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# The Sentence

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by

## Derek Jenkins

on 1 May 2015

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#### Transcript of The Sentence

The Sentence
Sentence types:
1. Simple
2. Compound
3. Complex
4. Complex-Compound
SIMPLE
One independent clause
No dependent clauses
Ex.
The dog

.
SUBJECT
PREDICATE
COMPOUND
Multiple independent clauses
No dependent clauses
Ex. The dog crossed the road,
and
the cat ran up the tree.
COORDINATING CONJUNCTION
Coordinating conjunctions
connect clauses, words and phrases. In compound sentences, they are used with a comma to connect two or more independent clauses. Coordinating conjunctions can be remembered with the acronym
FANBOYS
.
F
or
A
nd
N
or
B
ut
O
r
Y
et
S
o
Tip
: Remember that conjunctions connect ideas logically. For example, "The dog crossed the street,
or
the cat ran up the tree" makes no sense.

However, "The dog crossed the street,
so
the cat ran up the tree" indicates a causal relationship.
COMPLEX
One independent clause
One or more dependent clauses
Ex.
Because
the dog crossed the road, the cat ran up the tree.
SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTION
Subordinating conjunctions
make clauses dependent, or subordinate to the main clause. The subordinating conjunction establishes a relationship between two ideas, one of which is the main idea and one of which is providing more information about on the main idea. This provides your readers with vital logical connections between ideas.
Tip
: Subordinating conjunctions are one of the main causes of sentence fragments. For example, "Because the dog crossed the road" is an incomplete sentence. Identify dependent clauses by asking yourself which clauses leave the reader with unanswered questions. In other words, which clause does not communicate a complete idea?
after
although
as
because
before
even if
even though
if
in order that
once
provided that
rather than
since
so that
than
that
though
unless
until
when
whenever
where
whereas
wherever
whether
while
why
COMPLEX-COMPOUND
Multiple independent clauses
One or more dependent clauses
Ex. Because the dog crossed the road, the cat ran up the tree, and
Granny called the fire department
.
Note how the combination of all the example sentences tells a story. Remember that conjunctions help illustrate complex relationships between sentences. Sentence variety not only helps your reader find a rhythm in your prose, but forces you as a writer to spell out connections between ideas.
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