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The Greek Polis


kimberly deignan

on 15 January 2013

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Transcript of The Greek Polis

Polis Literally = City Often Translated to City-State a political entity ruled by its body of citizens Poleis were centers of artistic, political, and commercial activity. Democracy Precursor Lacking large distinctions between the rich and the poor, kings and priests could not rise to power and prominence, and Greeks were forced to develop different, more democratic systems of government. Citizens more important than the space Democracy was always relevant to a small portion of the population consisting of free, adult, male citizens Government Social Roles Class Differences Government The overwhelming characteristic of the city-state was its small size; this allowed for a certain amount of experimentation in its political structure. These city-states were independent states that controlled a limited amount of territory surrounding the state. Largest = Sparta with 3000 sq. miles 2x Rhode Island Rule In their earliest stages, they were ruled by a
basileus , or a hereditary king Quickly Overthrown Replaced in many different ways, oligarchy, timocracy, tyranny, and democracy Example: Sparta ruled by pair of kings, a council, and a democratic assembly By 600 BC either democracies or oligarchies Social Roles Men Women Children Boys Girls Men Heads of the House Worked During the Day Farmers
Business Men Highly respected at home Laid on couches during dinner Brought everything they wanted Had their own room Entertained by slaves Most Responsibility Most Important Women Fewer Privileges Homemakers No part in public life Have Babies
Run the Home
Manage the Slaves
Manage the Finances (sometimes)
Do the housework
Spin and weave cloth
Treated inferior to men, unlike greek goddesses Expected not to interact with men Separate eating and sleeping rooms
Were kept in in the back or the upper rooms of the house to keep the women away from the men
were not allowed to go into the marketplace or into the streets Ruled By Men Boys Girls Went to School at 6 Read Write Add Music Poetry Sports Job Training at 16 Military Training at 7 to start at 20 Business Men Athletes Army Help Mothers Cook Clean Weave Sing Dance Marry at 15 Father Chooses Husband Class Differences “Chapter Three: The Greek Polis.” Prentice Hall. Prentice Hall, 2011. Web. 6 May 2011. .
“Chapter Three - The Polis.” Honolulu.edu. Honululu.edu, n.d. Web. 6 May 2011. .
Dr. Blanchard. “The Polis.” Northern State University. Northern State University, n.d. Web. 3 May 2011. .
Fisher, Grant, and Cheri Beth Harlan. “Roles of Men, Women, and Children.” Voyage Back in Time: Ancient Greece and Rome . Richmond University, 1998. Web. 6 May 2011. .
Halsall, Paul. “Aristotle: The Polis, from Politics.” Ancient History Sourcebook. Fordham University, 2000. Web. 6 May 2011. .
Kierstead, Ray. “The Foundations of the Greek Polis: Political Culture 700-500 .” Reed University. Reed University, 2010. Web. 6 May 2011. .
Lambert, Tim. “Everyday Life In Ancient Greece.” Local Histories. Local Histories, n.d. Web. 6 May 2011. .
Miller, Fred. “Aristotle’s Political Theory.” Stanford.edu. Stanford.edu, 2011. Web. 6 May 2011. .
“Polis.” wsu.edu. wsu.edu, 1999. Web. 6 May 2011. . Bibliography Bibliogrphy Weren't citizens
Couldn't Vote
Couldn't watch the Olympics Agricultural society Wealth came from owning land Fed themselves from their land There was an upper, middle, and lower class Most were part of the lower class, meaning they were peasents, slaves, or commoners Most upper and middle class families owned slaves Despite the advances in arts, sciences, and technology, many people had a low standard of living, and life was hard. Slaves Prisoners of war became slaves A child born to a slave was a slave 30% of the population was enslaved Slaves for richer families actually had a pretty good life Slaves were very cheap and only the poorest of the poor couldn't afford them Expected to have healthy mind and body olympics were only for men
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