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Transcript of Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
By Ward Pankowski and Austin McLaughlin
Origin of the Palestinians
End of the Crusades
-Christians lose control of Jerusalem in 1244
-Controlled land between 1516 and 1917
Palestinians have lived in Palestine for hundreds of years, and fear being driven out of their own land.
The Six-Day War
1979 peace treaty
President Jimmy Carter, Prime Minister Manachem Begin, and Egyptian President Anwar Sadat
Sinai peninsula for recognition of right to exist
1993 Oslo I Accord: Israel and PLO
Progress towards Peace
The 1973 Yom Kippur War
In 1967, Israeli Mossad intelligence believed Jordan, Syria, and Egypt were about to attack
Preemptive strike cripples Arab forces
Israel seizes territory in the name of defense, including Palestinian West Bank, Gaza, and East Jerusalem
Palestinians fled West Bank and Gaza to other countries
Egyptian and Syrian forces attack on the holiest day of the Jewish Calendar
U.S. supports Israel, USSR finances and arms Arabs
Israel wins war, no change in boundaries
Early Jewish Settlement and the Diaspora
Britain takes Palestine after WWI
- Allows some Jews to return
Israel is founded in 1948
Jews see Palestine as holy ground, the promised land.
Origins of Israel
Origins of the Conflict
British promises to both Arabs and Jews
Failure of UN to enforce resolution in 1948
Arab invasions and terrorism
1988 Palestine declares independence
"Palestinian War" kills thousands of Israelis
Israel constructs "separation wall" to deter terrorists in 2005
Israelis openly racially profile, use heavily armed soldiers to defend wall
The Palestinian War
The Present Day Conflict
The Palestinian Authority controls parts of the West Bank, but is a glorified police force
Palestinians remain divided on whether to compromise or continue to fight the IDF (Hamas and Fatah parties)
Israel remains determined to preserve its hold on Palestine; settlement policy
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"Masada." Of Spirit and Soul. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2013.
Moris, Benny. 1948: A History of the First Arab-Israeli War. New Haven, Conn. [u.a.: Yale Univ., 2009. Print.
Rubenstein, James M. The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited, 2014. Print.
"The Six-Day War: Causes and Consequences." The Six-Day War. CAMERA, 2007. Web. 24 Nov. 2013.
"A Synopsis of the Israel/Palestine Conflict." A Synopsis of the Israel/Palestine Conflict. IF AMERICANS KNEW, n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2013.
"The Yom Kippur War: Background & Overview." Background & Overview. American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise, 2013. Web. 24 Nov. 2013.
"Yom Kippur War." Tom Heed Course Entrance. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2013.
War declared by Arab Muslim states in 1948
Minimal aid from the West
Lack of proper military
Armistice agreement in 1949
Israel, Jordan, and Egypt gain control of more territory
Trial by Fire: Israel's War for Independence
United Nations Partition Plan
British intention to withdraw post WWII
In 1947, the UN voted to split Palestine into two states: one Jewish, one Muslim
Jerusalem was intended to be an international city for all religions and run by the UN
British Control of Palestine
After Ottoman loss in WWI, the United Kingdom took over Palestine under mandate of League of Nations
Jewish immigration was allowed but restricted, especially in the 1930s due to rising tensions with Arabs in the region