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Literary Terms

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by

Elizabeth Moreno

on 29 April 2014

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Transcript of Literary Terms

Literary Terms
Isocolon
Def:

A rhetorical term in which a sentence is composed by two or more clauses of similar lengths.


Anaphora
Def.

The repetition of the same word at the beginning of several clauses or verses.
Literary Terms are...
*
techniques writers use to engage their readers beyond the literal meaning of the text.

Ex.
An example of Juxtaposition would be pairing an elephant to a mouse.The elephants large size in comparison to the mouse's small size plays up to the fact that the elephant is large and the mouse is small.

Imagery
Irony


Loose Sentence
Metonymy
Litote
Syntax
Jargon
Chiasmus
Zeugma
Def:

Is also known as a cumulative sentence that begins with a main clause that is followed by phrases and/or clauses that modify the main clause.

*
The name differs when there are two clauses within the sentence which is called a bicolon, three clauses which is called a tricolon, or four clause which is called a tetracolon
Ex:
The bigger they are, the harder they fall.
Purpose:
To create rhythms within sentences to reinforce the writers claim
Ex:

I could tell my mother was upset from her tapping foot and the sandal in her hand.
Purpose:

To state the main idea at the beginning of the sentence, leaving the remaining details at the end.
*
Literary devices are found in all types of writing
Characterization
Hyperbole
Motif
Metaphor
Oxymoron
Personification
Rhyme
Stanza
Onomatopoeia
Def:

device in which 2 or more clauses are balanced against each other by the reversal of their structures
Ex.

"Never let a fool kiss you or let a kiss fool you"
Purpose:

to create an artistic effect to lay emphasis on what the writer wants to communicate.
Def:

Figure of speech in which a verb or adjective applies to more than one noun, blending together different ideas grammatically and logically
Ex.

"John lost his coat and his temper"
Purpose:
produces a unique artist effect making literary works more interesting and effective.
Definition:

The use of figurative language to represent objects, actions and ideas in a way that it appeals to our physical senses.
Examples:
"It was dark and dim in the forest." – The words “dark” and “dim” are visual images.

Juxtaposition
Definition:

a figure of speech in which words are used in such a way that their intended meaning is different from the actual meaning of the words. It may also be a situation that may end up in quite a different way than what is generally anticipated.
Purpose:
Makes a work of literature more intriguing and forces the readers to use their imagination and comprehend the underlying meanings of the texts.
As soft as concrete
Clear as Mud
The name of Britain's biggest dog is "tiny",
Examples:
Definition:
the location of one thing adjacent to or juxtaposed with another to create an effect,reveal an attitude,or accomplish some other purpose.
Purpose:

the soul purpose of juxtaposition is not to play with your brain because it's a big word, it's meant to put things that are not similar next to each other.
Def:
Specialized or technical language
of a trade,profession
Ex:
The jargon used in the internet/texts includes such favorites at TTYL(talk to You later),BFF(Best Friend Forever),BTW(By the way) and, everyone's favorite LOL( which strangely means laughing out loud).
Purpose:

Well what purpose does
jargon serve? Well jargon is an
easier way to communicate
with others in a specific area.
Purpose:

The purpose of a litote is to add emphasis to an idea rather than decrease that ideas importance.
Definition
:is a figure of speech that emphasizes its subject by conscious understatement.
Ex:

"The ice cream was not too bad" or "New York is not an ordinary city".
Definition:

is the way words are put together to form phrases, clauses and sentences.
Purpose:

The purpose of syntax is to be there to make communication more clear without confusion.As well as creating good sentence structure
Ex:

"Give me liberty or give me death!" - Patrick Henry
Asyndeton
Definition:

a syntactical structure in which conjunctions are omitted.
Purpose:

The purpose of asyndeton is to speed up the rhythm of a speech.
Ex:

There are two types of asyndeton.
-One type of asyndeton is used between words, phrases and a sentence. As seen in “Are all thy conquests, glories, triumphs, spoils,
Shrunk to this little measure?”
(Julius Caesar, Act 3, Scene 1 by William Shakespeare)
-The second type is used between sentences or clauses. Dispalyed in:
Without looking, without making a sound, without talking
(Oedipus at Colonus by Sophecles)
Purpose
:
to create a visual representation of ideas in our minds
Ex:
"The children were screaming and shouting in the fields" - "screaming" and "shouting" appeal to our sense of hearing .
Aphorism
Definition:
a concise statement that
is made in a matter of fact to state a principle or an opinion that is generally understood to be a universal truth
Example:
If you do what
you've always done
you'll get what you've
always got.
Purpose:

The purpose of using aphorisms is to further support an argument by supplying the reader with accepted truths.
Def:
A figure of speech in which an attribute or commonly associated feature is used to name or designate something.
Ex:
Shakespeare's "Julies Caesar" Act I, contains the phrase " Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears."
Purpose:
Ex:
Martin Luther King, Jr., preached "I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed... I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slaves will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood."
Purpose:
emphasis certain words or phrases
Employed to add a poetic color to words to make them come to life
Ex
:
"
Tell me and I forget. Teach me and I remember. Involve me and I learn."
(Quote by Benjamin Franklin)
Ex:
I went to the movies yesterday, bought candy, and shopped at the mall.
Full transcript