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Hep. B

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sarah araujo

on 9 May 2013

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Transcript of Hep. B

Hepatitis B By: Veda M, Sarah A &
Breanne J Many people with hepatitis B do not know they have it, because they do not have symptoms. If you do have symptoms, you may just feel like you have the flu. Some of the symptoms include;
~ Feeling very tired.
~ Mild fever.
~ headache
~ Not wanting to eat.
~ Feeling sick to your stomach or vomiting.
~ Belly pain.
~ diarrhea or constipation.
~ Muscle aches and joint pain.
~ Skin rash
~ Yellowish eyes and skin (jaundice). Hepatitis B is a virus that infects the liver. The two types of Hep. B are acute and chronic. Short term (acute) Hep. B can eventually go away but long term (chronic) Hep. B can, overtime, damage your liver. Thanks For Watching! Jaundice usually appears only after other symptoms have started to go away. Most people with chronic hepatitis B have no symptoms. How Do You Cure Hep. B? The only cure known for Hep. B is time. There
are medicines that can help fight the virus but your body does a great job with fending it off already. In most cases, hepatitis B goes away
on its own, if its acute. You can relieve your symptoms at home by resting, eating healthy foods, drinking plenty of water, and avoiding alcohol and drugs. How Is Hep. B Tested For? Blood tests are used to determine if you have contracted Hep. B. A simple blood test can
tell your doctor if you have the hepatitis B
virus now or if you had it in the past.
Your doctor also may be able to tell if you
have had the vaccine to prevent the virus through the blood test. What Are The Symptoms? What is Hepatitis B? How do you get Hep. B? How do I Prevent Hep. B? Hepatitis B is contracted
through the direct contact of
bodily fluids and infected blood of an
infected person. You may get hepatitis
B if you: ~ Have sex with an infected person
without using a condom.
~ Share needles (used for injecting drugs) with
an infected person.
~ Get a tattoo or piercing with tools that were not cleaned well.
~ Share personal items like razors or toothbrushes with an infected person. A mother who has the virus can
pass it to her baby during delivery.
You cannot get hepatitis B from
casual contact such as hugging,
kissing, sneezing, coughing, or
sharing food or
drinks. There are many ways you can prevent Hep. B, here are some ways:

~ Use a condom when you have sex

~ Do not share needles

~ Do not share toothbrushes or razors

~ Wear latex gloves if you have to touch blood

~ The number one prevention, get the Hep. B vaccination. The Hep. B vaccine is up to 95%
effective against HBV infection
but only if you received all the shots in the vaccination series.
The vaccine will provide
protection against HBV
infection for up to 20
years. If you contract the virus before
you have attained all of the shots
in the vaccination series, you can
be given a dose of hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) soon
afterward. Most of the time, HBIG will prevent infection until the vaccine takes effect. Interesting
Facts 1. Despite there being
a vaccine, Hepatitis B
Virus (HBV) infection kills
one person every 30-45
seconds. 2. Most of the people who are
infected are unaware of
their infection and this has
resulted in the silent HBV
infection becoming one of
the biggest threats to the
health of the world. 3. HBV is about 10
times more prevalent
than HIV infection
worldwide. HIV is more
prevalent in Africa;
HPV is more prevalent
in Asia. 4. The general perception is
that HIV virus is very
infectious and contagious
however Hepatitis B Virus is
100 times more infectious
than HIV. 5. If not properly monitored or
treated HBV infection can kill
25% of the infected people due
to liver cancer or liver failure
from cirrhosis. 6. Hepatitis C is caused by
another lethal virus like HBV
and infects about 180 million
people worldwide. There is no
cure from this infection and
there is no vaccine that has
been developed. 7. HBV and Hepatitis C
together have infected
530 million of the 7
billion people worldwide. 8. Pregnant women who have
hepatitis B infection or those
who are carriers of hepatitis B
virus can pass this infection to
their babies when they are born. 9. The hepatitis B vaccine is very
safe as it has no human blood or
blood products and it is
produced by genetic
re-engineering process. It usually
requires three injections for
protection over a six months
period. 10. Individuals with high risk of infection with HBV include - illegal injection of drugs, haemophiliacs, homosexual and bisexual males, sexually active heterosexual persons with multiple partners, prisoners, patients on haemodialysis, health care staff who have needle stick injury and people who indulge in body piercing and tattooing. Certain world population have a higher incidence and include - Alaskan Eskimos, Pacific Islanders, Haitian and Indo-Chinese immigrants. Travellers to these regions should take all the precautions. What Type of a Virus Is It? It is a Viral virus.
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