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World Cultures and Geography
Transcript of World Cultures and Geography
Grade Seven Social Studies
Resources and Economics
Three Types of Resources
Resources that nature can replace
Resources that can't easily be replaced
Resources that never run out
is the production and exchange of goods and services among a group of people.
are different ways people participate in an economy
Goods and services are traded, but rarely money
- The government controls the economy.
- The people control the economy
a combination of command and market economy
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
measures the total value of goods and services produced in a country in a year.
have a low GDP and comparatively few economc resources
have a high GDP and plentiful economic resources
Measuring the Economy
are products sold to other nations.
are products bought from other nations.
Why People Move
Causes of Migration
is when a group of people move from one location to another. A person who leaves one location for another is called an
Migration occurs because of two main factors:
are conditions that push people from one location to another.
Push factors often create
are conditions that pull people from one location to another.
People move from one place to another within the same country
These people are known as
People will move for both push and pull factors
People move from across a continent or from one country to another.
Where People Migrate
People bring their group attitudes, knowledge and behaviors from one region to the next.
If people accept the
of migrants and immigrants, it creates
If people reject the culture of migrants and immigrants, discrimination can occur.
Migration can bring people who have special skills or talents, which helps another region's economy grow. Migrations can also help when there is a job shortage in a particular region.
Migration can create a stress on resources, especially when one region is not ready to accept large numbers of migrants or immigrants.
Migration can also depress wages if there are not enough jobs in a particular region and people have to compete for the jobs that already exist.
The Effects of Migration
Why We Need Government
Types of Government
Often known as a
Citizens hold power and rule through elected representatives
A government headed by a king, queen, or emperor
A government in which a small group of people hold power
A government in which an individual holds complete power
All political power and control of the government is held by the government
In a democracy a citizen has both
Take care of yourself and your family
Know right from wrong
Behave in a respectful way
Obey the laws
Serve on a jury
Defend the country
Be an informed citizen
Being an Active Citizen
The Rules of a Government
The Geography of Population
is the number of people living in a specified area.
is the number of births per 1,000 people.
is the number of deaths per 1,000 people
To find the
rate of natural increase
, subtract the death rate from the birth rate
birth rate-death rate
The largest populations are found in
Opportunity to earn a living
Urban areas are cities.
One-half of the world's population lives in a urban or suburban setting.
It is estimated that this will grow to 60% by 2030.
One hundred years ago only 14% of the world's population lived in cities
Most people lived in
areas- farms and small villages.
Urban settings have a higher
- a measure of how heavily populated an area is.
The way a government works is determined by its
People and Culture
What is Culture?
Culture: A Way of Life
is the shared attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors of a group. Culture includes:
How a group of people lives
What work they do
What they eat
What beliefs they hold
How they use the environment to meet their needs
How they use technology
are people who study culture.
Cultures can have
, which are groups of people who share a language, customs, and a common heritage.
People are not born with culture, rather they
it from family friends and others.
is an organized system of beliefs and practices, often centered on one or more gods. The world's major religions include:
All of the world's major religions began in
and moved to other countries.
are people sent to do religious work in other lands and spread their faiths.
World Religions and Cultures
is human communication. It can be
is a group of languages that have a common origin.
WorldLanguages and Culture
How Does Culture Change?
Culture Change and Exchange
Culture changes over time. The changes can be slow or rapid. Culture changes through:
Innovation is something that is introduced for the first time.
New ideas, inventions, or patterns of behavior
Can be intentional or accidental.
The invention of fire was probably accidental, but the use of technology is intentional.
is the use of knowledge, tools, and inventions to solve problems
is the raising of plants and animals for human consumption.
created settled societies, which was different from the
ways of humans.
Diffusion is the spread of ideas, inventions, and patterns of behavior from one group to another.
Cultural change can be positive or negative.
Cultural change can be voluntary or forced.
What about the acceptance of cultural change in the United States?
Accepting Cultural Change