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Chapter 6/7 Outliers
Transcript of Chapter 6/7 Outliers
Nor’easter on the East Coast causing fog and high winds
Caused delays 3 times for 1 hour and 15 minutes
Communication problems between pilot and Air Traffic Control (ATC)
Pilot used a speech to talk to ATC by using mitigated speech to down play what was happening
Cultural legacies “persist, generation after generation, virtually intact...and they play such a role in directing attitudes and behavior that we cannot make sense of our world without them.” - Gladwell
Chapter 6: Harlan, Kentucky In this chapter Gladwell narrates a story set in the late 19th century.
Gladwell points out that there is not much reasoning behind the violence, yet there were similar feuds in settlements across the Appalachian mountains.
Sociologists blame "a culture of horror", lacking any more explanation.
Suggesting the men growing up herding livestock became aggressive and centered on their reputations.
Their livelihood combined with their “culture of horror” caused the men to fight for their honor.
The combination of the two factors made the men more likely to find killing over personal insults and other minor issues In a pschological experiment in the 1990s Choen and Nisbett observed a huge difference in the reacion of wealthy educated Northern and Southern men's reaction to name calling. Southern: violent
Nothern: hardly noticed
Outliers Chapter 6 and 7: Cultural Legacies Proved that Cultural legacies are powerful and presistent, outlasting social, economic and demographic changes. Chapter 7: The Ethnic Theory of Plane Crashes Airplane crash of flight 801
Flight from Korean Air in Kimpo to Guam
Approaching Guam there was bad weather and the pilots had difficulty seeing the runway
The pilots attempted to correct their mistake and pull up but it was to late and the plane hit Mimitz Hill and burst into flames
228 out of 254 people died on site.
Avianca Flight 052 The author compares flight 801 to flight 052
This crash was due to the airplane running out of gas. (“Fuel exhaustion.”)
Has had many problems before, with multiple plane crashes
Between 1988 and 1998 the loss rate for Korean air was 4.79 million departures
Korean Air was seen as an outlier because it has the reputation as the worst airport
With the help of David Greenberg they were able to transform themselves into one of the best.
Korean Air adjusted the culture of the pilots as it was causing to many errors.
Americanized the language
Ex: “The plane is flying light.” vs “We are dangerously low on fuel.”
Lauren Wagner A group of poor British immigrants settled in southeastern Kentucky.
Two of the families had a very violent and well known feud changing the way the settlement functioned.
Section closes with a mother telling her son to shut his mouth and die upon hearing her son screaming because of his gun wound
This draws attention to the change in family roles and expectations due to cultural disruptions.
Gladwell, Malcolm. "6-7." Outliers: the Story of Success. New York: Little, Brown and, 2008. Print.