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Firefighting Equipment and Education

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ARM McGahey

on 16 February 2014

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Transcript of Firefighting Equipment and Education

Firefighting Equipment and Education
and How it Keeps Firefighters Safe

Personal Safety Gear
By: Aiden McGahey
Introduction
The equipment that a firefighter uses on a daily basis saves them from the dangers of their job. It allows them to fight fires because it gives them protection from the heat and smoke. Their job is extremely dangerous. There are many injuries and deaths each year which is why the equipment is constantly being improved and changed. They risk their lives and their equipment and training helps them stay safe. Firefighters save people every day, and they face a great deal of danger doing their job. Being a firefighter is about being on the other side of the yellow tape and risking your life for others.
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Jacket
Gloves
Flashlights
Radio
Air tank harness
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Pants
Helmet
Air tank
Breathing Apparatus
Radio
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Hoses
Horn
Sirens
Ladder
Storage
Additional Safety Equipment
Fire Truck

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Fire Hoses
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Jaws of Life
Fire Education
Fire education is the most important thing to a firefighter because without the education they receive, they could get hurt or even killed. They need to take many classes to learn how to stay safe in a fire. They are always training and doing new drills to help them better understand how fire behaves in different situations. Education is most important to a firefighter because with the knowledge they receive, they can keep not only themselves safe, but those who are around them as well. Their education is the reason that firefighters are able to do what they do. Their job is extremely dangerous and the education they receive through classes and training allows them to do it.
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Helmets can be made of leather or composite materials and are designed to keep out heat and keep the firefighter safe from concussions.
It is a pressurized air tank, not oxygen tank, because oxygen is combustible. The tank holds 4,500 lbs of air, the equivalent of 20-30 minutes of air because the firefighters are working so hard.
Though it is considered the weakest part of a firefighters gear, the maximum temperature of the face piece is 572 degrees Fahrenheit.
There are 3 layers to the turnout gear: the thermal liner, the moisture barrier, and the outer shell. This protects them from heat, flare conditions, punctures, and abrasion hazards while still being comfortable and having dexterity.
The fire gear is not fire-proof ( it will catch fire) its fire rated so that it protects from the heat and flames.
The radio allows the fire fighters to talk to each other while in the fire. There can be about 18 fire fighters in a fire at a time.
If the gloves get wet the heat could travel through them and burn the firefighter.
The 1 3/4 inch hose sprays about 300 gallons a minute. The 2 1/2 inch hose sprays about 200-500 gallons a minute. The monitor hose on the front of a truck can spray upwards of 1,000-1,500 gallons a minute.
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Personal alarm safety systems (PASS)
have a 95 decibel alarm if there is no motion for more than a specific amount of time.
This alarm could guide other fire fighters to the location of the one who needs help.
A 5 inch hose is about 100 feet long, a 1 3/4 inch hose is about 50 feet long, and a 2 1/2 inch hose is about 50 feet long.
Firefighters use the Jaws of Life to cut through debris and twisted metal.
Bibliography
NIST, National Institute of Standards and Technology. Personal Protective Equipment. January 12, 2011. last update July 16, 2013. accessed January 17, 2014. http://www.nist.gov/fire/ppe.ctm
McGahey, Richard. Personal interview. February 4, 2014
PASS Devices
Ladders can be extended to reach about 100 feet in the air.
The Jaws of Life can be used to get people out of crushed cars or out of collapsed structures.
Firefighter 1. Poster. Brentwood NH. NH Division of Fire Standards and Training & Emergency Medical Services. 2014.
NIST, National Institute of Standards and Technology. Electronic Safety Equipment. October 19 2010, last update January 17 2014. http://www.nist.gov/fire/locator.cfm
All hoses are carried in this section of the fire truck.
Firefighter Seating
All fire fighters can sit in the firetruck at the same time and still be able to move about and communicate with one another.
There are fire trucks, fire engines, and pumps that work together to put a fire out.
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