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Animal Life in Antarctica

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aleksandra najdovska

on 4 June 2012

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Transcript of Animal Life in Antarctica

ANIMAL LIFE IN ANTARCTICA There are many different unique types of animals hidden in Antarctica. Most of these species are dependent on the sea. Many whale species swim in the oceans of the Antarctic which include the Blue Whale, Fin Whale, Sei Whale, Southern Right Whale, Humpback Whale, Minke Whale, Sperm Whale, Killer Whale or Orca and the Sourthern Bottlenose Whale. As well as the whales, many species of seals inhabit Antarctica including the Elephant Seal, Leopard Seal, Weddell seal, Crabeater Seal, Ross Seal, and Fur Seal. Finally, one of the most well known animals that inhabit Antarctica are penguins. Although there are 17 different species of penguin, only 6 inhabit Antarctica. These species include the Emperor, Gentoo, Chinstrap, Adelie, Macaroni and the Rockhopper. Adelie Penguins Blue Whale Leopard Seal INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT THE ANIMALS The whale can stay underwater for 5-15 minutes at a time
They need to eat 50 -150 kilograms of meat every day
Threats to the whale are plastic bags, balloons, chemicals, oil spills they are all considered pollution
Whales live as long as some humans WHALES Seals Not every animal can stand the freezing cold water of the Antarctic, but the seals of Antarctica can because of its 2-4 inches of thick blubber.
Seals of Antarctica eat shrimp, crab, clams, snails, and even penguin pups. Penguins Penguins eyes are specialised for seeing underwater and on land in low light. For this reason they are highly sensitive to sudden bright light such as camera flashes
A penguin can stay at sea for weeks, diving for fish, yet its waterproof feathers keep its skin absolutely dry. A penguin can actually sleep at sea, dozing as it floats on the surface.
The little penguins' dark feathers are not black like other penguins. They are a deep, rich blue. Their colour camouflages them from above and below the surface of the ocean. As well as animals, there are a lot of insects, crustaceans and cephalopods living in the Antarctic. One of the more dangerous bugs in Antarctica is a reddish bug called the Rhagidia mite. They have eight legs and a related to the spider family.
It is known to be a very deadly insect. Rhagidia Mite ANIMAL ADAPTATIONS Penguins and seals have a compact body shape and thick skin to help keep in their body heat.
Birds have both waterproof feathers and downy feathers to keep them warm.
Many of the fish and insects have special chemicals in their blood that keep them from freezing.
Some animals leave Antarctica between June and August, its coldest months. For example, Humpback whales eat huge amounts of krill before migrating to warmer waters, where there is little krill, to give birth to their calves.
Some animals remain in Antarctica all the time, for example, the Emperor Penguins. Whales Migrating Emperor Penguins Huddling in the Winter
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