Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

No description
by

Drew Gorton

on 13 May 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

Results
Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)
Environmental Concerns
"Super weeds"- Herbicide/Pesticide resistant genes can spread to plants in the wild, causing an increase in the amount of harmful chemicals we must use.
Ethical and Economical concerns
The biotechnology companies are not willing to lose money on their investments
The Basics
In 1973, the process of genetic modification was created by two scientists named Herbert Boyer and Stanley Cohen.
It involves attaching the genes from one species onto the chromosomes of another, altering its DNA.
The two most common alterations are:
1) Plants that contain an herbicide (Ex: Roundup) in their genes, so they are resistant and only the unwanted weeds die when the field is sprayed.
2) Plants that produce their own pesticide, from a bacteria known as Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis). Insects and other pests are killed when they eat these plants.
Butler, Tamsen. "History of GMOs." LoveToKnow. LoveToKnow, n.d. Web. 16 Apr. 2014.

Lovel, Hugh, and Stefan Mager. GM Food; Genetically Manipulated, Genetically Engineered. N.p.: Natural Notes, 2013. Print.
What's Wrong With This Technology?
Health Concerns
Consuming GM foods with herbicide/pesticide genes is essentially like consuming the toxic chemicals themselves. This can cause damge to virtually every organ system in the body.
Most GM foods contain a gene that is resistant to antibiotics, and has been shown to integrate itself into the DNA of living creatures that consume it. This in turn makes nearly resistant to antibiotics too, and prone to die of infection.
The genetic engineering process transfers allergens to foods that people aren't usually allergic to, and can even form brand new allergens.
Lovel, Hugh, and Stefan Mager. GM Food; Genetically
Manipulated, Genetically Engineered. N.p.: Natural Notes, 2013. Print.

Smith, Jeffrey. "Spilling the Beans: Unintended GMO Health Risks."
Organic Consumers Association. Organic Consumers Association, Mar. 2008. Web. 05 Apr. 2014.
GMOs introduced to agriculture will greatly decrease the biological diversity of our ecosyem; something that is essential. ("Monoculture")
"Terminator genes"- Cause plants to produce seeds that will not grow next year; they could spread into the wild and create millions of plants that are unable to reproduce.
Threatens the genetic integrity of our planet; millions of years of development have fine-tuned DNA to what it is today.
Lovel, Hugh, and Stefan Mager. GM Food; Genetically Manipulated, Genetically Engineered. N.p.: Natural Notes, 2013. Print.

"What Is Genetically Modified Food (And Why Should You Care?)." EarthSave Magazine Spring 2002: n. pag. Print.

Gucciardi, Anthony. "3 Ways Monsanto Threatens Our Planet (And What To Do About It) Higher
Perspective." Higher Perspective. Natural Society, n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2014.
Companies can legally patent genes that don't exist naturally; they make contracts with farmers who are forced to buy seeds from the same company each year.
The environmental repercussions could endanger the world food supply, especially from pests and diseases.
Biotechnology aims to wipe out traditional farming practices and shows no respect for the tremendous knowledge and skill involved in them.
Large multi-national corporations seek to monopolize the world food supply.
Lovel, Hugh, and Stefan Mager. GM Food; Genetically Manipulated, Genetically Engineered.

N.p.: Natural Notes, 2013. Print.
"What Is Genetically Modified Food (And Why Should You Care?)."

EarthSave Magazine Spring 2002: n. pag. Print.
"Control oil and you control nations;
Control food and you control the people"
-Henry Kissinger, 1970
Lovel, Hugh, and Stefan Mager.
GM Food; Genetically Manipulated, Genetically Engineered. N.p.: Natural Notes, 2013. Print.

"¿Quién Es Henry Kissenger?"
Descubrelaverdad. WordPress, 1 June 2012. Web. 28 Apr. 2014.
Dunmore, Charlie. "EU's Big States Confirm Opposition to GM Crop Plans." Reuters. Thomson Reuters, 27 Sept. 2010. Web. 02 May 2014.
Interview
Sandi McArthur
Education/Outreach Director, Oryana
How would you explain what a GMO is to someone who has never heard of them?
A genetically modified organism is made by crossing genes that are not meant to be crossed in nature, like genes from bacteria being forced into the DNA of a corn plant. It is not the same thing as cross-breeding similar species, because the outcome of introducing an unfamiliar gene into a plant is pretty much a mystery. Genes don't work in isolation and changing one can dramatically alter the plant's properties.
McArthur, Sandi. "GMO Interview." Personal interview. 10 Apr. 2014.
Interview (Continued)
What are the potential risks?
Health risks: allergies, auto-immune diseases, damage to virtually every organ system.
Environmental risks: alteration of the gene pool that cannot be undone, possibility for an out of control spread of GMO plants, monocultures
Economical risks: enables companies to patent living things, corporations with power in the government, possibility for a food monopoly (these companies already own 3/4 of the world's seed supply).
McArthur, Sandi. "GMO Interview." Personal interview. 10 Apr. 2014.
Interview (Continued)
Is there anything else that my classmates should know about?
Demand labeling of GMO products.
McArthur, Sandi. "GMO Interview." Personal interview. 10 Apr. 2014.
Monsanto Employees in the Hallls of the Government. N.d. Red Green and Blue. Web. 25 Apr. 2014.
Experts Discuss the Findings of the Roundup GM Cancer Trial 360p. Perf. Patrick
Holden, Dr. Michael Antoniou. YouTube, 2012. YouTube.
What's Being Done About the Issue
Many people are demanding that foods containing GMOs be labeled as such.
March against Monsanto: global protest, May 24, 2014
GMOs are banned or must be labeled in 60+ countries.
McArthur, Sandi. "GMO Interview." Personal interview. 10 Apr. 2014.

Monsanto. N.d. Bestmeal.info. Web. 21 Apr. 2014.

Non-GMO Project. N.d. Ecomomicalme. Web. 25 Apr. 2014.
Drew Gorton

Mrs. Kenel-Truelove

2nd Hour ELA 12B

24 April, 2014

How the Current Solutions are Working
Vermont will become the first state to require GMO foods to be labeled when the bill goes into effect in July of 2014.
GMO ingredients were banned from major food companies in the European Union in 1999.
Acceptance of GMOs. N.d. IGEM.org. Web. 27 Apr. 2014.

Smith, Jeffrey. "Spilling the Beans: Unintended GMO Health Risks." Organic Consumers
Association. Organic Consumers Association, Mar. 2008. Web. 05 Apr. 2014.

AP. "Vermont Ups the Ante on Modified Foods." Traverse City Record-Eagle 26 Apr. 2014,
Business/Farm Focus sec.: 6B. Print.
March Against Monsanto, Vancouver. N.d. WIkipedia Commons. Web. 27 Apr. 2014.
What I Would Like to See Happen
Although I can imagine potential benefits of this technology, it's still very new and should be taken out of our food until we've tested it extensively. There needs to be less destruction of plants in the process, and more predictability in the end product. It also needs to be in the hands of people who are trying to help and not controlled by large corporations who just want to make money off of it. Genetically Modified Organisms simply aren't ready to be on the market.
Garden Fresh. N.d. Two Boys and a Beagle. Web. 27 Apr. 2014.
Acceptance of GMOs. N.d. IGEM.org. Web. 27 Apr. 2014.

AP. "Vermont Ups the Ante on Modified Foods." Traverse City Record-Eagle 26 Apr. 2014,
Business/Farm Focus sec.: 6B. Print.

Butler, Tamsen. "History of GMOs." LoveToKnow. LoveToKnow, n.d. Web. 16 Apr. 2014.

Dunmore, Charlie. "EU's Big States Confirm Opposition to GM Crop Plans." Reuters. Thomson Reuters, 27 Sept. 2010. Web. 02 May 2014.

EarthSave Magazine Spring 2002: n. pag. Print.

Experts Discuss the Findings of the Roundup GM Cancer Trial 360p. Perf. Patrick
Holden, Dr. Michael Antoniou. YouTube, 2012. YouTube.

Garden Fresh. N.d. Two Boys and a Beagle. Web. 27 Apr. 2014.

"What Is Genetically Modified Food (And Why Should You Care?)." EarthSave Magazine Spring 2002: n. pag. Print.

Gucciardi, Anthony. "3 Ways Monsanto Threatens Our Planet (And What To Do About It) Higher
Perspective." Higher Perspective. Natural Society, n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2014.

Lovel, Hugh, and Stefan Mager. GM Food; Genetically Manipulated, Genetically Engineered. N.p.: Natural Notes, 2013. Print.

March Against Monsanto, Vancouver. N.d. WIkipedia Commons. Web. 27 Apr. 2014.

McArthur, Sandi. "GMO Interview." Personal interview. 10 Apr. 2014.

Monsanto Employees in the Hallls of the Government. N.d. Red Green and Blue. Web. 25 Apr. 2014.

Monsanto. N.d. Bestmeal.info. Web. 21 Apr. 2014.

Non-GMO Project. N.d. Ecomomicalme. Web. 25 Apr. 2014.

"¿Quién Es Henry Kissenger?" Descubrelaverdad. WordPress, 1 June 2012. Web. 28 Apr. 2014.

Smith, Jeffrey. "Spilling the Beans: Unintended GMO Health Risks." Organic Consumers Association. Organic Consumers Association, Mar. 2008. Web. 05 Apr. 2014.
Work Cited
Major companies include Monsanto, Bayer, Syngenta, Dow Chemical, Dupont, and ConAgra
70%-80% of the American food supply contains GMO products (mostly corn and soy).
It is important that our generation be aware of this problem because it has the potential to have a large impact.
Full transcript