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History of Designer Babies

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JadaRae Lister

on 5 February 2015

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Transcript of History of Designer Babies

2016 and beyond
History of Designer Babies
On July 25th, 1978 Louise Brown, was born at Oldham General Hospital in Oldham, England. She was the world's first baby to be conceived via IVF (in vitro fertilization).
The first proposals for human gene transfer experiments are made. Human gene transfer is the process of transfering DNA or RNA into a person. This technique is used to treat a number of diseases by either triggering the immune system to fight
off disease, or compensating for genes that are defective.
The first somatic gene transfer experiments begin. (See graphic)
Doctors used early screening techniques to test the embryos of Lisa and Jack Nash. The embryos they chose were an exact cell match to the Nash's, daughter Molly. Molly suffers from Fanconi Anemia which causes bone marrow deficiency. Adam Nash was born in August after Lisa Nash underwent four IVF cycles. After his birth, his stem cells were collected from his umbilical cord and used to replace his sister's bone marrow.
A clinic begins to offer prospective parents the opportunity to select physical traits of their future children. It's based on a procedure known as PGD, that has been used for years to identify potential diseases in embryos.
In 2015, a baby could be born in Britain with three parents. British researchers have received approval to develop a technique called mitochondrial transfer to remove mitochondria that cause disease.
Scientists at a Shenzhen-based firm claim that one day it will be possible for couples undergoing IVF treatment to select the embryo with the highest IQ for implantation. They are in the process of mapping the genes of math geniuses in hopes of isolating what it is that makes them so intelligent.
A Gene For Intelligence?
Full transcript