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The July Revolution of 1830
Transcript of The July Revolution of 1830
Timeline of Events
Cause & Effect
Stages of the Revolution
Country Symbol/ Political Cartoon
Need to Know
After the congress of Vienna, France returned to their 1789 boarders with Louis XVIII as King, he dies in 1824 childless
The church & government proposed law tightening censorship, especially in regards to newspapers; the chamber rejected it so violently they had no choice but to withdraw the proposal.
The July Ordinances, signed by King Charles X or France, suspended the liberty of the press and excluded the middle-class from future elections into the chamber.
The middle-class also known as the third-estate was angered by the July ordinance because it was what caused the first revolution.
The July Revolution is also known as the 3-Days Revolution.
Sept. 27, 1824- Louis XVIII, brother of Charles X made his state entry into Paris.
April 30, 1830- Charles X dissolved the National Guard or Paris.
July 25, 1830- Charles X signed the July Ordinances
The Three Days
July 26, 1830-(The Start) People protested the ordinance & continued to print newspapers
July 27, 1830-(Day 1) crowds grew larger, people threw paving stones and roof tiles from windows onto guards.
July 28, 1830-(Day 2) Committee of opposition signed a petition asking for the ordinances to be withdrawn, knowing it was vital to the safety of the throne the king refused to withdraw them.
July 29, 1830-(Day 3) The 'people's' flag began to fly over important buildings. Mobs started to form in the city. Fights broke out between the middle-class and the head quarters
August 2, 1830- Charles X & son abdicated their rights to the throne.
Map of the Events
This symbol explains everything going wrong in France during the July Revolution. The burning Bourbon Flag represents the end of the Bourbon Empire, the Crown represents the reign of King Charles X, and the July Ordinance represents the anger of the people since they hated the new rules stated in the document.
France in July of 1830
Since it was the middle of the summer in 1830, it was extremely hot and dry in France. This caused the French people to want to migrate out of France. At the time, it was very expensive to leave the country, and everyone except the businessmen could afford to leave. Since they couldn't migrate, a group of businessmen found out about the July Ordinances King Charles X was in the midst of signing. These ordinances gave the people less rights than they already had. This had infuriated them. Because of this migration, the French had found their reason to once again revolt.
Burning Bourbon Flag
This political cartoon portrays the thoughts of the French people when they found out about the ordinances. They threw flower pots, paving stones, and roof tiles down into the streets onto soldiers to get their attention. This rebellious act resulted in 21 civilian deaths. This picture of 3 citizens throwing the 3 objects onto the ordinances shows how angry they are at the Goverenment for writing a document that takes away their rights.
When the restoration of King Louis took place after the French Revolution, King Louis XVIII wrote a new Constitution called "La Charte". This constitution gave the people rights similar to the "Bill of Rights" which would will soon be taken away when Charles X takes the throne.
After the French Revolution, King Charles X was chosen to rule hereditarily. This agitated France becuase they had no say in who would rule their country.
The posting of the July Ordinances is the main cause for this revolution. Not many people in France knew about this document until King Charles X had it posted in the local newspaper. This document took away many of the citizens' rights that they already had a limited ammount of.
After the French Revolution, France was left with old ideas of nationalism and democracy. When the July Ordinances were written, the people weren't given the rights they deserved, and these ideas gave the French people the thought to fight for what they wanted.
Economic failure was one of the main causes of the July Revolution. The left over debt from the French Revolution was still in tact in 1830. This was extremely frustrating for the French people because there was still a great portion of France living in deep poverty and unemployment.
During the July Revolution, the French had burned the Bourbon Monarchy flag. Due to this, they created a new flag called the "people's flag". The creation of this flag gave them a sense of power and they fought back even more.
The French people despised their ruler, King Charles X, so the main goal of this Revolution was to get rid of him. At the end of the Revolution they had achieved their goal.
After the overthrowing of King Charles X, a new ruler was set in place. His name was Louis Phillipe. Louis was chosen by the government so they were unhappy that they still didn't have a voice.
The positive effect of the French revolt causes a rise in national spirit in surrounding countries. These countries were Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Portugal, and Poland.
After the Revolution a new ruler was set in place. He wasn't chosen hereditarily so he was completely vulnerable to revolution. His brand new ideas caused the people to dislike him. He took away their rights and that caused yet another revolution in France. This leading to Louis Philipe being the last king of France
The signing of the July Ordinances
Restoration of King Louis XVIII
King Charles Ruled Hereditarily
Ideas of Nationalism and Democracy
French Economic Failure
Closing of Shops
Group of Liberals Wrote Petition For
Burning of Bourbon Flag
Creation of People's Flag
Charles X in Protection
Window Attack on Soldiers
Destroying of Government Lamps
More Attacks Coming
People Begged For End To Blood Pool
Notice of Revolution Given to King Charles X
Revolutionaries Become Heavier Armed
Increase of "People's Flag" in France
Politicians Declare End To Revolution
Overthrow of French Government
New King - Louis Philipe
Another Revolution in The Making.