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6th grade STAAR review from Buckle Down to STAAR

6th Grade Review for STAAR

Kathy Baxter

on 23 April 2014

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Transcript of 6th grade STAAR review from Buckle Down to STAAR

Understanding What You Read
And one more thing...
is here
Lesson 2: Words in Context
Lesson 3 Main Ideas and Theme
Look in the selection for other words with nearly the same meaning. - Charlie is quite ambitious. He wants to do well in his chosen profession: politics.
Create a sentence to help you answer analogy questions.
Limb is to tree as leg is to _________
A limb is part of a tree.
"A leg is part of a _______________?"
The theme is the overall message or lesson the author wants to share. A universal theme is a theme that appears in stories from all over the world.
To keep your mind active, keep your pencil active.
underline, circle new vocabulary words, jot down one or two words , go back to a difficult portion
check understanding
continue to ask questions and to make connections and predictions
notice how the selection is organized
in order of sequence
cause and effect
comparison and contrast
problem and solution
question and answer
connect what your see to what you have read
when you finish reading, skim the selection
write down what you have learned
realistic fiction - the story is believable, and could happen to anyone
fantasy - the story has one or more features not seen in our world,such as magic, time travel, or talking animals
historical fiction - the story takes place in today's world
contemporary fiction - the story takes place in today's world
action adventure - the story is one action-packed scene after another
mystery - the story has a crime committed
folktale - the story is a traditional story handed down from generation to generation by word of mouth
fables - the stories in shich animals act like people to teach a lesson or provide a moral
tall tales - stories of exaggeration
myths - stories about gods that provide fantastic accounts of the origin of the Earth and things in the natural world and how humans developed traits like pride, greed, and laziness
Figure out who's telling the story
first-person narrator -
first -person point of view -
second-person narrators -
third-person narrator is not a character in the story.
omniscient point of view - sees and hears everything that takes place

Listen to the way characters (and the narrator) talk
Dialogue is what characters say to each other. They express their hopes, fears, and plans
Dialect is a way of talking that is used by people from a certain place.
Conversational voice makes readers feel the narrator is telling the story to a friend

Find the conflict in a scene or story.

Follow the plot to learn how the conflict is resolved.
exposition - setting and initial conflict
rising action - events leading to the climax
climax - the turning point of the story
falling action - the result of the climax
resolution - the moment when the conflict is resolved, or at least when the characters accept that they cannot resolve the conflict
Sequence charts can guide you through the plot
Look for the common features of traditional literature from various cultures

conversational voice
Find the conflict in a scene or story.
Follow the plot
rising action - events leading to the climax
climax - the turning point of the story
falling action - the result of the climax
resolution - the moment when the conflict is resolved,
Poetry Elements
Poems on a printed page often have their own kind of music, too. Some use rhyme and rhythm to create sound.
The first time you read through a poem, read for the main idea.Don't let yourself get hung up on details the first time you read a poem. Read for the main idea.
Stanzas are lines grouped together like paragraphs
Lines are rows of words.
A simile uses like or as to compare two things.
The desert air was as hot as the inside of an oven.
A metaphor makes a comparison by saying one thing is another. Maria's new puppy is an eating machine.
Personification gives animals or objects human qualities. Personification is a way to give animals or objects human characteristics.
Hyperbole describes something by exaggerating what it is like.
After soccer practice, Sarah was so hungry she made a sandwich the size of a bus.
Rhythm and rhyme help you understand the music of poetry.
The rhyme sscheme is the pattern of rhyming lines in a poem.
They'd be caribou nuggets a
for hungry wolf packs b
and thick grassy stew c
for big hairy yaks. b
A poet's Toolbox
alliteration - use of words that begin with the same consonant sounds, as in the line "There'd be fresh flopping fish."
image - an image is a picture the poem creates in the reader's mind
onomatopoeia - onomatopoeia is the use of words that imitate the sounds they describe, such as splash or clatter.
repetition - repetition is the use of the same sound, word, phrase, or line over and over, to highlight important ideas.
sensory words - sensory words are words that appeal to any of the five senses: touch, taste, sound, smell or sight.
Refrain - is a line or stanza that is repeated in a poem.
Drama Elements -
Drama is a text written to be performed by actors

A scene is all the action that occurs at a certain place and time. An act is a group of scenes, usually divided by important parts of the plot
A narrator is the teller of the story
Look for the point of view in drama by observing and listening to the actors.
How Texts Are Organized

Chronological order
Some texts are organized to show how things are alike or different.
Descriptive writing brings together a lot of details about a person, place, or thing.
Dividing things into groups is another way authors organize information.
Some texts propose an action and offer support - proposition and support. A proposition is an author's idea for action the reader should take.
Line graphs show how something changes over time.
The Author's Purpose
An author's purpose is his or her reason for writing. Does the writer want to scare you? Entertain you? Teach you something? Make you believe somthing?
Figure out the main idea or argument
Figure out the author's opinion
positive opinion - good feelings
negative opinion - bad feelings
neutral - don't show strong feelings one way or another.
Put it all together to find out the author's purpose.
writing to inform the author
writing to influence- the author wants to persuade the reader to think in the same way he or she does.
writing to entertain - authors just want to entertain their readers
writing to describe - author carefully explains the subject by providing many details.
writing to express - author simply wants to pour out his or her thoughts and feelings on to paper .
Notice which statements are facts and which are opinions.
statement of fact- can be checked.
statement of opinion- cannot be checked
fact statements- use words that have pretty much the same meaning for everyone
opinion statements - use words that mean different things to different people
Propaganda Techniques
peer pressure
loaded words
glittering generalities
Identify faulty reasoning in persuasive texts is when the author's supportive evidence is weak or does not make sense.
Comparing Text
Story Elements
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