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Topic 13. Critical theory
Transcript of Topic 13. Critical theory
Activity topic 13
designed by Péter Puklus for Prezi
- Rationalization has a positive effect if it rationalizes communication, leading to domination-free communication, creating a form of emancipatory communication.
- We need a society where communication is free.
- The communication of ideas must avoid political, social or religious philosophies.
- They tried to created a process, in which it:
(i) acknowledges what is valuable,
(ii) critiques what is insufficient, and
(iii) obtain a better system to comprehend the era we are living.
- This theory poses to constantly criticize by differentiating between the analyze world (the normative) and the fact world (the given).
- Is constantly linking what is studied and what happens in reality.
- Was developed since 1923 in Germany.
- It was created by a group of neo Marxist known as Frankfurt School.
- They didn't agreed with Marx, because (i) of the monetary perspective, and (ii) the unsuccessful results of the Marxism applied in some countries.
Difference between the historical materialism and the critical theory
- Instead of only focusing on the
aspects of society, they focused mainly on the
(language and forms of comunication).
Critical Theory criticized...
Characteristics of the critical theory
- A subjective interpretation of reality. Give space and freedom to the subject.
(Marx conceived the subject as determined/condemn to his role in the financial sphere production).
- Criticize the forms of rationality that link science and technology.
- Recover interest in the dialect as an approach that implies talking about all reality
(by fixing a fragmented knowledge in different areas).
Understanding the Critical Theory
- Criticism and reason are very important.
- A continuous critique that seeks to distinguish the world examined (the rules) and the world of facts.
- This theory not only describes or analyzes what happen or is happening, they also criticizes the examined, the possible.
1) The workers are exploited by capitalism.
(The world of facts)
2) The workers organized to demanded better work conditions.
(the examine world)
3) The workers by a social revolution they liberated from the exploitation
(the examine world)
Analysis unit of the observation of the facts and the society)
Other contributions of the Critical Theory
1) To reveal the rational from the irrational.
2) To show the ways in which civilization alienates the individual through ideas of progress, democracy and equality
(when they are purely formal, they don't act in the daily experience of the people)
3) Analyze the mass culture (people learning through mass media like tv, movies, literature, advertising)
4) Consolidation of interdisciplinary work
(psychology, philosophy, sociology, history, economy).
5) Start analyzing the social phenomena from an interdisciplinary materialism perspective, combining reflective and empirical research
(knowing different social science fields are require to truly understand a social problem).
Habermas Vs Marx
kinds of relationship of the human being:
set of all entities.
Set of all interpersonal relationships.
Set of individual experiences.
Every time we engaged any type of communication these 3 worlds become part of a communication process.
Essentials concepts of the critical theory:
1) Should be directed at the totality of society in its historical specificity
(how it came to be at a specific point in time)
2) To improve the understanding of society by integrating all the major social sciences
(geography, economics, sociology, history, political science, anthropology and psychology).
Why and how it emerged?
1) In a paper without stripes, using your own words, and in a table you are going to explain to the critical theory, using at least the following information:
i) What is the critical theory
ii) Main representatives with their
iii) Main characteristics
iv) Main contributions
v) Postulates about men
vi) Postulates about society
vii) What does it proposes about the means of productions.
viii) According to this theory, how does the social interaction is created.