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Argument, Claim, and Support
Transcript of Argument, Claim, and Support
statement(s) FOR or AGAINST something (Pro/Con)
Normally, we think of an argument as a confrontation between individuals.
Is this always the case?
An argument can also be a process of reasoning or an expressed point of view on a subject.
Freedom of speech and expressions are essential to a democratic form of government.
An argument can be divided into components:
A statement or idea that is potentially arguable--the writer/speaker's position on an issue.
Pay attention to the
in the above statement. It is simply a
that can be proven true or false.
the base of the argument
what the author believes to be true
statements about what is true, good, or factual.
What's the point?
justifies and explains the argument
what makes the "arguer" think/or argue the way they do
How do we support our position?
defends the position (pro/con)
facts, statistics, etc...
Evidence supports the reasons and gives
to the claim.
A reason is a statement that supports the claim. Reasons often answer the question
Claim: Recycling helps our
Reasons: Garbage in landfills often
produces pollution in our water, land,
Evidence: When something is
recycled, it is reused and not put in
a landfill to cause pollution. (Fact)
What kind of language is used to make a valid argument?
There are many techniques, and they're called "rhetorical devices".
There are hundreds of rhetorical techniques...
Repetition: the repeated use of the same word/phrases for emphasis
Parallelism: the use of similar grammatical structures, such as phrases or sentences, to link ideas together
analogy: compares two subjects point by point
We will try again and again until we achieve our goal.
We will not, cannot, and should not wait until it is too late to decide.
I might have been talking to a wall, they ignored me so completely.