Transcript of My greek project
Greek science: astronomy Well hi there! You know, this is the very first prezi I've ever made. I hope you enjoy it! Ancient Greeks were very famous for their scientific discoveries. If I were to explain all of them, I would never finish. So that’s why I’m only going to talk about one part. Astronomy. Greek astronomy was actually very complex. They started using astronomy way before the Mayans did, and had quite a lot of observations on how planets move, stars, etc. The ancient Greeks influenced the geocentric view of our solar system, and the geocentric view stayed as the accepted view of our solar system from 4th century BC to about 16th century BC. That’s around 12 centuries! In the beginning of Greek astronomy, Anaximander thought that space was a vast ocean, and that earth is a whirlpool in the midst of it. Pythagoras, another famous Greek scientist, greatly influenced astronomy and science. He and his cult, the Pythagoreans, first thought of planets having circular orbits, with a constant velocity. The ancient Greeks also found Mercury, Venus, Jupiter, Mars, and Saturn. Also, to be consistent with “the magic number” 10, they added a planet called ‘counter-earth’ it was forever on the other side of the sun, hidden from our view. In their documents, Greek astronomers have mentioned the constellation Boötes, the star cluster Hyades, the constellation Orion, the star cluster Pleiades, Sirius, the Dog Star, the constellation Ursa Major, and the star Arcturus. All of this information was very important because it helped shape Astronomy as we know it. One last note, as we all know, the geocentric view is completely wrong; the Sun does not orbit earth. Another thing. If you really think that Archimedes, Pythagoras, Anaximander, and other greek scientists were bad men, don't. They just got thier facts very wrong, and later the popes said that if God thought soo highly of men, earth must be at the centre of the universe. The Olympics first originated in Greece where the legend tells us that The Olympics started because a great plague and war was happening, So the people asked the “gods” to tell them what to do. The “gods” said you must hold an athletic event to stop this. So that’s how the Olympics were born. Afterwards, the Olympics slowly started to add many sports and also cutting off some sports, and it evolved into the Olympics that we know. The ancient Greeks started with only one sport: a Stadion: a 200 M sprint. Then they started adding other events like: Diaulos: a run twice the length of a Stadion, Dolichos: a long run, approx. 5 KM, Hoplitodromia: a Diaulos run wearing armor, Long Jump, Discus, Javelin , Wrestling, Boxing, Pankration: sort of like MMA, Chariot Racing, and Horse Racing. The participants always had to be free Greek men partially because everybody participated completely nude and partially because the Greeks didn’t think too highly of women (except for the temple priestess). Also, the first women champion was a Spartan princess called Kynisca in 392 BC. So as you see, ancient Greeks had pretty cool Olympics. haha I bet you ten bucks that you can't make my face right now! It's a big world we live in Greek medical advances have greatly influenced our modern physicians. Perhaps the most notable Greek physician is Hippocrates, often called the “father of medicine”. Ancient Egyptian medical knowledge also greatly influenced Greek medical knowledge. Hippocrates often did various chest surgeries, especially heart surgeries. He also wrote the Hippocratic corpus, a collection of around seventy early Greek medical works associated with Hippocrates and his teachings. Aristotle was another great Greek physician. He did many works on the human body and believed that humans have three souls: one vegetative, which means that it’s for growing and reproducing; a sensitive soul, responsible for moving and sense; and a rational soul, capable of thinking. He also believed that the rational soul, or intelligence, was in the heart. Aristotle’s beliefs stood firm for a long time until this man named Herophilus of Chalcedon. He corrected Aristotle and placed intelligence in the brain. He and his student Erasistratus of Chios, studied veins and nerves. They also performed live vivisection on criminals to study the human body. In the end, the Greeks were really smart, but they sure had weird ideas. This is the greek olympics... This is sparta!!!!!!!! Last but not least... Greek medicine Ancient Greek cuisine was very special, in that they were actually very simple. For breakfast they usually only ate bread dipped in wine, lunch was also the same, except with fruits and oils. Supper was usually the main meal of the day. It was eaten just before sunset and consisted of vegetables, fruit, fish, and possibly honey cakes. Also they might have eaten cheese with it. Instead of sugar to sweeten their desserts, they used honey, because sugar was unknown to the ancient Greeks. They only drank water and watered-down wine. Milk wasn’t drunk because it was considered barbaric; it was used to make cheese. Since the ancient Greeks didn’t have spoons, forks, knives etc., they ate with their hands. Bread was used to scoop thick soups and they used bread as a napkin. Pork and beef was too expensive to eat so the ancient Greeks would cook and hand out pork and beef at festivals, after they offered sacrifice to the gods. Finally, the ancient Greeks had a very simple cuisine, even though they had many thinkers and philosophers. Maybe the simplicity and healthiness was what spawned these great philosophers and scientist. FOOD! THE END Well, that's the end im afraid. Bye! Presenting....Full transcript
GREEK STUFF! BIBLIOGRAPHY:
"Ancient Olympic Events - Olympic-Legacy.com." Performance Enhancement 04. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 May 2013. <http://www.pe04.com/olympic/olympia/events_o.php>.
"Ancient Olympic Games - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 May 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Olympic_Games>.
"Potted History." Welcome Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 May 2013. <http://www.olympicwomen.co.uk/3.html>.
Culture. "Food in Ancient Greece." Untitled Document. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 May 2013. <http://www.historylink102.com/greece3/food.htm>.
cuisine, zantine. "Ancient Greek cuisine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 May 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Greek_cuisine>.
"Greece and the Birth of Science." Greece and the Birth of Science. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 May 2013. <ircamera.as.arizona.edu/NatSci102/NatSci102/text/extgreekscience.htm>.
"Greek astronomy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 May 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_astronomy>.
medicine, zantine. "Ancient Greek medicine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 May 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_medicine>.
MLA formatting by BibMe.org.