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Astronomy Presentation-- Saturn
Transcript of Astronomy Presentation-- Saturn
Rotation: 0.45 earth days
Distance away from Sun: 1,434,000,000 km or 891,046,289.67 miles away
Revolution: 29 earth years
10,832 days in a Saturn year
6th planet from the sun
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5 missions to Saturn: Cassini, Voyager 1 & 2, Pioneer 11, and Huygens.
Three of five were flybys: Cassini, Voyager 1, and Pioneer 11
First ship to study Saturn was Pioneer 11
Cassini flew by moon Titan many times
High-tech space probes cost millions of dollars
Missions to Saturn
- Saturn is the Roman name for Cronos, the god of agriculture.
- Saturn in the root of the english word Saturday.
- Saturn is the farthest planet visible to the human eye without telescopes, binoculars, etc.
Diameter: 120,500 Kilometers, or 74,875 Miles
Size: 2nd largest planet
Characteristics: Made up of Hydrogen & Helium
Moons: 53 moons, with 9 other moons awaiting for confirmation.
Discovery of Saturn
- Saturn has the 2nd fastest rotation day.
- Saturn is the only planet with density less than water.
- It took Pioneer 11 six years to reach Saturn; 1973 - 1979
- Titan is the largest moon of Saturn and is the only known moon to have a substantial atmosphere. It is 370 miles deep, 10 times thicker than Earth’s atmosphere.
Ring made of: Chunks of ice & rock
Volume: 827,129,915,150,897 cubic kilometers, or 198,439,019,647,006 cubic miles
Mass: 5.683 × 10^26 kg
Temperature: -178 Celsius/-288.4 Degrees Fahrenheit
Circumference: 235,298 mi
Gravitational Force: 108% of Earth's gravitational force
Between Jupiter and Uranus
Perihelion: 839,519,000 miles (1,351,074,865.54 kilometers)
Aphelion: 934,530,000 miles (1,503,980,248.32 kilometers)
Galileo found Saturn in 1610
There was something sticking out of the sides but Galileo mistook it as a "triple planet"
40 years later a different astronomer looked at Saturn named Christiann Huygens in 1665