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Amelia Cummings

on 23 April 2013

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Respiratory System Skeletal System Breathing and exchanging gases Circulatory System system of vessels that pass through the entire body made up of different bones and provides support and stability for the body By Amelia Cummings and Mykia Wilson Digestive System A series of tube-like organs that convert the food we eat into fuel for our body. Excretory System System that removes waste in the form of fluids Endocrine System System that transmits information with chemicals and biological compounds. Immune System An intangible system that works as a armor to protect your body and its cells Integumentary System Skin Muscular System meat on the bones, made up of 3 muscular tissues: smooth, voluntary, cardiac Nervous System action and senses Function: breaks down food, absorbs nutrients, and eliminates waste

Structures: mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines, and rectum

Vocabulary: -Amylase: an enzyme in saliva that breaks down chemical bonds in starch
-Peristalsis: contractions of smooth muscles
-Pepsin: an enzyme that breaks proteins into smaller polypeptide fragments
-Chyme: mixture of enzymes and partially- digested food
-Stomach: The internal organ in which the first part of digestion occurs The digestive system collects and removes undigested solids while the excretory system filters compounds from the blood stream and collects them in urine. They help in controlling the amount of water in your body. Working Together
(Digestive and Excretory) Function: discharging waste products ,in the form of fluids (urine), from the body

Structures: skin, lungs, liver, kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra

Vocabulary: -Ureters:The duct by which urine passes from the kidney to the bladder
-Nephrons: processing units where most of the work of the kidney takes place
-Glomerulus: a small but dense network of capillaries encased in the upper end of each nephron
-Filtration: passing a liquid or gas through a filter to remove wastes Kidney function must be constantly altered as levels of compounds and fluids are monitored to provide the best internal environment for your cells. Hormones are released that allow for more urine production when you drink a lot of water. When you are dehydrated, less urine is produced. Also the adrenal gland is positioned on the top of each kidney. The adrenals release adrenaline into your body. Working Together
(Excretory and Endocrine) Function: Controls Growth, development, and metabolism.

Organs: Thyroid, Adrenals, pancreas

Vocabulary: Pancreas: digestive and endocrine gland
Thyroid: thyroid cartilage
Adrenals:An adrenal gland.
Hormones:1.A regulatory substance produced in an organism and transported in tissue fluids such as blood or sap to stimulate specific cells Function: fights diseases, bacteria, viruses, and poisons; collects fluid from lost blood vessels and returns it to the circulatory system

Includes: white blood cells, thymus, spleen, lymph nodes, lymph vessels

Vocabulary: -Thymus:A lymphoid organ situated in the neck of vertebrates that produces T cells for the immune system.
-Lymph Nodes: Each of a number of small swellings in the lymphatic system where lymph is filtered and lymphocytes are formed.
-Lymph Vessels: a vascular duct that carries lymph which is eventually added to the venous blood circulation.
-Antibodies- A blood protein produced in response to and counteracting a specific antigen. The skin is the first defense your body has against diseases. Cells and compounds on your skin help kill bacteria. Working Together
( Immune and Integumentary) Function: guards against infection, injury, and ultraviolet radiation from the sun; helps to regulate bod temp.

Includes: skin, hair, nails, sweat, and oil glands

Vocabulary: -psoriasis: genetic diseases that result in super-thick skin
-exocrine glands: glands that discharge sweat and oil which kills microorganisms and decreases the pH on the surface of your skin
-Cuticles:The outer layer of living tissue, in particular.
-Epidermis:The outer layer of cells covering an organism, in particular. Your nervous system depends on neurons in your skin to sense things around you Working Together
(Integumentary and Nervous) Function: controls the senses, movement, and bloodflow


Vocabulary: -Neurons: transmit electrical impulses to places in your body
-Efferent Neurons:send impulses from the central nervous system to your limbs and organs
-Afferent Neurons: receive sensory information and transmit to the central nervous system
- Myofibris- Tightly packed filament. enables you to move and interact w/ your surroundings Working Together
(Nervous and Muscular) Function: helps with movement, circulation of blood, and moving food through the digestive system

Organs: skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, cardiac muscle

Vocabulary: -Meatus: meat you eat from cows, sheep, and includes the muscle in your biceps
-Myofibril: tightly packed filament
-Myosin: thick filaments of protein
-Actin: thin filaments of protein work together to produce voluntary movement Working Together
(Muscular and Skeletal) Function: supports the body, protects internal organs, allows movement, stores mineral reserves, and contains cells that produce blood cells

Organs: bones, cartilage, ligaments, tendons

Vocabulary: -Axial Skeleton: supports the central axis of the body
-Appendicular Skeleton: arm, leg, pelvis, and shoulder bones
-Acromegaly: a condition that affects the pituitary gland and causes an excessive amount of growth hormone to be produced
-Collagen: The fibrous protein constituent of bone, cartilage, tendon, and other connective tissue Marrow inside of your bones help produce the cells in your blood, red and white blood cells are created in your bones Working Together
(Skeletal and Circulatory) Funtion: transports oxygen, nutrients, and hormones to cells; fights infection,; removes cell wastes; helps to regulate body temperature

Organs: Heart, blood vessels, blood

Vocabulary: -Venules: A small vein joining capillaries to larger veins
-Heart: hollow muscular organ that pumps the blood through the circulatory system
-Blood Vessels: A tubular structure carrying blood through tissues and organs; a vein, artery, or capillary.
-Blood: The red liquid that circulates in the arteries and veins of vertebrate animals, the circulatory system carries oxygen to your cells and carries dissolved carbon dioxide back to the lungs Working Together
(Circulatory and Respiratory) a pregnant women need oxygen for her and her baby to live and grow Working Together
(Respiratory and Reproductive) Carribean.edu.com www.fi.edu.com www.news-medical.net www.visual.merriam-webster.com http://www.human-body-facts.com/skeletal-system.html http://www.human-body-facts.com/skeletal-system.html 1. Phyla Insecta- HoneyBees
Food stored in the crop
2. Class Amphibia- frogs
digestion begins in the intestines
3. Class Aves- Birds
Owls have no crop 1. Phyla Insecta- Honey Bees
Excrete Honey
2. Class Amphibia- Frogs
Humans have a seperate urinary system. Frogs have urinogenital system.
3. Class Aves-Birds
Kidneys extract nitrogenous wastes from their bloodstream. 1. Phyla Insecta-bees
2. Class Amphibia- Frogs
Have less bones than hum,ans
3.Class Aves- Birds
Have backbone ENCHANTEDLEARNING.COM webmd.com emc.maricopa.edu students.um.edu.mt 1. Kingdom Insecta- Honey bee
no lungs
2. Class Amphibia- frogs
two lungs
3. Class Aves- birds
requires two cycles 1. Phyla insecta- Honey Bee
7 ganglia
2. Class Amphibia- Frogs
Highly sense of hearing
3. Class Aves- Birds
Three part brain 1. Phyla Insecta- Honey bees
does not have nails
2. Class Amphibia-Frogs
rubbery skin
3. Class Aves- birds
Feathers 1. Phyla insecta- Honey Bees
Fragile immune system
2. Class Amphibia- frogs
Breaths through skin
3. Class Aves- Birds
consists of lymphatic vessels and lymphoid tissue. 1. Phlya Insecta- Honey bee
Regulatory Hormones
2. Class Amphibia- Frogs
Have a single endocrine system.
3. Class Aves- birds
Located on the brain 1. Phyla Insect- Honey Bee
Circulatory and resp. systems are seperate.
2. Class Amphibia-
Closed circulatory system
3. Class Aves- birds
Efficient and advanced compared to mammals. 1. Phyla Insecta Honey bee
2. Class Amphibia FROGS-
3. Class Aves- Birds
lightweight Function: Brings in oxygen needed for cellular respiration and removes excess carbon dioxide from the body

Structures: Nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, lungs

Vocabulary: -Alveoli: tiny, thin-walled, capillary-rich sac in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place
-Pneumonia: diseaese that can cause your lungs to fill with fluid and prohibit you from being able to take in enough oxygen for your body
-Emphysema: disease that destroys the tissues in your lungs
-Bronchi: Two main branches of the trachea that go into the lungs Digestive System Excretoy System Endocrine System Immune System Integumentary System Nervous System Muscular System Skeletal System Circulatory System Respiratory System
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