Political Reform Firsts
Secret ballot (Australian ballot)
Voting rights for women (New Zealand)
Irish Win Home Rule
The Great Famine
Rebellion & Division
Opposition to British Rule
2 min
Wanted independence
Home Rule
local control over internal affairs only
Britain refused...
concern over Ireland's Protestants
WWI broke out before bill was passed
Irish nationalists rebelled in Dublin
British troops put down and executed its leaders
Easter
Rising
After WWI...
Irish nationalists won a victory in the elections for British parliament
They formed an underground government and declared themselves independent instead
Irish Republican Army (IRA): unofficial military force seeking independence
sparked war w/ British
Southern Ireland
1921: home rule granted
Became a dominion known as the Irish Free State
1949: declared Republic of Ireland
Northern Ireland
remained part of Great Britain
1100s
1500s & 1600s
1801
Daniel O'Connel
Pope granted control of Ireland to the English king
English knights settled there
Laws limited the rights of Catholics and favored the Protestant religion and English language
Formally joined Ireland to Britain
Acts of Union
Acts of Union gave Ireland representation in the British Parliament
Irish leader who persuaded Parliament to pass
Catholic Emancipation Act
Restored rights to Catholics
Independence
Irish Republican Army
Home Rule
The Great Famine
Catholic Emancipation Act 1829
Act of Unions 1801
Penal Colony
Aborigines
Maori
dominion
The Durham Report
Canada
Australia
New Zealand
Ireland
Taboo Review
Third Republic
Dreyfus Affair
Anti-Semitism
Emile Zola
Zionism
Taboo Review
Emmeline Pankhurst
Women's Social & Political Union (WSPU)
Queen Victoria
Chartist Movement
The People's Charter
Reform Bill of 1832
Suffrage
House of Commons
House of Lords
Taboo Review
Excluded from democracy
European diseases killed
Displaced by colonists
1845-1872: series of wars between the Maoris & British government
War & Expansion in the U.S.
Rank from most to least significant
Romanticism
Haiku
Short
Sensory/emotional language
Inspired by nature
5-7-5 syllable structure
Pride in country sprouts
Ancient costume crowns perish
People's power blooms
Full transcript