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TPS

Industrial Engineering Topic
by

Maria Rozo

on 27 August 2013

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Transcript of TPS

Toyota Production
System

What is Toyota Production
System?
"An integrated approach to production, manages equipment, materials, and people in the most efficient manner while ensuring a healthy and safe work environment".
TWO PRINCIPLES
Just-in-Time
(JIT)

Origin of TPS...
Sakichi Toyoda:
Taiichi Ohno
He experimented with various ways of setting up the equipment to produce needed items in a timely manner.
Development of TPS is credited to him
"pulling principle"
Not producing any part until there
is a need, that is when produced parts are consumed
Increases productivity
Reduces costs
Eliminates waste and inconsistencies

"
jido
" = automation
"
jidoka
" = automation with a human touch
Detect abnormalities
Solve root cause of problems
complete elimination of all waste
further developed an automatic
loom.
Founded Toyoda Automatic Loom Works
Invented a manual loom,

Sakichi's son.
Introduced flow production
method using a chain conveyor
into the assembly line of a
textile plan
He started Toyota Motor Corporation in 1930
by Maria Rozo
(1867-1930)
(1894-1952)
Eiji Toyoda
Kiichiro's cousin.
Became director manager.
After a tour among American factories, he gave his factory
manager,
Taiichi Ohno
, a
commission to improve Toyota’s production system until it
reached Ford's productivity
Retrieved from
http://www.toyotageorgetown.com/terms.asp
(1912-1990)
Jidoka
Kiichiro Toyoda:
(1913- )
Bellgran, M., Säfsten K. , (2010) Production Development. Design and Operation of production system. London. Springer
14 Principles
The Toyota Way
4 categories
Philosophy
Problem Solving
Process
People
Elimination of wastes
waste of overproduction
waste of time on hand (waiting)
waste of transportation
waste of processing itself
waste of stock on hand (inventory) waste of movement
waste of making defective products
http://www.kellogg.northwestern.edu/course/opns430/modules/lean_operations/ohno-tps.pdf
Conclusion
Toyota implemented a system to reduce waste, to lower inventories, and to improve techniques
Today, many companies use those principles to increase productivity and profit
Full transcript