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Transcript of Constitution
The Preamble is the opening paragragh.It defines the broad purposes of the Republican Government.It starts with the phrase "We the people."It shows that the power is given to the people not to the states."Form a more perfect Union."This was to ensure the cooperation among the states."Establish Justice."To create a system of government based on their fair laws that are apply equally to all people."Ensure domestic tranquility."The government is to ensure the peace and order."Provide for the common defense."The government is to protect the nation against foreign enemies."Promote the general welfare."To ensure the well being of the citizens."Promote general welfare."The framers hoped the government would ensure the well being of the citizens."secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity."Guarantee freedom for americans, then and in the future.
Article 1 Establishes the legislative branch
Article one sets up congress as the lawmaking body in the government.It describes the chambers of congress the Senate and the House of Representatives and the election, terms, and qualifications of their members.It sets guidelines for the rules and procedures in each chamber.This is the longest article in the constitution.This article reflects in the founders in the importance of the legislature in a representative democracy.section 8 of article one lays out the power granted to congress.The powers are enumerated powers and implied powers.Enumerated powers are those listed in the Constitution such as the power to collect taxes,coin money,and declare war.implied powers are those that the legislature can claim as part of the lawmaking responsibility.congress can make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying out its duties.It also has the suspension of Habeas corpus and the granting title of nobility.Habeas corpus is the right of accused persons to be brought before a judge to hear the charges against them.
Article 2 Establishes the Executive
The executive branch is lead by the president and the vice president.As it does for members of congress,the constitution describes the election,terms of office, and the qualification of these executive officers.It defines the powers of the president,which includes the power to command the armed forces,to make treaties,and to appoint other executive officials.
Article 3 Establishes the Executive Branch
This article creates the Supreme court,the highest court in the land,while leaving congress to creating the lower courts.it defines the jurisdiction of the federal courts,specifying the types of cases that can be tried.It also guarantees the right to trial by jury in criminal cases and defines the crime of treason.
Article 4 Concerns Relationships Among the States
It has four sections.The first section is "Full faith and Credit" each state must honor the laws and court decisions of other states."Treatment of Citizens" no state may discriminate against the residents of another state.They must treat them as they treat their own residents.States must return suspected criminals to the states in which they are wanted."New states and Territories."Only congress can authorize the creation of new states.Congress also has the power over territories and other jurisdictions of the United states."Protection of States."The national government guarantees each state a republican form of government.They also promise to protect states from outside attack and if requested,to help states put down internal rebellions.
Article 5 Describes the Amendments process
Article 5 says ways the amendments can be be proposed and ratified.
Article 6 Makes the Constitution the Supreme Law of the Land
This article states that the national government agrees to pay all debts that were incurred under the articles of confederation.This was important to ensure support for the new government.It states that the constitution is the "Supreme Law of Land."The section known as the Supremacy Clause,means that the federal law supersedes all the state and local laws.It demands that all federal and state officials must take an oath swearing their allegiance to the constitution.A religious standard can not be a qualification for holding office.
Article 7 explains the ratification process
This article demands that the constitution would not take affect until ratified by at least nine states.
The first amendment guarantees the five basic freedoms those basic rights are(Religion,speech,press,assembly,and petition.)
Right to bear arms
This amendment protects the right to bear arms(own firearms)and form state militias.The national and state governments,however,claim the right to regulate firearms.
Quartering of soldiers
This amendment bans the quartering of troops in private homes during peace time.This was a key concern in the 1700s but has little relevance today.
search and seizure
Rights of the accused
Right to a fair trial
bail and punishment
Rights retained by the people
The police cant and other authorities cant search or seize property or people without a just cause.
This amendment "outlines the right to due process of law and other legal protections.This amendment also covers various rights of people accused of crimes.This amendment also covers the eminent domain which prevents the government from taking over your property without compensating you appropriately.
This amendment guarantees the right to a public and speedy trial by a jury in criminal cases.The accused has rights like the right to pick a witness and to have an attorney.
Guarantees the right to a jury in all civil cases.An example of a civil case would be a lawsuit.
This amendment bans excessive bail and punishment.The courts can not force unreasonable bail,fines,or cruel and unusual punishment.
"Guarantees other rights not listed in the constitution or Bill of rights.
Tenth amendment States' rights
"Reserves powers for the states and the people that are not specifically given to the national government.
Eleventh amendment (1795)
"Limited federal court jurisdiction over lawsuits involving states."
Twelfth amendment (1804)
"Required separate electoral college ballots for the president and vice president."
Thirteenth amendment (1865)
"Banned slavery and involuntary service"
Fourteenth amendment (1868)
"Defined citizenship and prohibited states from denying due process,equal protection, and other basic rights to citizens."
Fifteenth amendment (1870)
"Extended voting rights to male citizens of all races."
Sixteenth amendment (1913)
"Gave congress the power to levy and collect taxes on incomes."
Seventeenth amendment (1913)
"Called for the direct election of the senators by the voters."
eighteenth amendment (1919)
"Empowered the federal government to prohibit the sale of alcohol."
Nineteenth amendment (1920)
"Extended the right to vote to women"
Twentieth amendment (1933)
"Changed the date when the president,vice president,and members of the congress take office."
Twenty-first amendment (1933)
"Repealed the highly unpopular 18th amendment (prohibition)
Twenty-Second amendment (1951)
"Limited the president to two full terms or no more than 10 years in office."
Twenty-third amendment (1961)
"Granted voting rights in presidential elections to the residents of the district of Columbia."
Twenty-fourth amendment (1964)
"Banned poll taxes,or fees imposed on voters."
Twenty-fifth amendment (1967)
"Provided for the succession in case of the presidents death."
Twenty-sixth amendment (1971)
"Lowered the voting age from 21-18."
Twenty-seventh amendment (1992)
"Limited the power of congress to raise members' pay."