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Ischaemic Heart Disease Group 68
Transcript of Ischaemic Heart Disease Group 68
Do you have Ischemic Heart Disease (ISH)?
Some signs and symptoms:
Chest pain, jaw pain, arm pain
Haven’t got any of these? Great!
Because Southern Africa carries ¼ of the global burden of ISH
Ischaemic Heart Disease
But you're not in the clear yet! Many don't even show symptoms!
Involved in a sedentary lifestyle?
On an unhealthy diet?
Then you’re at risk!
Especially if you meet more than one of these criteria...
Do you care about:
Having an unhappy family?
Then be aware to care!
Here are some fancy graphs that all show how dangerous IHD can be…
Distribution of CVD death
Female (left); Male (right)
Mortality Rate of ISH
The global distribution
Mortality through income classes...
But there’s always light at the end of the tunnel!
We can protect ourselves
From a first attack (Primary)
From recurrent attacks (Secondary)
Early screening for risk factors: BP, cholesterol, glucose level tests, family history, genetics
Maintain a healthy BMI
Increased physical activity
Optimal control of risk factors
Healthy diet - Mediterranean diet
Reduced salt and fat content intake
Using cardio-protective drug therapies: aspirin, B-blockers, ACE-I, ARBs, lipid-lowering drugs (statins)
Psychological (depression) treatment
Optimal control risk factors
Increased physical activity
Reduced salt and fat intake
Higher fruit/vegetable intake (Mediterranean diet)
Cardiac rehabilitation program/regular monitoring
Now, let’s think as a community rather than an individual
Provide free statins and anti hypertensive drugs to reduce risk factors
Educate targeted population about importance of exercise, diet and stress reduction
Encourage healthy diet by further taxing fast food and untaxing vegetables, fruits etc..
Increasing accessibility of sports centers by:
Providing government funded discounts for targeted population
Providing free shuttles to and from centers
Urging a 24/7 policy
ISH is not the end… Save your aching heart
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