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Vancouver, British Columbia
Transcript of Vancouver, British Columbia
Biomes and Human Settlement
-Vancouver, BC is home to one temperate rainforest biome.
-The region consists of various different types of vegetation such as shrubs, grasses, trees, under growth, mosses, berries, kelp, thousands of flowers and much more.
-The wildlife in Vancouver consists of racoons, skunks, rats, mice, most western North American birds, black bears, deer, rabbits, rainforest, amphibian marine and freshwater fish.
-The human population is 603 502 people.
-Eighth largest city in Canada.
-5249 people per square kilometer.
Climate of Vancouver
-Moderate Oceanic Climate with typically dry summer months and a rainy rest of year
-Tempered by the North Pacific Current, which moderates its temperatures
-Vancouver is sometimes hit by gales that have previously knocked over large trees, however these are unlikely and don’t come often.
-The dry summers often result in moderate drought conditions
-Annual average temperature is 11°C, among the warmest in Canada
Climate Change Prediction
It is predicted that in the next century, Vancouver’s greatest asset might become its greatest problem. Vancouver researchers predict that with glaciers and ice melting into the ocean, the sea level could rise by one metre over the next century. This amount of water can overpass the dikes and flood the city. Dike improvements have been estimated to cost approximately $9.5 billion dollars over the next 90 to 100 years.
- Researchers predict that the temperature will warm by 0.9 – 1.8 degrees Celsius by 2080
-A new climate change report lists the city among the world’s most at risk for losses from rising sea levels and flooding, ranking it 11th after cities such as New York, New Orleans and Mumbai.
The level of precipitation has been increasing and is predicted to rise more, especially in the spring times.
Severe weather would occur more frequently as the climate changes. Vancouver would meet more high tides, strong winds and torrential rain falls in the winter, and hot weather that melts the snow on the mountain in the spring.
Vancouver's Climate in Past Century
• The average annual temperature has risen by 0.5-1.7 degrees Celsius
• The total annual precipitation has risen by 20 percent since the last 50 – 100 years
• Lost up to 50 percent of its snow pack
• The snow melts faster now which causes increased floods and precipitation
• Over the past century sea levels rose by 4 -12 cm along the Vancouver coast
• Mountain glaciers and reservoirs are predicted to shrink
-Immediate coastal areas will experience flooding which may affect coastal population.
-Rising ocean temperatures and acidity may result in a decline of fish population which would leave families dependent on the fishing industry with less food and money to support themselves.
-Rising temperatures caused by air pollution will create heat waves and more chemicals in the air which will be hazardous and damaging to the health of many citizens of Vancouver.
-Increasing migration may also be a future prospect as some areas may become very harsh to live in due to extreme flooding, heat, or air pollution.
-The main economic impact is the damage to the fishing industries caused by rising ocean temperatures. This is a huge blow because the fishing industry in Canada is worth about $5 Billion a year in revenue.
-As mentioned before, water overpassing dikes can flood the city. Dike improvements will cost approximately $9.5 billion dollars for the next century.
-Changes in river flow will cause less energy created by dams, which will slow down the BC Hydro hydroelectric industry.
-Insurance companies will have a lot more business as coastal communities will suffer damage and ask for repairs.
-Factories will have to find more environmentally friendly methods to complete tasks to slow down the effects of dangerous climate change.
-Climate warming changes the hydrosphere drastically, which has its most drastic impacts on habitat, and animal life.
-Warming climate will melt snow and create more precipitation which will affect water quality.
-Communities will experience longer summer droughts and mild floods and excess water.
-Ocean acidity and increasing warmth, combined with emissions causing warmer temperatures, will all combine and might wipe out one quarter of animals and plants in the world.
-The government will have to rely less on tourism income as flooded coastal regions will become less attractive to tourists.
-More money will have to be funded for repairs on water damaged places, as well as roads and structures that will have to be increasingly repaired and checked up on more frequently due to increasing and erratic temperatures.
-Governments and organizations will have to raise more awareness and organize more Earth-preserving activities such as Earth Hour.
"Climate of Vancouver." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 10 Apr. 2013. Web. 27 Oct. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Climate_of_Vancouver>.
Keenan, Eileen, and Andrew Yan. The local effects of global climate change on the city of Vancouver a community toolkit and atlas. Vancouver, B.C.: BTAworks, 2011. Print.
"LiveSmart BC - Effects of Climate Change." LiveSmart BC - Effects of Climate Change. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013. <http://www.livesmartbc.ca/learn/effects.html>.
"Political Impacts of Global Warming." YouTube. YouTube, 21 Apr. 2013. Web. 27 Oct. 2013. <
"The Province." www.theprovince.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013. <http://www.theprovince.com/news/Climate+change+rising+water+could+become+Vancouver+worst+enemy/8827691/story.html>