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Comparative Law - Women's Rights
Transcript of Comparative Law - Women's Rights
based on the compared countries 1 2 3 4 5 By: Jordan By: Shingai Comparative Law: Task 5 (Question 2): Canada: Syria: Saudi Arabia: Venezuela: China: Video: Women's Rights in Syria: The Syrian constitution guarantees gender equality for the women of society who are living active lives. However the rights guaranteed in the constitution are disregarded when examining personal status laws and also the penal code. Personal status laws the the penal code which are present in the Syrian juridical system, include discrimination towards women and girls in marriages, divorce, child custody and also inheritance. Women's rights in Syria: The laws and codes present in Syria allow such offenses such as honor killings receiving lighter sentences and giving judges the ability to decide if the crime was committed with honor intent. Women's rights have deteriorated since the anti-government protests began in Syria with documenting over 81 instances of sexual assault being committed by both government agencies and also rebel forces. Lauren Wolfe director of Women under Siege stated that Syria had, "taken women down a level where they aren't really human. It is just another battleground where war is being fought." Women's Rights in Venezuela Venezuela has had a long history and many struggle's when concerning women's rights. Although in the recent years women's rights in Venezuela have advanced drastically due to the significant influence women's rights groups had while giving their input on the new national constitution created in 1999. This was due to the newly elected President Hugo Chavez and his mandate for a new constitution. This new constitution uses a gender-neutral language and deals with several new issues regarding women. This newly introduced constitution bans discrimination based on gender and also guarantees family planning services, assistance for mother's,equality between spouses and finally extends social security for housewives. women's rights in Venezuela are currently fast growing and expanding this includes the 2007 on the (cc) photo by medhead on Flickr Throughout the years Venezuela has drastically advanced women's rights and this has resulted in increased rates of women participating in politics, new laws in defense of women and also institutions designed to enforce those laws always pushing forward former struggling women's rights in Venezuela. International Laws: Women's Rights Question #1 By: Angelica Salvatore The Female Century: International Women's Day 2012 Abortion in Sweden Abortion in Sweden was first legislated by the Abortion Act of 1938.
This act stated that an abortion could be performed legally if the pregnancy would be a serious threat to the women, if she was raped and impregnated, or if her child would inherit a serious health condition.
The act was changed throughout the years but the most current one was legislated in 1974. The Act of 1974 states that up until the end of the 18th week of a women's pregnancy, the choice of an abortion is completely her decision and for any reason.
Between the 18th and 22nd weeks, the woman needs permission from the National Board of Health and Welfare. Bibliography: Permission for late abortions is usually granted when the mother or fetus is unhealthy. 1. Robertson, Ewan. Venezuelans Celebrate International Women's Day, Launch Proposals for Gender Equality. Venezuela analysis. March 10th, 2012. Web. October 1st, 2012. http://venezuelanalysis.com/news/6863 The Abortion Act of 1974 has 11 sections.
These sections outline everything from when a woman is allowed to have an abortion to under what circumstances.
Section 2 states a woman must be offered counseling before the procedure takes place. Section 5 states that only a certified medical practitioner can perform an abortion.
Section 7 states that decisions made by the National Board of Health and Welfare cannot be appealed in court. The Abortion Act 2. Embassy of the Bolivarian Embassy of Venezuela. The Struggle for Women's Rights in Venezuela. Embassy of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela to the U.S. March 2012.Web. October 1st, 2012. http://venezuela-us.org/live/wp-content/uploads/2009/08/03-07-2012-FS-Women.pdf Women's Rights
Symbol 3. Syria. Human's Rights Watch Country Summary. January 2012.Web.October 1st, 2012. http://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/related_material/syria_2012.pdf This bill was passed by Parliament in 2005 and brought into force by Indian government in October 2006.
This Act is mainly to protect the wife or female live-in partner of domestic violence by her husband or male live-in partner and/ or his relatives.
This law also extends its protection to women who are sisters, widows or mothers. Domestic violence under the act includes actual abuse whether it be physical, sexual, verbal, emotional or economic or the threat of abuse. Demands of unlawful dowries to the women or her relatives can also be protected under this act. This act ensures the women's right to secure housing. She is able to remain in the shared household whether or not the property is in her name. This act also stops the abuser from coming into contact with the abused whether it is at a workplace, a spot frequented by the abused, isolating assets shared by both parties and causing violence to the abused, her relatives or anyone that helps her in getting away from the domestic abuse. Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act: India Women's Rights in Canada Women's Rights in China Spark Women's Rights in Saudi Arabia Comparing Women's Rights in Canada, Saudi Arabia & China India's Forgotten Women country. "Abortion in Sweden - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Oct. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abortion_in_Sw
Demsteader, Christine. " Equality - SWEDEN.SE ." SWEDEN.SE - The official gateway to Sweden — features, facts, music, film . N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Oct. 2012. <http://www.sweden.se/eng/Home/Society
"Protection of Women From Domestic Violence Act 2005." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia . N.p., 6 Aug. 2012. Web. 2 Oct. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protection_of_W Bibliography -Right to vote
-Freedom of speech
-Men & women have equal pay
-Right to control finances
-Canada prohibits discrimination in the workplace -Right to vote
-Right to a primary & secondary education
-One child policy (forced abortions)
creates gender imbalance
-Males viewed as SUPERIOR
-Sex trafficking -Forbidden from traveling, studying or working without a male ''guardian"
-Women are treated as "minors"
-No right to vote (can vote in 2015 in Municipal elections)
-Forbidden to drive
-Must obey their guardian
-Cover hair and faces Bibliography 1) Northwest Territories Human Rights Commission. "Celebrating 100 Years of Advancements Human Rights and Women in Canada 1911-2011." <http://www.statusofwomen.nt.ca/pdf/Conference/presentations/Therese%20-%20Chronology%20of%20Human%20Rights%20for%20Women%201911.pdf> 02. Oct. 2012
2) "Saudia Arabia Women's Rights Denied." YouTube. YouTube, 12 Feb. 2012. Web. 02 Oct. 2012. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zLAnBCbm9Ls>.
3)"World Report 2012: China | Human Rights Watch." World Report 2012: China | Human Rights Watch. Web. 02 Oct. 2012. <http://www.hrw.org/world-report-2012/world-report-2012-china>.
4) "World Report 2012: Saudi Arabia | Human Rights Watch." World Report 2012: Saudi Arabia | Human Rights Watch. Web. 02 Oct. 2012. <http://www.hrw.org/world-report-2012/world-report-2012-saudi-arabia>. In 1949, Mao Zedong established the New China. Ever since China has been working toward gender equality. In the National People's Congress 626 (21%) of the deputies are women. Over the years chinese women have gained more decision making power regarding family and economic matters. Bibliography: John King Fair Bank, Merle Goldman. (July 24, 2012) "Women's Right a Journey Around the World." library.thinkquest.org/C001142/home.php In 2009 the Saudi government claimed that no such law exist in their system that requires women to obtain permission from her husband in order to complete the most basic tasks.
ex: traveling, receiving medical care Human Rights Watch. (July 8, 2009) "Saudi Arabia: Women's Rights Promises Broken." http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/docid/4a55b2c112.html In Syria, organizations working for women's rights have been banned. 200 - 300 women are killed per year in "honor crimes." Mainly because they have married a man not approved by the women's family. Jane Gabriel. (December 8, 2008) "Syrian Women's Rights: "the fight does not stop here" http://www.opendemocracy.net/audio/syrian-womens-rights-the-fight-does-not-stop-here The Convention on the Elimination of all Forums of Discrimination Against Women became ratified, in Canada, in 1948. Canada's Commitment. (October 13, 2005) "Canada's Commitment to gender equality and the advancement of women's rights internationally" http://www.international.gc.ca/rights-droits/women-femmes/equality-egalite.aspx?view=d Slowly, new laws have been introduces regarding women's right in Venezuela.
ex: In 2007, The Right of Women To Life without Violence (It defines 19 forms of violence) The Struggle. (March 2011) "The Struggle for Women's Rights in Venezuela." http://venezuela-us.org/live/wp-content/uploads/2009/08/03-07-2012-FS-Women.pdf Women are aloud to work (they contribute a lot to the society.) Men are still considered superior to women.
*Religion President Hugo Chavez