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Argument, Claim, and Support

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English La Quinta del Puente

on 19 February 2018

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Transcript of Argument, Claim, and Support

An Example
Argument
definition:
Argument
Claim
Support

Claim
statement(s) FOR or AGAINST something (Pro/Con)
Normally, we think of an argument as a confrontation between individuals.
Is this always the case?
An argument can also be a process of reasoning or an expressed point of view on a subject.
Example
Freedom of speech and expressions are essential to a democratic form of government.
Components
An argument can be divided into components:
Claim
A statement or idea that is potentially arguable--the writer/speaker's position on an issue.
Pay attention to the
language
in the above statement. It is simply a
claim
that can be proven true or false.
the base of the argument
what the author believes to be true
statements about what is true, good, or factual.
What's the point?
Reasons
Explains why
supported by
justifies and explains the argument
what makes the "arguer" think/or argue the way they do
Evidence
How do we support our position?
defends the position (pro/con)
facts, statistics, etc...
Reasons
Evidence
Evidence supports the reasons and gives
proof
to the claim.
specific examples
statistics
data
testimonies
narratives
etc...
A reason is a statement that supports the claim. Reasons often answer the question
why
.
Claim: Recycling helps our
environment.
Reasons: Garbage in landfills often
produces pollution in our water, land,
and air.
Evidence: When something is
recycled, it is reused and not put in
a landfill to cause pollution. (Fact)
No!
SUPPORT
So...
What kind of language is used to make a valid argument?
There are many techniques, and they're called "rhetorical devices".
There are hundreds of rhetorical techniques...
For example:
emotional appeal
tone
figurative language
imagery
Repetition: the repeated use of the same word/phrases for emphasis
Parallelism: the use of similar grammatical structures, such as phrases or sentences, to link ideas together
analogy: compares two subjects point by point
We will try again and again until we achieve our goal.
We will not, cannot, and should not wait until it is too late to decide.
I might have been talking to a wall, they ignored me so completely.
Full transcript