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Transcript of Classroom Management
What Is Effective Classroom Management?
Examples of Strategies
T-Graph for Social Skills
What is Classroom Management?
Effective Classroom Management Works Best When Three Basic Principles Are Embedded:
Emphasize student expectations for behavior and learning rather than focusing only on problematic behavior and discipline problems
Support the learning environment by promoting active learning and student involvement and not just compliance with rules
Identify to students the behaviors that are an integral part of the instructional agenda
Classroom management has two distinct purposes: It not only seeks to establish and sustain an orderly environment so students can engage in meaningful academic learning, it also aims to enhance social and moral growth (Evertson & Weinstein, 2006).
What Is Classroom Management Made of?
Develop caring, supportive relationships with and among students
Organize and implement instructions in ways that optimize students' access to learning
Use group management methods to encourage student engagement with academic tasks
Promote development of student social skills and self-regulation
Use appropriate interventions to assist students who have behavior problems
Physical Environment: acoustics, seating arrangements, tidiness, equipment
Teacher Preparation & Lesson Presentation: related to teacher's voice, attitude, rapport, directions, transitions, and time management
Discipline: the process or acts of adult mentoring which provide appropriate guidance, learning, and modeling of expected social behaviors
Ignore nuisance behavior
Resist being reactive to inappropriate behavior
Point out the behaviors you want
Punctuate desirable behaviors when they occur
You must continue to talk about desirable behavior, reinforce desirable behavior, and model desirable behavior throughout the day
IF YOU WANT TO GET IT, YOU MUST TEACH IT
Discipline vs. Classroom Management
Misbehaving students go to the office
Taking away privileges
Using demerit systems
Emphasizing school rules at the start
Smooth transitions; hardly any spare time in between activities
Paying attention to the whole class
Carefully designing the classroom environment
Pacing activities effectively
"After 30 years of doing such work, I have concluded that classroom teaching... is perhaps the most complex, most challenging, and most demanding, subtle, nuanced, and frightening activity that our species has ever invented... The only time a physician could possibly encounter a situation of comparable complexity would be in the emergency room of a hospital during or after a natural disaster."
Lee Shulman, The Wisdom of Practice
What does classroom
management mean to you?
In one word
"If you were to walk into a classroom, what might you see or hear there (from the students as well as the teacher) that would cause you to think that you were in the presence of an expert? What would make you think, 'Oh, this is good; if I had a child this age, this is the class I would hope for.'"
- Charlotte Danielson
General classroom behavior
Beginning of school/class
Transitions and interruptions
Identify specific rules & procedures for your classroom
in the design
of rules & procedures
Effective Teacher Personalities
Where are you?
"The guiding principle for disciplinary interventions is that they should include a
Source: Classroom Management That Works
negative consequences for inappropriate behavior."
positive consequences for appropriate behavior and
"catch a student being good"
"concrete symbols of appropriate behavior"
"rewards for groups of students"
competition among classes
"making parents aware of positive behavior"
"to acknowledge and reinforce acceptable behavior"
behavior lesson plans
"subtle, proactive cues"
Finger to lips
"explicit and direct consequence
for negative behavior"
"Establish clear limits
...and an effective system to record these behaviors."
simple & easy
Appropriate Levels of
Flexible Learning Goals
Impact of Teacher Effectiveness
on Student Achievement
Source: Journal of Personnel Evaluation in Education (1997)
State appropriate behavior
Use of materials and equipment
Seat work & teacher-led activities
Examples of Strategies
Meet students at the door and welcome them
into the classroom each day
Zero Noise signal / Signal Word
Procedures and Strategies