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Austin Searle and Speech Acts
Transcript of Austin Searle and Speech Acts
Jhon Langshaw Austin
The british philosopher that reflected on the creational power of language.
Is a theory of the constitutive rules for performing illocutionary acts.
* Speech act theory adopts a social or institutional view of linguistic meaning. This is sometimes opposed to the intentionalist view favored by Grice (1957) and Strawson (1964) but there need be no inconsistency.
The language is a way to conduct and determines the rules of speaking in a context.
the rules that tell what performing (successfully) an illocutionary acts.
The rules are classified:
*propositional content rules
Based on their essential conditions, and attending to the minimal purpose or intention of the speaker in performing an illocutionay acts into 5 muntually
.exclusive and jointly exhaustive classes
The speaker becomes committed to the truth of the propositional content.
Example: "its raining"
Representative or assertive
The speaker tries to get the hearer to act in such a way as to fulfill what is represented by the propositional content
Example: " Close the door"
The speaker becomes committed to act in the way represented by the propositional the content.
Example, promising: " I'll finish the paper by tomorrow"
The speaker simply expresses the sincerity condition of the illocutionary act
Example: " I'm glad its raining!
The speaker performs an actions representing herself as performing that action.
Example: "I name this ship the Queen Elizabeth"