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Foundations and Theoretical Forces In Counseling & Psychothe
Transcript of Foundations and Theoretical Forces In Counseling & Psychothe
Theory – proposed explanations or tested principles or general predictions that are subject to experimentation.
In any counseling or psychology program, classes in theory are arguably some of the most important and relevant courses of study.
Lessons in theoretical insight provide the foundation needed to understand the dynamics of human behavior and choose the therapeutic approach most appropriate to specific clients and situations.
Counseling and psychology theories are often grouped into four key approaches, known as
the Four Forces: Psychoanalytic,
Cognitive-Behavioral, Existential-Humanistic, Multicultural, and Social Justice.
What is psychotherapy?
Capuzzi & Gross (Eds.) (2007)
Foundations and Theoretical Forces In Counseling & Psychotherapy
Counseling is the professional guidance in addressing conflicts or problems.
Psychotherapy is the treatment of psychological disorders or maladaptive behaviors by a professional technique
Regardless of ones' different theoretical approach, a helping relationship is crucial.
The following are definitive characteristics of a helping relationship :
Initially structured by counselor but open to restructuring based on client needs.
Begins with initial meeting and continues to termination.
All persons involved perceive existence of trust concern and respect and to behave accordingly.
Needs of client take precedence over needs of counselor.
Personal growth of all persons involved.
Safe zone for self-exploration.
Cappuzzi & Gross (Eds.) (2007) (p. 4-6)
A Helping Relationship
Stage 1 = Relationship development
Stage 2 = Extended exploration
Stage 3 = Problem resolution
Stage 4 = Termination and follow-up
Stages of helping relationship:
Core Conditions of helping relationships:
Respect and positive regard
Genuineness and congruence
Strategies to build & encourage helping relationships include active listening skills:
Attending and encouraging
Reflecting content and feelings
Perception checking and clarifying
Strategies that aid in collecting
info or data:
Strategies that further enhances or promotes or adds depth to the helping relationship:
Non-verbal behaviors = responding /identifying
Capuzzi, D., & Gross, D. (Eds.). (2007). Counseling and psychotherapy: Theories and interventions (4th ed.). NJ: Pearson Publisher
Retrieved from http://www.dictionary.com
F. Davis, LCPC
The Chicago School of Professional Psychology