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VERBS TENSES IN ENGLISH
Transcript of VERBS TENSES IN ENGLISH
I cooked (yesterday).
I will cook (tomorrow).
How many verb tenses are in English?
Tenses can be clear-cut
Some Verb Tenses on a Timeline
The most commonly used verb tenses are the simple tenses and the progressive tenses.
Here is a view of those:
Present progressive Future progressive
Simple present Simple Future
Indicates an action that has been completed before now but that affects the current situation.
have + past participle
Sometimes tenses can be more complicated
Dr. Grace del Valle
VERBS TENSES IN ENGLISH
to be + present participle (-ing)
Refers to what is happening right NOW
will + be + participle
Indicates an action in the future that is longer than another action in the future.
Subject + will + verb
Action that will take place in the future with no real connection to the current time.
Subject + verb in past tense
Indicates a past action unrelated to current time.
Subject + verb
Indicates something usually and habitually done.
I am watching TV.
He is eating a hamburger.
You are learning verbs tenses.
They are playing video games.
What are you doing?
We eat out.
You drive your car.
Can you do this?
1. Habits and repeated actions
2. Permanent situations
3. Likes and opinions
4. General truths
1. To express incomplete action
2. Two or more actions at the same time
3. Action at a given time
USES FOR PAST PROGRESSIVE
SIMPLE PRESENT USES
1) Actions happening at the moment of speaking
Peter is reading a book now.
2) Fixed plan in the near future
She is going to Basel on Saturday.
3) Temporary actions
His father is working in Rome this month.
4) Actions happening around the moment of speaking (longer actions)
My friend is preparing for his exams.
More and more people are using their computers to listen to music.
6) Repeated actions which are irritating to the speaker (with always, constantly, forever)
Andrew is always coming late.
PRESENT PROGRESSIVE USES
to be (past tense) + participle (-ing)
Indicates continuing action, something that was happening, going on, at some point in the past.
I was reading.
They were studying.
He was dancing.
You were busy.
What were you doing?
1. The event is in the past
2. The event is completely finished
3. We say (or understand) the time and/or place of the event
SIMPLE PAST USES
What did you do today?
He will be studying.
I will be reading.
You will be watching TV.
What will you be doing?
FUTURE PROGRESSIVE USES
Also known as Future Continuous
A continuous action in the future which is interrupted by a time or by another action.
I’'ll be waiting when you arrive.
At eight o’clock, I’'ll be eating dinner.
2. A complete action in the future that will happen in the normal course of events.
The Government will be making a statement later.
3. To make a guess about the present.
My mother will be working now (= I think she is working now, but I’'m not completely certain).
I will watch TV.
He will read.
You will talk.
1. Express a voluntary action
2. Express a promise
3. Express a prediction
4. To state a fact
SIMPLE FUTURE USES
Also know as present continiuous
Also known as past continuous!
Present Perfect Progressive
An action that stated in the past and continues in the present.
PRESENT PERFECT USES
1. To describe an experience.
2. To describe change that happened over time. (You have grown.)
3. Non-specific accomplishments.
4. Action that we are still waiting to happen.
5. Something that happened before but the specific time is not important.
Have you ever?
Use of Present Perfect Progressive Continuous)
1. puts emphasis on the duration or course of an action (not the result)
Example: She has been writing for two hours.
2. action that recently stopped or is still going on
Example: I have been living here since 2001.
3. finished action that influenced the present
Example: I have been working all afternoon.
4. actions that started in the past and continue in the present
We have been singing for years.
5. actions that started in the past but not important exactly when
She has been studying a lot lately.
The PAST PERFECT PROGRESSIVE TENSE indicates a continuous action that was completed at some point in the past.
PAST PERFECT PROGRESSIVE
1. action taking place before a certain time in the past
2. sometimes interchangeable with past perfect simple
3. puts emphasis on the course or duration of an action
FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS/PROGRESSIVE
The FUTURE PERFECT PROGRESSIVE TENSE indicates a continuous action that will be completed at some point in the future. This tense is formed with the modal "WILL" plus the modal "HAVE" plus "BEEN" plus the present participle of the verb (with an -ing ending)
Banquet at 6.
Bring a dish to share
Bring your family.
Review verb tenses!