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Ancient Greek Religious Beliefs and its Effect on the Lives of the People

Does the title not explain enough for you?

Ryan Gee

on 25 September 2012

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Transcript of Ancient Greek Religious Beliefs and its Effect on the Lives of the People

It Starts Here The Bigger Picture Greek religion, spreading as it did over many centuries and many different city-states, incorporated a great deal of variety in belief. Nevertheless, the "pantheons current among different communities have enough in common to be seen as essentially one system, and were generally understood as such by the Greeks Greek religion was a predominant form of early Paganism and as a result their religion reflected many central ideas and concepts of earlier forms of Paganism, such as Druidism, both ancient and Modern and Witchcraft and Wicca. It was polytheistic, consisting of the worship of many Gods. The Greeks believed that the Gods would offer protection and guide their city-states. This belief was identical to other earlier forms of Paganism. Greek religion was ritual based, practicing a flexible set of beliefs. It was unlike many modern religions, because it made no claims of universality and they did not participate in regular clergies, no hierarchical system, no sacred texts or moral code that is backed by religious beliefs. Scholars of the Renaissance believed that Greek religion simply consisted of many legendary tales told by Greek authors. However Greek religion was not simply legendary tales and fictitious myths, it was a complex organization with each city-state containing its having its own rules, which made the citizens into a true community. The Gods played an Important part in Greek religion and their society. The Gods entered all parts of Greek society, domestic affairs, civic organization, gender, agriculture and war. This belief is also reflected in many other earlier forms of Paganism. The Greeks attempted to please the Gods, fearing that they could upset them with insolence and impiety. The Greeks placed great importance on Twelve Pantheon Gods. They also worshiped other deities such as oracles, lesser divinities, Demi-Gods and Heroes. FATE That Greek religion is polytheistic, even they would succumb to the rules of the universe. Even Zeus, the mightiest of all gods, was subject to the powerful force of Destiny or Fate. The Delphic Oracle told Lyidan inquirers that "no one, not even the god, can escape his appointed fate."
At the same time, the Olympians regularly directed the fate of human beings.
In Greek philosophy, this concept of a Supreme Law or Ultimate Reality was much more emphasized, often at the expense of traditional beliefs about the gods. Just The Tip Of The Iceberg Even in ancient times the Greek believed everyone had to experience certain things in life. Being groomed to accept this was also a result of Greek culture. (Maybe even to this day the same is true) The Greek believed, religiously speaking, the most important thing to do in life is believe in the gods and perform the proper sacrifices and rituals. This would avoid reprisals both from gods and fellow human beings and encourage gifts from the gods. Greek religion was this-world oriented; any postmortem benefits of religious beliefs and actions were only peripherally considered, if at all. Human Purpose In Life Although the Greeks heavily depended on their Gods to uphold their society, it is evident that they relied on other deities as well. This can be seen through the Greeks faith in a deity, which they called an Oracle. An oracles primary function was to offer guidance and advice. In archaic times, the Greeks sought out the Oracles advice in relation to religious and political aspects of life. They were also used as a mean to seek out the will of the Gods. Sanctuaries were dedicated to the Oracles to indicate their importance. Shrines were also erected for the Oracles and became places of international prestige. Oracles controlled many human decisions about health, sickness, peace, war, colonization, migration, crime and punishment. Overall, the role Ancient Greek religion played in the lives of the Ancient Greek was just as big as the beliefs of anyone else. It determines the life choices, limits, options, opportunities, a person or a group could possibly have in life. The beliefs a person has and how much they cater to them are a big part of a persons life. ANCIENT GREEK RELIGION AND ITS EFFECT ON SOCIETY END NOTHING ELSE TO LOOK AT . PEACE .
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