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Child Development

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by

Shannon Jackson

on 12 April 2016

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Transcript of Child Development

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Development & Socialization

Systematic age-related changes in physical, cognitive, socio-emotional, and moral functioning across the life span.
We continually adapt to change, on a personal, social & societal level.
Development
Socialization
Process by which individuals acquire knowledge, skills, and character traits; this facilitates their contribution as effective members in society.
Development
Domains & Periods of Development
Socialization & Child Development
Divided into 3 broad domains
Physical/Biological:
Bodily changes, maturation & growth
Cognitive:
Mental processes of knowing which include
imagining, perceiving, reasoning & problem solving.
Periods of Development
Prenatal: conception -- birth
Emotional & Social/Psycholsocial:
Emotions, personality & social interactions & expectation
Infancy & Toddler:

Birth -- 2 years
Early Childhood:
2 years - 6 years
Middle Childhood:
6 years - 11 years
Adolescence:
11 years -- 18 years
Emerging Adulthood:
18 years -- 25 years
Early Adulthood:
25 years -- 40 years
Middle Adulthood:
40 years -- 65 years
Late Adulthood:
65 years ++
Socialization
Many forces contribute to a child's development.
What do they include?
The child
The family
Schools
Peers
Community
What else?
Socialization occurs over time (think Chronosystems) via:
Interactions with significant others
Communication
emotionally significant
situations
Experiences with social groups of varying scopes that impact future decision making
Where does socialization take place?
Children play an active role in their own Socialization
Contemporary Ecology
Biotechnology
IT
Globalism/Nationalism
Decision-Making Responsibility
Information Intermediaries
Kate H. Fletcher, M.S.
Dale Pracht, Ph.D.

T
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Erikson
Erikson explained the personality development of individuals as the outcome of their interactions in their social environment.
Erikson identified 8 critical stages of psychosocial development in a person's life that affects self-concept.
Bronfenbrenner
Piaget
Schemes
-- actions or mental representations that organize knowledge

Assimilation
-- incorporation of new information into existing knowledge (schemes)

Accommodation
-- adjusting schemes to fit new information & experiences

Organization
-- grouping socially isolated behaviors into higher-order, more smoothly functioning cognitive systems; the grouping or arranging of items & categories

Equilibration
-- explain how children shift from one stage of thought to the next -- shift occurs as children experience cognitive conflict or disequilibrium in trying to understand the world
Temperament
& Self Regulation

Self regulation is the ability
to control one's impulses,
behavior, and/or emotions
until an appropriate time,
place, or object
is available for expression.
Attachment to primary caregivers & early
relationships play a Significant role in
developing emotional regulation and
emotional intelligence.
Regulating oneself
(emotionally & behaviorally)
shifts from external
socializing agents to
internal, self-inducted
methods.
Today's Child
Innate characteristics that determine
an individual's sensitivity to various
experiences & responsiveness to social
interaction.
Temperament:
Babies are born
with
different
temperaments.
They respond differently physiologically
to various experiences.
Individual differences occur across Temperament Traits
Self Concept --
an
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perception
of his/her
identity
as
distinct
from that of others.
Emerges as experiences of separateness from others
As you age, your identity,
your understanding of who you are
, is influenced by significant others.
In developing your
self concept
you also develop
your self esteem.
What does
today's
child look
like?
What are today's
children
being
thrust into?
What types of
psychological
consequences
are today's
children
experiencing?
What does our role look
like for today's child?
Genetic engineering
Assisted reproductive techniques
Remote customer service (outsourcing)

Communication tools
Media (TV, Cameras, Bluetooth, Voice Memos, Downloading)
Wifi
Mobile commerce
HIPPA
Relationships (Family & Friend connections)
Telecomm & Transportation
Outsourcing
Terrorism
Labor Force
Information overload
Science
Medicine
Education
Economics
Communications
Media
Transportation
Security
Privacy & Ecology
Responsibility of Consequences
To help consumers make decisions:
Endorsements
Enticements
Services
How will children/people learn to think if they don't think for themselves?
Full transcript