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How To Get A Job

The use of EDC and grant funding to support job search and enrichment

Leah Armes

on 17 March 2014

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Transcript of How To Get A Job

Know how to get to the interview and how long it will take you to get there
Be well groomed and dressed in clothing that is professional
Do some research on the company, and the job you are applying for
Prepare your references and bring them with you!
Bjorklund, B. R. (2011). The journey of adulthood. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.
Career Services. (2011, December 11). Interview do's and don'ts. Retrieved from http://www.career.vt.edu/interviewing/DosDonts.html
Doyle, A. (2014). Interviewing questions and answers. About.com Job Searching. Retrieved March 2, 2014, from http://jobsearch.about.com/od/interviewquestionsanswers/a/interviewquest.htm
Government of Canada (2013). Preparing for job interview. Services for Youth. Retrieved March 2, 2014, from http://www.youth.gc.ca/eng/topics/jobs/interview.shtml
Green, A. (2011). 8 things you should know about job references. Us News: Careers. Retrieved February 15. 2014, From http://money.usnews.com/money/blogs/outside-voices-careers/2011/02/14/8-things-you-should-know-about-job-references
Iseek. (2014). Succeeding in the Workplace. Retrieved February 28, 2014, from http://www.iseek.org/jobs/succeed.html
Job Bank (2011). Prepare for the interview. Service Canada. Retrieved March 2, 2014, from https://www.jobsetc.gc.ca/pieces.jsp?category_id=303
Monster (2014). Who should I choose as my references. CV Advice. Retrieved on February 16, 2014, from http://career-advice.monster.co.uk/cvs-applications/cv-advice/who-should-i-choose-as-my-references/article.aspx
Ontario Ministry of Training Colleges and Universities. (2014). Choosing a Career. Retrieved February 28, 2014, from http://www.tcu.gov.on.ca/eng/postsecondary/careerplanning/
Segal, J., Smith, M., Robinson, L., & Segal, R. (2014). Stress at Work: Tips to Reduce and Manage Job and Workplace Stress. Helpguide. Retrieved February 28, 2014, from http://www.helpguide.org/mental/work_stress_management.htm
Statistics Canada (2011). Delayed retirement. The Daily. Retrieved February 15, 2014, from: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/111026/dq111026b-eng.htm
Statistics Canada (2014). Labour force survey. The Daily. Retrieved February 15, 2014, from: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/140207/dq140207a-eng.htm
The Government of Ontario. Ontario Public Service Careers, Hiring Process. (2007). Interview tips. Retrieved from Queen's printer for Ontario website: http://www.gojobs.gov.on.ca/interviewtips.asp
The University of Waterloo. (2013). Centre for Career Action. Interview skills. Retrieved from https://uwaterloo.ca/career-action/resources-library/how- guides/interview-skills
University of Waterloo Centre for Career Action. (2014). Career Decision Making. Retrieved March 1, 2014, from https://uwaterloo.ca/career-action/resources-library/how-guides/career-decision-making
University of Waterloo Centre for Career Action. (2014). Letter writing. Home. Retrieved February 28, 2014, from https://uwaterloo.ca/career-action/resources-library/how-guides/letter-writing
University of Waterloo Centre for Career Action. (2014). Résumé writing. Home. Retrieved February 28, 2014, from https://uwaterloo.ca/career-action/resources-library/how-guides/resume-writing
Group 8
How to Prepare for a Job Search
How to Prepare for a Job Search
Everything you need to plan and achieve your career goals.
Planning your career path
Plan carefully:
Give this decision the time and consideration it is due.
Choose a path that is:
realistic and attainable
allows you to remain true to yourself
operates in harmony with other aspects of your life (family, lifestyle, personal hobbies).
Make an informed choice:
Online career quizzes, career counseling, and volunteerism can help you gain valuable insight.
Volunteer work
has the added benefit of helping you obtain experience and enhance your resume.
Remain proactive:
research your prospects thoroughly
create lists of goals and required tasks
take action based on your research and planning
Before the Interview
1. What interested you about this job?
2. What experiences do you have that would make you the best applicant?
3. What do you know about our company?
4. At your last job what were your responsibilities?
5. What are you looking for in your next job?
6. Can you please walk me through your resume?
7. What motivates you?
8. What are your career goals?
9. What does the word TEAM mean to you?
10. How would you describe your current work environment?
Sample Phone Interview Questions
What's the Point of an Interview?
Employment/ Unemployment
People search for jobs for numerous reasons!
ex. loss of jobs, looking for experience, recently graduated students looking for employment, etc.

Although there has been an increase in employment, there is still a large concern in unemployment rates
Some factors that greatly affect individual employment in Canada today are
1) Province - In Ontario the unemployment rate fell 0.4% as fewer people looked for work
2) Sex - Compared to men, women struggle more to find employment.
3) Age - Youth are continuing to struggle finding employment, while adults ages 55 and over are experiencing delayed retirement
Where Can I Find a Job?
1) Newspapers
(Globe and Mail, The Toronto star, The Vancouver Sun, etc.)
2) Employment agencies
(serve as intermediaries between workers and employers)
ex: The Agency Employment Services, The Working Centre, The University of Waterloo Career Centre
3)Online resources
ex Job Bank, Wow Jobs, Kijiji, etc.
4) Bulletin boards and posters
5) Word of mouth, family, friends, coworkers
Job References
85% of employers will check at least one of your references when offering you a position!
Who do I choose?
-Your most recent employer
-Former coworkers, supervisors, clients
- Education professionals (i.e supervisors, teachers, professors, etc.)
-Volunteer organizations
- It is not advised to have personal references (ex. family members, friends,)
because they are likely to be too complementary

Some rules:
1) Do not include references to your resume. Instead explain they are available upon request.
2) Bring a reference page to the job interview in case they ask
3) Have a minimum of three reference (This varies depending on the job)
4) Make sure to ask people to be your reference before using them
5) Employers do not always stick to the references on the list you gave them
6) If you are afraid of getting a bad reference from a previous employer, consider warning prospective employer

Succeeding in the Workplace
"Assisted Customers"
Application Package
It is important to update your application package during your job search as it acts as a list of professional achievements
What To Wear
Precisely what to wear is up to your personal discretion, however most companies appreciate you to be dressed professionally, and conservatively, to show you are taking the job seriously.
Cover Letters
Explain why you are a "good fit" for the job and the company
Keep all your points relevant to the job you are applying to
Include a introductory and concluding paragraph
Resumes Should include:
Contact information
Summary of Qualifications
Work and Volunteer Experience
Achievements and Qualifications
Address to a named individual
Project Confidence
Make the most of the opening paragraph
use simple business language
speak to the job requirements
Demonstrate added value
Clarify why you should be hired
Minimize "I" statements
Be brief and to the point
Send a form letter
Use cliches
Be negative and humble
Send your resume without a letter
Wait for the employer to follow up
Say anything about your lack of experience
Send written material with typos or smudges
Each bullet point should strongly communicate your qualifications and accomplishments that are relevant to the position. Make sure it isn't too vague and also not too detailed.
During the Interview
"Answered customer inquiries in a timely and professional manner resulting in higher customer satisfaction"
Arrive 10 minutes early
Be respectful to everyone
Offer a firm handshake
Maintain eye contact
Call the interviewer by their title (Ms, Mr, Dr.)
Don't fidget or slouch
Be honest
Be yourself, but your professional self!
Answer questions clearly, give examples of your experience
Exhibit a positive attitude
Ask interviewer what comes next in hiring process
After the Interview
Ask for feedback.

Your interview should be a learning experience.
Upon leaving,
offer another firm handshake, and a smile.

Write down the questions you were asked.

Develop answers before next interview.
Write a thank you letter or e-mail

to your interviewer to thank them for considering you
Reflect on and learn for your next interview.

What went well? What didn't?
• Provide interviewer with resume information
• Show that you understand your strengths and weaknesses and have a sense of direction
• Allows employer to evaluate your personality and attitudes in terms of the demands of the organization and the position
• Helps you gain information about the organization and the job
• Give you and the employer an opportunity to discuss the desirability of further contact or an offer of employment

Research Shows...
On average an interviewer decides whether or not they want to hire you in 5 and a half minutes.
(So make a good first impression!)
Types of Interview Questions
Requesting information about your work history, skills or knowledge, as they relate to the job
Technical/Job Specific Knowledge:
Questions about your knowledge of specific programs, policies, or procedures that are related to the position
Situational/Scenario Based:
Questions that present you with a hypothetical situation that you may be faced with on the job and ask you to provide a solution
Behavioural Based:
Questions about your previous experience and skills to provide examples of when you demonstrated specific skills in past situations.

How To Answer Behavioural Questions
in 90 Seconds
When retelling an instance where you had a specific work-related experience, use the W5 model!
70 seconds: state skill / knowledge / explain your example by stating who, what, when, where, why, and how; as well as what the successful outcome was
20 seconds: restate the skill and outline the benefits; how is that skill transferable to the interviewers organization?
It is crucial to
your resume to the job you are applying to because it will eliminate irrelevant information that the employer does not care for. Ensure that your resume is only a snapshot of your experiences, not an essay.
Be punctual

Arrive on time.
Have a backup plan for child care and transportation.
Call as soon as you know you will not be in.
Know the rules and procedures of the workplace

Pay close attention to memos, manuals, and orientations.
Follow the proper channels if you encounter personal or professional issues at work.
If in doubt: ask.
Dress and act conservatively and professionally

Follow company dress code and remember that you are a representative of the company.
Use your time wisely and demonstrate good work ethic.
Keep your personal life personal.
Be friendly and flexible with your coworkers.
Learn to accept criticism and learn from it.
Be assertive

Learn to voice your ideas and concerns--this demonstrates leadership skills and shows your employer that you care about the company.
Keep learning

Upgrade your skills through personal education and work-sponsored seminars--this ensures you stay relevant!
Face to Face Interview Questions
1. Tell me about yourself.
2. What type of fellow employee do you not work well with?
3. What do you look for in an employer?
4. Why should we hire you?
5. What is your greatest weakness/fault?
6. What animal does your personality most identify with? And why.
7. What are your salary requirements?
8. Where do you see yourself in 5 years?
9. Has there ever been a situation you have demonstrated leadership? When?And how did you do it?
10. Do you have any questions for me?
can be defined as "the patterns and sequences of occupations or related roles help by people across their working lives and into retirement". For a lot of us, our jobs occupy a large amount of our
, our
and our
Jobs influence where we live, how we live, and with whom we spend our time. Our jobs also provide a good deal of our
self esteem.
(Bjorklund 2011)
In Canada today...
There are thousands of career choices in Ontario and that number is increasing every year
Seven of every ten jobs require some sort of diploma, certificate, or degree
: what action you took—skill action verb (e.g., designed)
: ways in which you applied skills—using descriptors, adjectives, and nouns (e.g., client database)
: how you performed the task:— a) actual tool or technique b) role you played; and/or c) using an adverb
: what outcome you achieved—quantified wherever possible (e.g., doubled speed of information retrieval)

To make an effective bullet point, incorporate these parts:
Things To Avoid...
Career Quiz Websites


Good Luck!
You Can Do It!
getting involved in the disputes of colleagues
using company time for personal tasks: phone calls, email, etc.
taking on more than you can handle
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