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Grammar Presentation - Subjects and Verbs

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Ana Sofia Moreno-Mesa

on 6 February 2015

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Transcript of Grammar Presentation - Subjects and Verbs

Subjects and Verbs
Presented by Ana Sofia M., Anna S., Mad S., Cora S., and Flora W.
Definition: grammar, logic: a word, phrase or formal expression, about which something is predicated or stated in a sentence; for example, the cat in the sentence: The cat catches mice.
Subjects
Verbs
The rule: A singular subject takes a singular verb, and a plural subject takes a plural verb.
Subject-Verb Agreement
word that conveys
action or state of
a noun.
Spark
(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr
Basic
Infinitives
Gerund
"-ing"
Example
With article
With Adjective
"To" + (Verb)
Example
Types of Subjects
Ex. "Dogs pose."
Moods
Types of Verbs
3 Verb Categories
(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr
The dog poses.
Transitive
Intransitive
Distransitive
The
cute
dog poses.
Requires nouns (something must recieve action)
Does not require a direct object
Takes both a direct and indirect object
*Transitive and Intransitive verbs can be identified through their use in a sentence.
"To run is hard."
Finite
Non-finite
Use an infinitive and add a verb to correct this sentence:
"Walk across Chapin Lawn faster way to class."
Linking
Irregular
Participle
Gerund
"Getting up in the morning is hard."
1. What is the verb in this sentence?
The tasty spaghetti was eaten.
a.) Spaghetti
b.) eaten
c.) was
d.) tasty

2. When a verb is in gerund form, what will it begin or end with?
a.) -ing
b.) -ed
c.) "To" before the verb
d.) -s

3. Which one of these sentences uses an infinitive verb?
a.) I can't walk because I broke my leg
b.) At dinner, we will be able to eat
c.) She was so thrilled that she jumped up and down
d.) While he was sleeping, the pizza was delivered.

4. What is the subject in this sentence?
She hit him very hard.
a.) Hit
b.) Him
c.) Hard
d.) She
Quiz Time!!!!!!!!
Gerunds
Noun Clauses
Use a gerund and add a verb to correct this sentence:
"Walk across Chapin Lawn faster way to class."
"-ing"
"Whatever she's wearing on her head is staring at me."
Example
Who, whom, whose, which, that, if, whether, what, when, where, how, why, "-ever"
Can you form a noun clause with each of these subordinators?
Correct the sentence with a noun clause:
"Happens at Convocation stays there."
Can stand alone (main verb)
cannot stand alone
usually "to" verbs
"to be" verbs
Verb acting like an adjective
connects subject to verb
Usually deals with 5 senses
verb ending "ing"
acts as a noun
Indicative
Imperative
Statement or question
Direct, Order
He

arrived

at the party earlier than expected..
She

bought
some
candy
.
Grandpa
told

the children

a story.
The stove is hot.
Don't touch the stove.
I
watched
TV.
I
was
there earlier.
Running
is fun.
I would like

to improve

my skills.
The boy
looked
funny.
The
developed
cell did not survive.
Two singular verbs connected by
or
or
nor
require a singular verb.
Two singular verbs connected by
either/or
or
neither/nor
require a singular verb.
Even if a subject is separated from its verb by words such as
along with
or
as well as
, the subject and the verb should still agree.
Common Subject-Verb Agreement Errors
Collective nouns such as
team
or
staff
may be either singular or plural depending on the context.
The pronouns
each
,
everyone
,
every one
,
everybody
,
anyone
,
anybody
,
someone
and
somebody
are singular and require a singular verb.
Example: Everyone is at tea this afternoon.
Example: My mom or my dad is coming to see me during Family Weekend.
Example: The president, along with a gaggle of journalists, is expected to arrive on campus shortly.
Examples: The staff is in a meeting.
OR
The staff are in disagreement about the findings.
Example: Neither Jane nor Sally is here in class today.
Verb Tense
Recreates the reality of time in writing!
6 Basic verb tenses:
Simple Present: They walkPresent Perfect: They have walkedSimple Past: They walkedPast Perfect: They had walkedFuture: They will walkFuture Perfect: They will have walked
*Infinitives are verbs, and can act as nouns, adjectives, and adverbs.
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