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Madison Terrazas, Ancient History

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Shawn Groves

on 29 May 2018

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Transcript of Madison Terrazas, Ancient History

2,500 B.C.
2010
3.500 B.C.
2005
Madison Terrazas, Ancient History
Pre-history
Mesopotamia
Ancient Egypt
Ancient Greece
Geography
Ancient Rome
Artifacts
Fossils
Cave Art
way of life
Rare bird stone
known as a
artifact stone they
used them as a
weight on a dart.
Artifacts that people left
behind while moving. like food, clothing, tools.
30,000-year-old
cave hyena painting
found in the Chauvet
Cave, France
Hand stencils estimated between 35,000-40,000 BP they used cave art to communicate
Rock paintings
from the Cave
of Beasts
Estimated 7000 BP
-before written records
this fossil was found at an ice age in Texas it is a Saber-Tooth Tiger
Neanderthal
fossils were
found in Israel.
mammoths are used for its bones and tusks for making art, tools, and dwellings, and the species was also hunted for food.
What changed
that allowed
us to go from
that way of life
to living together
in larger
that way of life
to living together
in larger
Community's?
people describe their house as warm and comfortable
domestication and
farming
they only found
40%of lucy's bones
Farming made
people
become a
larger community
the women were responsible
for doing a whole range of things
like pulling weeds.
this is one of the tools that they used to go fishing they made the hook out of bones
This is a hand ax that they
used for
tools or
weapons.
cave are was put on cave walls or ceilings
wheat was the first plant to be domesticated
they didn't have clothes like
we do so they wore animal skin
for their clothes
lucy was 3.7ft tall and
weighed only 64lbs
to build there homes they put mud
up around them and then added
straw to make it warm inside
they used the animals to hunt and to have food
they used the wheat
to make some of their
foods
- land between 2 rivers
-known as Sumeria or Sumer
Where did Mesopotamia start?
What enabled Mesopotamians to stay in one place?
How did Mesopotamians build?
What were some Mesopotamian inventions or technologies?
How did the Mesopotamians govern themselves?
What were some of the major events that happened during their time period?
The Mesopotamia is part of the Fertile Crescent.
the Mesopotamia was created
by water, snow, mud
running down a mountain.
mesopotamia
The Middle East is located in western Asia, but also in parts of northern Africa and southeastern Europe.
They used mud
bricks to build
houses.
mud bricks are made of mud, sand and water mixed with a binding material such as rice husks or straw.
this is a house they made out of mud bricks and on top they
used straw.
they used mud bricks and straw to build houses because it was a cheap way to build
first form of writing: Cuneiform
they invented the first wheel
they invented the plow and they used the oxen to pull the plow so they could plow the feild
they use levee's to prevent floods
5,000 B.C
The Mesopotamia started in the valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates
They stayed in one place because of farming and domestication.
The Sumerians invented cuneiform.
The water came off the hills and gave them enough water for their crops and animals.
The fertile soil made it easy for the people to have good crops and sturdy houses.
When the annual flood happened it left behind rich soil for farming.
The Mesopotamia was ruled by
kings. They lived at the top of Ziggurat.
There were many city-states that developed in the Mesopotamia. They each had their own government system.
They would often go to war
with each other over resource's
and land.
This is
how they
govern
themselves
from strong to
weak.
Ancient Mesopotamia sail boat
Their boats were good for going up and down streams.
They invented the plow to help them
plant crops faster.
The calender was first based on constellations
The Nile
Egyptian Mythology
Pyramids
Pharaohs
Egyptian Language
Mummies
A: This is where Egypt is located on a world map.
B: Every year the annual flood happened it left behind rich soil for the crops.
C: The annual flood left behind rich soil that is called silt.
D: They used the a Shaduf to get water from the Nile.
A: Pyramids where used for burial places.
B: this is a diagram of what the pyramids look like inside
B: the pharaoh fit in because he was at the top of the pyramid.
A: this is one of the main gods of Egypt that's name RA.
C: Some gods and goddesses were worshiped by the pharaoh and priests in large temples.
D: they needed food because they needed to survive in the afterlife they also had 4 Canopic jars for their internal organs
C: the pyramids were built by finding a good place, then they had to cut, shape, and file the shape they wanted to build with then they started to place the blocks they first layer on the ground then the started to cave in till they got the shape they wanted.
D: some things you might
find in an Egyptian tomb
is some jewelry because
they wanted them to
travel in style to the
afterlife.
A: they called the
leader of Egypt the king
B: they were thought to be
god like by there culture.
C: Hatshepsut was known
for the longest female
pharaoh in Egypt that
ruled for 20 years.
D: The most elaborate tombs in ancient times were those built by the Egyptians for their kings the tombs were made of dried bricks which were then used to shore up shafts and chambers dug into the earth.
A: It was called Hieroglyphic
And it looked like this
B: the hieroglyphics where found on buildings and monuments.
C: to translate hieroglyphics they used the Rosetta stone.
D: the language for ancient Egypt that they used everyday is demotic.
A: they preserve their body
because they believed
that they needed their body
in the afterlife.
B: they put their internal organs in Canopic jars.
C: People who mummify the dead are called embalmers
D: One of the famous tombs we have found was king Tut's KV 62.
Government
Sparta
War
Mythology
Contributions of the Greeks
A: This is a picture of Greece on a world map.
B: This is a map of the ancient Greece city.
C: for the city-states it was hard to comunicate because of the high mountains
D: One type of plant they grew was an olive tree they used it for medical purposes
A: Political units were called city-states that are made up of a major city with control over the surrounding country-side.
B: The form of the government was
democracy that developed in Athens.
C: They had to go to Athens and vote on every little thing so everyone got to vote so they would have an outcome for every vote they had and it was called direct democracy.
D: Women in Athens were free but had no rights.
A: Democracy/oligarchy
was the form of government.
B: military training started at age 7 for the boys until they where 18 years old. They where required to serve in the military until the age of 60.
C: The children had to steal food to make them look tough.
D: King Leonidas was one of the first Spartan rulers to complete the infamous harsh training mandatory for the Spartans.
A: greek soldier
spear:
two-to-three meter spear with a leaf-shaped blade at one end and a short spike at the other

shield:
round shield commonly
made from a layer of
bronze, wood and leather.
B: the main war was the Peloponnesian war
that was between athens and sparta.
(delian league was formed by athens and
the peloponnesus league was Greek city-states led
by Sparta.)
C: Thucydides was considered to be the father of modern history.
D: The Trojan horse was a huge hollow wooden horse constructed by the Greeks to gain entrance into Troy during the Trojan War.
A: Zeus was one of the main greek of
gods.
B: Alexander the great was one of the many famous heroes he is also known as the king of Macedonia.
C: Ares is the God of War, representing the violence and aggression of battle. He was hated and feared because of the death and destruction he caused with his sons, Phobos (Fear) and Deimos (Terror). Not even his own parents, Zeus and Hera, approved of him.
A: euclid was known as the "father of geometry."
B: Early philosophers of the Archaic Age such as investigating things like the nature of the universe, the origin of life and the nature of life.
C: the greek medicine is balanced between the forces of nature. a lot of the medicines are made from nature. they believed the natural treatments and therapies would heal the body, mind and spirit.
D: Cartography is an invention they used to make maps.
D: they created myths because They didn't know what science was and they believed the gods made events happen like a volcano erupting.
A: this is a map of Rome in the entire world
Geography
B: The size of the Roman Empire was 1.699 million mi².
C: The Tiber river is important to Rome because it provided fresh water and transportation.
D: According to legend, Ancient Rome was founded by the two brothers, Romulus and Remus
Government
A: The Roman Republic was after the Etruscans.
B: The patricians were the wealthy Romans.
C: The plebeians were the poor people.
D: they involved both groups by assessing their property, and assigning them to their appropriate centuria and tribus.
Julius Caesar
A: this is a picture of Julius Caesar
B: Julius Caesar became emperor because he had fought in several wars and become involved in Roman politics. After several alliances he became dictator of the Roman Empire.
C: Crossing the Rubicon means "to pass a point of no return."
D: Julius Caesar died of assassination on March 15, 44 B.C.
Punic Wars
A: this is a Map of the main participants.
Five good Emperors
A: Nerva became emperor immediately after the murder of Domitian in 96 AD
B: Hadrian is known for building the Hadrian Wall.
C: Augustus was a Roman statesman and military leader who was the first Emperor of the Roman Empire
246 B.C.
219 B.C.

The Roman Republic breaks the alliance with Carthage and engages in war with Sicily. This causes the First Punic War.
Hannibal attacks Saguntum, an ally of Rome, and Saguntum falls. This marked the beginning of the 2nd Punic War.
149 B.C.
After Carthage technically broke its treaty with Rome by declaring war against the neighboring state of Numidia, the Romans sent an army to North Africa, beginning the Third Punic War.
B: timeline and brief story
C: Hannibal was one of the most remembered generals because he for leading the Carthaginian army and a team of elephants across southern Europe and the Alps Mountains against Rome in the Second Punic War.
D: Trajan was also a highly successful general and won three major conflicts against the Dacians and in the East
Contributions of the Romans
A: Ancient Roman architecture adopted the external language of classical Greek architecture for the purposes of the ancient Romans, but differed from Greek buildings, becoming a new architectural style.
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