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Sexual Assualt

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by

Sarah F

on 18 October 2013

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Transcript of Sexual Assualt

Sexual
Harassment
Sexual
Assault

Rape
The definition...
Rape is:
The unlawful compelling of a person through physical force or duress to have sexual intercourse.
About...
An act of physical and sexual violence done to gain power and control

80% of rapes involve non-physical force; just the verbal threat of injury or threat using a weapon -> submission

No bruises or physical injury -> no trace

71% of rapes are planned by trapping victim

11% of rapes are partially planned -> during burglaries

Most rapes happen in victims home

6/100 rapes are reported

80% of assailants are friends and family of the victim

60% of sexual abuse/assault victims are under the age of 17
Types of rape:
Marital rape
Acquaintance rape
Stranger rape
Gang rape
Statutory rape
Submissive rape
Drug- facilitated rape

Marital/ Spousal Rape:
spouse forces sex from partner
commonly found in marriages with abuse
Acquaintance Rape:
relationship between victim and assailant(s)
friend, family member, class mate etc..
Stranger rape:
most accepted type of rape
victim does not know assailant
usually in conjunction of another crime -> robbery, home break-in
random act of violence
Gang rape:
group of assailants
most misunderstand and under reported rape-> brutal and dehumanizing
dehumanizing the victim by forcing he/she to participate in embarrassing sexual acts
Statutory rape:
having sex with someone who is considered a minor
lacks "legal capacity" to consent
Submissive rape:
unrecognized and lest talked about rapes
victims go into survival mode
usually "mentally checks out" from fear
victim doesn't know the capabilities of the rapist (killing, harming, etc..)-> leads to nothing done
if it's with someone you know:
their word against yours
may have consented to sex before (ex boyfriend)
rarely reported -> no one would believe them
Drug- facilitated rape:
when an assailant drugs the victim
can happen anywhere -> typical clubs, house parties or restaurants
could be anyone -> friend, family, stranger
rarely reported -> victim doesn't remember right away
How to defend yourself:
be aware of your surroundings at all times
don't go anywhere suspicious alone
carry pepper spray, hairspray, anything for protection
scream, yell and try to defend yourself
if a man attacks you, hit them in their "soft spot"
always follow your instincts -> it's better to assume your being followed then get attacked
Interesting facts:
A group of rapists and date rapists in prison were interviewed on what they look for in a potential victim and here are some interesting facts...
Incest
The definition...
Incest is:
Sexual relations between people classed as being too closely related to marry each other.

The crime of having sexual intercourse with a parent, child, sibling, or grandchild.
Why incest is rarely reported...
The victim is convinced it's a normal thing
Victim could be afraid of the outcome if they tell anyone
The abuser could have threatened the victim
The victim could care for the abuser
Afraid of how people will react
The victim will be to blame; not the abuser
Case Study
Signs of Sexual Abuse
The definition...
The act of forcing unwanted sexual activity by one person on another, as by the use of threats or coercion.
Types of Sexual Abuse
Child abuse
Teenager abuse
Adult abuse

There are many types of sexual abuse and most share the same signs and symptoms

General Signs of Sexual Abuse
NOTE:
Sexual Harassment at the Workplace
Sexual Assault
vs
Sexual Harassment
Sexual assault involves touching without consent
It is also most of a governmental term
Sexual harassment is a general term that includes inappropriate sexual comment or touching
This is used in a workplace
Sexual Assault is defined as an assault of a sexual nature that violates the sexual integrity of the victim.
It is a general term used to cover a range of crimes, including:
Rape
Stalking & Sexual Harassment
Incest
Abuse
Sexual Assault for Males
Sexual assault can also happen anywhere. One of the more common places is the workplace.

What to do to
Discourage...
Be professional
Be polite but not too friendly
Don’t give details of social and private life
Don’t be alone with the person
If out to dinner make sure it’s known that it is business and not pleasure
Don’t ask or take for favours because it will be asked in return
Keep conversations work related
Tell person about any discomforts and ask them to stop

Sexual Assault: What & Where?
What to Do if They Don’t Stop
Don’t accept harassment
Make sure the harasser knows that you are uncomfortable
If it does not stop than write a letter to harasser stating that if the act does not stop legal action will occur
Report to management (or union rep)
Ask other co-workers to see if you are the only one or if they have seen the harassment
If none of the above work go seek legal help


Statistics
10% of women between the ages of 18-24 stated they have experienced sexual harassment.
39% of reports were from their supervisor or manager.
13% reports are from clients
For every 100 harassment only 6 are reported
Older aged women and men are less likely to receive sexual harassment

Sexual Harassment
Child Sexual Abuse
Sexual harassment is any unwanted and unwelcome behaviour about sex or gender that interferes with a person’s life and makes him/her feel uncomfortable.
It is not the behaviour a person likes or wants from a peer.
Some examples are:
rude jokes, sexual remarks, spreading rumors
sexual put downs
cat calls, rating appearance, whistling
insults about sexual orientation
bragging about sexual relations
any forced sexual contact (touching, patting, grabbing, kissing)

Stalking
What is Child Abuse?
Child abuse is an act, or failure to act on the part of a parent or caregiver that results in the death, serious, physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse, or exploitation of a child, which places the child on an imminent risk of serious harm

Stalking
Stalking is a form of criminal harassment that can lead to sexual assault. It can be experienced by both men and women and is used to frighten, threaten and control a victim.
It is important to watch for signs that someone could be stalking you. If this is the case, the police should be notified.


Child Abuse
There are many different kinds of child abuse:
1. Physical Abuse
2. Sexual Abuse
3. Emotional Abuse
4. Neglect

Signs of Sexual Abuse
PHYSICAL INDICATORS
Fatigue
Cuts, bruises
Unusual acts of itching in genital areas
Weight change
Difficulty sitting or walking
Stained or bloody underwear
Transmitted diseases
pregnancy

BEHAVIOURAL INDICATORS
Signs of Stalking
Young

Sad, cries
Short attention span
Anxious
Change in appetite
Inappropriate drawings
Fear of going home
Becomes quiet
Poor self-concept
Dependent
Sleep disturbances

Older

No interest in friends
Fearful of touches
Inappropriate clothing
Suicides
Drug and alcohol
Little trust in others
Truancy (running away)
Increase in sexual activities
Needs constant relationships
Hostile towards authority

Repeated telephone calls, letters or e-mails.
Sending unwanted gifts (e.g. flowers)
Showing up uninvited at places.
Stealing mail.
Following, watching.
Threatening harm to the person being stalked, family or friends.
Vandalizing the target's car and/or home.
Physical and/or sexual assault.
Kidnapping, holding hostage.


Statistics
There are 7 kinds of sexual abuse
Fondling 68%
Sexual activities 21%
Attempted sexual activities 14%
Exposure 12%
Harassment 4%

1 in 4 girls and 1 in 6 boys is sexual abused by the age of 18
10% are preschoolers
85-90% of offenders know the child they abused
35% involve family members
50% get assaulted at home or the home of the offender

Canadian study 1998 states that
10% of maltreatment children were also children who were sexually abused
80% of female prisoners were victims of child physical or sexual abuse
21-36% of sexually abused children don’t show signs

Law
There is always a consequence to what you do:
Sexual interference
- imprisonment 10 years or less
Sexual touching
- imprisonment 10 years or less
Incest-
14 years or less

True or False Game
Case Study
True or False?
Men can be sexually assaulted.
Sex crimes are crimes of passion or desire.
When a woman says “no” she really means “maybe” or “yes”.
Victims who have been sexually assaulted may be very calm and controlled.
If a person willingly goes to someone’s room or house or goes to a bar, she/he assumes the risk of sexual assault. The perpetrator can’t be blamed for anything that happens.
False
Unless a child/person is brutally raped, there is usually not enough evidence to indicate the child/person was raped.

Usually bodies heal quickly, especially children's, so if not caught in time don't blame yourself
Physical Signs
Soreness around the genitals
Sexually transmitted diseases
Pregnancy
Torn, stained or bloody underclothing
Bruising
Depression
Fear
Anxiety
Loss of sleep
Unexpected or unexplained change in behaviour
Emotional Signs
True
False
False
True
False
MEDIA
Media's influence
Media is one of the most effective ways of communicating and reflecting social norms. Unfortunately, when it comes to sexual violence, mainstream media is guilty of promoting ideas and behaviors that sustain a rape-prone culture. Whether it’s confusing violence with passion, seeing women purely as sex objects, or suggesting that sex drive is an out-of-control animal force, TV shows and movies consistently excuse and justify sexual violence.
Types of Media
Movies
Internet
Newspaper
Video Games
Advertisements
Media's influence
Sexual violence is often treated with humor. By approaching sexual violence with such a light attitude, The media implies that the issue is not one that deserves respect or attention.
Men and Sexual Violence
Men as victims
About 14% of reported rapes involve men or boys, and that 1 in 6 reported sexual assaults is against a boy and 1 in 25 reported sexual assaults is against a man . As with male sexual violence against women, sexual violence against men is motivated by the desire to dominate and use sex as a weapon against the victim. The majority of the perpetrators of sexual violence against men are white, heterosexual men .
Effects on men
Sense of self and concept of "reality" are disrupted.
Profound anxiety, depression, fearfulness.
Concern about sexual orientation.
Development of phobias related to the assault setting.
Fear of the worst happening and having a sense of a shortened future.

Withdrawal from interpersonal contact and a heightened sense of alienation.
Stress-induced reactions (problems sleeping, increased startle response, being unable to relax).
Psychological outcomes can be severe for men because men are socialized to believe that they are immune to sexual assault and because societal reactions to these assaults can be more isolating.
Heterosexual Vs Homosexual Male Responses
Heterosexual
Homosexual
May experience a fear that the assault will make them gay.
May feel that they are “less of a man.”
May feel the crime is “punishment” for their sexual orientation.
May worry that the assault affected their sexual orientation.
May fear they were targeted because they are gay. This fear may lead to withdrawal from the community.
May develop self-loathing related to their sexual orientation.
By:

Sarah Fairbairn
Sarah Grondin
Alita Colautti
Josh Garvey
The End
Media
Full transcript