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The origins of English for Specific Purposes (ESP)

Unit 1, Lesson 1, Learning activity 2: "Timeline"

Manuel Roque

on 19 January 2016

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Transcript of The origins of English for Specific Purposes (ESP)

The origins of English for Specific Purposes (ESP)
End of Second World War
The final battles of the European Theatre of World War II as well as the German surrender to the Western Allies and the Soviet Union took place in late April and early May 1945.
International language
*Economic power of United States

*English was the key to the international currencies of technology and commerce
The second type of ESP identified by Carter (1983) is English for Academic and Occupational Purposes. In the Tree of ELT (Hutchinson & Waters, 1987), ESP is broken down into three branches:
Manuel de Jesús Roque Pérez
*Oil crises (1970)
Is a reduced form of a LANGUAGE: ‘Some REGISTERS are extremely restricted in purpose. They thus employ only a limited number of formal items and patterns [and] are known as restricted languages’ (M. A. K. Halliday et al., The Linguistic Sciences and Language Teaching, 1964). Such a system is often artificial and highly specialized, created and used with a particular end in mind.
The third and final type of ESP identified by Carter (1983) is English with specific topics. Carter notes that it is only here where emphasis shifts from purpose to topic. This type of ESP is uniquely concerned with anticipated future English needs of, for example, scientists requiring English for postgraduate reading studies, attending conferences or working in foreign institutions.
Types of English for Specific Purposes

- English as a Restricted Language
- English for academic and ocuppational purposses
a) English for Science and Technology (EST)
b) English for Business and Economics (EBE)
c) English for Social Studies (ESS)
Each of these subject areas is further divided into two branches: English for Academic Purposes (EAP) and English for Occupational Purposes (EOP)

- English with specific topics
USA had a stablish economic that allows to "support" other countries

USA started to be like the "bestest place to live" because of the work, the security
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