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Cinematography

Interactive Minds Production
by

Mira Thea Alvarez

on 17 January 2013

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Transcript of Cinematography

Director of Photography also called cinematographer

Camera Operator also called cameraman

First Assistant camera also called focus puller

Second Assistant camera also called clapper loader Personnel Cinematography Framing: Range of Vision on Framing

Ratio of Vision

Basic Principles of Photography / Rule of Thirds

Lights : Determined by Natural and Artificial 3pt Lightning Composition Cinematography Filters, such as diffusion filters or color-effect filters, are also widely used to enhance mood or dramatic effects.

With color film, this works very intuitively wherein a blue filter will cut down on the passage of red, orange and yellow light and create a blue tint on the film. In black-and-white photography, color filters are used somewhat counter intuitively; for instance a yellow filter, which cuts down on blue wavelengths of light, can be used to darken a daylight sky (by eliminating blue light from hitting the film, thus greatly underexposing the mostly blue sky), while not biasing most human flesh tone. Filters Cinematography Aside from the film gauge selection — 8 mm (amateur), 16 mm (semi-professional), 35 mm (professional) and 65 mm (epic photography, rarely used except in special event venues) — the cinematographer has a selection of stocks in reversal (which, when developed, create a positive image) and negative formats along with a wide range of film speeds (varying sensitivity to light) from ISO 50 (slow, least sensitive to light) to 800 (very fast, extremely sensitive to light) and differing response to color (low saturation, high saturation) and contrast (varying levels between pure black (no exposure) and pure white (complete overexposure). Aspects : Image sensor and Film Stock Cinematography In the infancy of motion pictures, the cinematographer was usually also the director and the person physically handling the camera. As the art form and technology evolved, a separation between director and camera operator emerged. With the advent of artificial lighting and faster (more light sensitive) film stocks, in addition to technological advancements in optics and new techniques such as color film and widescreen, the technical aspects of cinematography necessitated a specialist in that area.


Cinematography was key during the silent movie era - no sound apart from background music, no dialogue - the films depended on lighting, acting and set. The Cinematographer Cinematography It is also the combination of Zootrope and Camera Obscura created by the Lumiere Brothers in 1985 and distributed in the Philippines in 1986 by Mayer and ground Cinematography Cinematography is an art form of filmmaking. Although the exposing of images on light-sensitive elements dates back to the early 19th century, motion pictures demanded a new form of photography and new aesthetic techniques. Cinematography Cinematography The first special effects in the cinema were created while the film was being shot. These came to be known as "in-camera" effects. Later, optical and digital effects were developed so that editors and visual effects artists could more tightly control the process by manipulating the film in post-production. Special Effects Cinematography Lenses can be attached to the camera to give a certain look, feel, or effect by focus, color, etc.

Camera Movement
-Pan, tilt, dolly, track, crane
Camera Shot
-Long shot, Medium Shot, Full Shot, Close up Shot, Extreme Close Up shot
Camera Angling
-Wide Angle Shot, Low Angle Shot, High Angle Shot, Low-over the shoulder shot Lens Cinematography Advancements and adjustments to nearly all gauges of film created the "super" formats wherein the area of the film used to capture a single frame of an image is expanded, although the physical gauge of the film remains the same. Super 8 mm, Super 16 mm and Super 35 mm all utilize more of the overall film area for the image than their "regular" non-super counterparts.

The larger the film gauge, the higher the overall image resolution clarity and technical quality. Aspects : Image sensor and Film Stock Cinematography Cinematography can begin with rolls of film or a digital image sensor. Advancements in film emulsion and grain structure provided a wide range of available film stocks. The selection of a film stock was one of the first decisions made in preparing a typical 20th century film production. Aspects : Image sensor and Film Stock Cinematography The standard pattern for early film studios was provided by the studio which Georges Méliès had built in 1897. This had a glass roof and three glass walls constructed after the model of large studios for still photography, and it was fitted with thin cotton cloths that could be stretched below the roof to diffuse the direct ray of the sun on sunny days. The soft overall light without real shadows that this arrangement produced, and which also exists naturally on lightly overcast days, was to become the basis for film lighting in film studios for the next decade. Film Techniques Cinematography (from Greek: kinema "movements" and graphein "to record") is the art or science of motion picture photography.

It is the art or technique of movie photography, including both the shooting and development of the film. What is Cinematography?
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