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Classroom Management

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by

Echo Lee

on 5 August 2014

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Transcript of Classroom Management

Procedures and Strategies
What Is Effective Classroom Management?

Examples of Strategies

T-Graph for Social Skills
Flexible grouping
Strategic Planning


What is Classroom Management?
l
Effective Classroom Management Works Best When Three Basic Principles Are Embedded:
Emphasize student expectations for behavior and learning rather than focusing only on problematic behavior and discipline problems

Support the learning environment by promoting active learning and student involvement and not just compliance with rules

Identify to students the behaviors that are an integral part of the instructional agenda
Classroom management has two distinct purposes: It not only seeks to establish and sustain an orderly environment so students can engage in meaningful academic learning, it also aims to enhance social and moral growth (Evertson & Weinstein, 2006).
What Is Classroom Management Made of?
Develop caring, supportive relationships with and among students
Organize and implement instructions in ways that optimize students' access to learning
Use group management methods to encourage student engagement with academic tasks
Promote development of student social skills and self-regulation
Use appropriate interventions to assist students who have behavior problems
Physical Environment: acoustics, seating arrangements, tidiness, equipment

Teacher Preparation & Lesson Presentation: related to teacher's voice, attitude, rapport, directions, transitions, and time management
Discipline: the process or acts of adult mentoring which provide appropriate guidance, learning, and modeling of expected social behaviors
Ignore nuisance behavior

Resist being reactive to inappropriate behavior
Point out the behaviors you want

Punctuate desirable behaviors when they occur

You must continue to talk about desirable behavior, reinforce desirable behavior, and model desirable behavior throughout the day

IF YOU WANT TO GET IT, YOU MUST TEACH IT
Discipline vs. Classroom Management
Discipline
In-school suspensions

Misbehaving students go to the office

Contacting parents

Taking away privileges

Using demerit systems
Classroom Management
Emphasizing school rules at the start

Smooth transitions; hardly any spare time in between activities

Paying attention to the whole class

Carefully designing the classroom environment

Pacing activities effectively
"After 30 years of doing such work, I have concluded that classroom teaching... is perhaps the most complex, most challenging, and most demanding, subtle, nuanced, and frightening activity that our species has ever invented... The only time a physician could possibly encounter a situation of comparable complexity would be in the emergency room of a hospital during or after a natural disaster."

Lee Shulman, The Wisdom of Practice
What does classroom
management mean to you?
In one word
"If you were to walk into a classroom, what might you see or hear there (from the students as well as the teacher) that would cause you to think that you were in the presence of an expert? What would make you think, 'Oh, this is good; if I had a child this age, this is the class I would hope for.'"
- Charlotte Danielson

General classroom behavior
Beginning of school/class
Transitions and interruptions
Identify specific rules & procedures for your classroom
in the design
of rules & procedures
buy-in
consensus
discussion
application
Involve students
Chaotic
Class
Effective Teacher Personalities
Where are you?
?
"The Dictator"
Disciplinary Interventions
"The guiding principle for disciplinary interventions is that they should include a
healthy balance
between...
Source: Classroom Management That Works
negative consequences for inappropriate behavior."
positive consequences for appropriate behavior and
Appropriate Behavior

Positive Consequences
=
Praise
Thumbs up
"catch a student being good"
Teacher Reaction
Positive
Tangible Recognition
"concrete symbols of appropriate behavior"
Group Contingency
"rewards for groups of students"
competition among classes
extrinsic rewards
academic
awards
Home Contingency
Positive phone
call
Home visit
Positive note
"making parents aware of positive behavior"
"to acknowledge and reinforce acceptable behavior"
P.B.S
school store
school-wide expectations
positive referrals
positive
teacher-student interactions
behavior lesson plans
Inappropriate
Behavior

Negative Consequences
=
=
Teacher Reaction
"subtle, proactive cues"
Eye contact
Proximity
Finger to lips
Shaking head
Non-verbal cues
Verbal cues
Direct Cost
"explicit and direct consequence
for negative behavior"
Group Contingency
Home Contingency
Peer pressure
Phone calls
Letters/notes
Report cards
Home visits
"Establish clear limits

...and an effective system to record these behaviors."
defined limits

with
defined consequences
simple & easy
documentation
check marks
seating chart
digital records
Cooperation
Appropriate Levels of
Flexible Learning Goals
Personal
Interest
in
Students
Equitable
and
Positive
Classroom
Behaviors
Responding
Appropriately to
Incorrect Answers
Impact of Teacher Effectiveness
on Student Achievement
Source: Journal of Personnel Evaluation in Education (1997)
State appropriate behavior
Stimulus cueing
Use of materials and equipment
Group work
Seat work & teacher-led activities

Examples of Strategies
Threes standards
Meet students at the door and welcome them
into the classroom each day
Zero Noise signal / Signal Word
Procedures and Strategies
Full transcript