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Austin Searle and Speech Acts

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on 4 September 2013

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Transcript of Austin Searle and Speech Acts

Austin Searle and Speech Acts
Jhon Langshaw Austin
The british philosopher that reflected on the creational power of language.
Speech Acts
Is a theory of the constitutive rules for performing illocutionary acts.

RULES
Conclusion
* Speech act theory adopts a social or institutional view of linguistic meaning. This is sometimes opposed to the intentionalist view favored by Grice (1957) and Strawson (1964) but there need be no inconsistency.
The language is a way to conduct and determines the rules of speaking in a context.
the rules that tell what performing (successfully) an illocutionary acts.
The rules are classified:
*propositional content rules
*preparatory rules
*sincerity rules
*essential rules
Based on their essential conditions, and attending to the minimal purpose or intention of the speaker in performing an illocutionay acts into 5 muntually
.exclusive and jointly exhaustive classes
The speaker becomes committed to the truth of the propositional content.
Example: "its raining"

Representative or assertive
Directive
The speaker tries to get the hearer to act in such a way as to fulfill what is represented by the propositional content
Example: " Close the door"

Commissive
The speaker becomes committed to act in the way represented by the propositional the content.
Example, promising: " I'll finish the paper by tomorrow"

Expressive
The speaker simply expresses the sincerity condition of the illocutionary act
Example: " I'm glad its raining!

Declarative

The speaker performs an actions representing herself as performing that action.
Example: "I name this ship the Queen Elizabeth"
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