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Cheyenne Indian Tribe

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by

Pauline Lasley

on 6 August 2014

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Transcript of Cheyenne Indian Tribe

Standout Members
Leaders
Dull Knife- Chief and representative of northern Cheyenne
Little Wolf-
Black Kettle
Warriors
Crazy Horse- Lead the Battle of Rosebud
White Leaf- Lead a hunting party
Roman Nose- Dog Soldier
Interesting Facts
Cheyenne Dog Soldiers were a group of Cheyenne warriors known to fight to the death to protect their people.
The Cheyenne often shared territory with the Sioux tribes and the Arapaho.
The Cheyenne were once a farming tribe until they were introduced to horses and then they were able to hunt buffalo
The women of the tribes often took up beading which was a common form of jewelry making.
The Cheyenne were very religious and ceremonial people. They performed sundances, smoked peace pipes, built houses specifically for ceremonies and recognized both special hats and arrows as being sacred.
The Cheyenne started teaching their kids the roles of parents at a young age. Girls would learn to cook, clean, and take of the house. Boys would learn to hunt, fish, and fight so that they would be able to provide for their family.
Tribal Contacts
The Cheyenne Indians were allied and often shared land with the Arapaho and the Sioux tribes. They lived in the same areas as the Blackfeet, the Crows, and the Flathead Indians.
Historical Events
Over 600 Cheyenne were killed in the Sand Creek Massacre
The Battle of Wichita River where 103 Cheyenne were killed on an indian reservation.
The Battle of Little Bighorn was an engagement between the Sioux and the Cheyenne and the United states seventh cavalry. It was started due to a report written that the Sioux and Cheyenne were hostile and because they were sitting on valuable land.
Where They Lived
The Cheyenne Indians lived in Colorado, Kansas, Wyoming, Montana, Oaklahoma, Nebraska, and South Dakota.
Cheyenne Indian Tribe
By: Pauline Lasley

"White" Contact
The Cheyenne fell victim to the Colorado Militia in the Indian Wars at the Sand Creek Massacre. Over 600 Cheyenne were killed by the militia.
In 1868 the Battle of Wichita River happened when United States Army Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer led the 7th Calvary to attack a band of peaceful Cheyenne who were living legally on a reservation. 103 Cheyenne were killed.
Timeline Summary
1700- Living in Minnesota River Valley
1800- Forced to move to Missouri River and North and South Dakota.
1819- Formed an alliance with the Sioux and fought the crow.
1825- divided into two and spread to the north and south of the United States
1849- Cholera epidemic amongst the Cheyenne
1851- Signed a treaty with the U.S. Cheyenne, Arapaho, Oglala, Brule Sioux, Crow, and Shoshone - 10,000 Indians were at the treaty negotiations. Cheyenne and Arapaho land was given covering most of Wyoming, Nebraska, Colorado and Kansas.
1864- November 29 the Sand Creek Massacre happened
1865- The Cheyenne retaliated against the U.S. for the Sand Creek Massacre and attacked the town of Julesburg.
1868- Treaty established a native american reservation in South Dakota that included the sacred Black Hills
1875- Gold is discovered in Black Hills and the U.S. tries to purchase the land, but the Sioux and Cheyenne had no intention of selling. All natives were ordered off the land and when they didn't comply the issue was given to the military.
1876- The Battle of Rosebud occurs. 1,300 American soldiers moved up the Bozeman Trail and attacked the Cheyenne. 11 Cheyenne warriors were killed, only 5 wounded. 57 American soldiers were killed and wounded.
1876- Battle of Little Bighorn took place on June 25 only 9 days after the Battle of Rosebud
1879- In attempt to force the Cheyenne into Oklahoma U.S. soldiers deprived them of food, water, and heat.
1844- Executive order creates Cheyenne Reservation in Montana.
1919 – In order to increase a tribal cattle herd, the Bureau of Indian Affairs started reducing their horse herd which had more than 15,000 horses in it. About 100 horses were killed each month, the owner would receive about $6.55 per hide.
1936 – The Northern Cheyenne approve a tribal constitution under the Indian Reorganization Act.
1963 – Northern Cheyenne received $4,200,000 settlement in the Court of Claims for lands taken from them by violation of the 1851 and 1868 Fort Laramie Treaties.
1972- The Northern Cheyenne turn down over 1.5 million dollars from Consolidation Coal in order to keep their land.
"Cheyenne Indian Fact Sheet." Facts for Kids: Cheyenne Indians (Cheyennes). N.p., 2014. Web. 03 Aug. 2014.
"Cheyenne Indian Facts." CHEYENNE INDIAN FACTS. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Aug. 2014.
"Cheyenne Indians - Crystalinks." Cheyenne Indians - Crystalinks. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Aug. 2014.
"Cheyenne Timeline." Preceden: Timeline Maker & Timeline Generator. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Aug. 2014.
Myers, J.J. "Sand Creek Massacre." History Net: Where History Comes Alive. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Aug. 2014.
"Northern Cheyenne Timeline." Northern Cheyenne Reservation Timeline Northern Cheyenne Tribe (n.d.): n. pag. 2010. Web. 5 Aug. 2014.
"Cheyenne Indian Chiefs and Leaders." Access Genealogy RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Aug. 2014.
"A Northern Cheyenne Called Roman Nose." (n.d.): n. pag. Http://www.kshs.org/publicat/history/1985autumn_criqui.pdf. Web. 6 Aug. 2014.

Works Cited
Migration Timeline
1673-1680: Missouri River
1680-1684: Minnesota River
1684-1700: Northern Minnesota
1700-1780: Southern North Dakota
1780-1806: Northern South Dakota
1806-1814: Eastern Wyoming
1814-1864: South-East Colorado
1820-1865: Western Kansas
1865-1869: North-West Oklahoma
Full transcript