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Transcript of Child Development
Development & Socialization
Systematic age-related changes in physical, cognitive, socio-emotional, and moral functioning across the life span.
We continually adapt to change, on a personal, social & societal level.
Process by which individuals acquire knowledge, skills, and character traits; this facilitates their contribution as effective members in society.
Domains & Periods of Development
Socialization & Child Development
Divided into 3 broad domains
Bodily changes, maturation & growth
Mental processes of knowing which include
imagining, perceiving, reasoning & problem solving.
Periods of Development
Prenatal: conception -- birth
Emotional & Social/Psycholsocial:
Emotions, personality & social interactions & expectation
Infancy & Toddler:
Birth -- 2 years
2 years - 6 years
6 years - 11 years
11 years -- 18 years
18 years -- 25 years
25 years -- 40 years
40 years -- 65 years
65 years ++
Many forces contribute to a child's development.
What do they include?
Socialization occurs over time (think Chronosystems) via:
Interactions with significant others
Experiences with social groups of varying scopes that impact future decision making
Where does socialization take place?
Children play an active role in their own Socialization
Kate H. Fletcher, M.S.
Dale Pracht, Ph.D.
Erikson explained the personality development of individuals as the outcome of their interactions in their social environment.
Erikson identified 8 critical stages of psychosocial development in a person's life that affects self-concept.
-- actions or mental representations that organize knowledge
-- incorporation of new information into existing knowledge (schemes)
-- adjusting schemes to fit new information & experiences
-- grouping socially isolated behaviors into higher-order, more smoothly functioning cognitive systems; the grouping or arranging of items & categories
-- explain how children shift from one stage of thought to the next -- shift occurs as children experience cognitive conflict or disequilibrium in trying to understand the world
& Self Regulation
Self regulation is the ability
to control one's impulses,
behavior, and/or emotions
until an appropriate time,
place, or object
is available for expression.
Attachment to primary caregivers & early
relationships play a Significant role in
developing emotional regulation and
(emotionally & behaviorally)
shifts from external
socializing agents to
Innate characteristics that determine
an individual's sensitivity to various
experiences & responsiveness to social
Babies are born
They respond differently physiologically
to various experiences.
Individual differences occur across Temperament Traits
Self Concept --
from that of others.
Emerges as experiences of separateness from others
As you age, your identity,
your understanding of who you are
, is influenced by significant others.
In developing your
you also develop
your self esteem.
What are today's
What types of
What does our role look
like for today's child?
Assisted reproductive techniques
Remote customer service (outsourcing)
Media (TV, Cameras, Bluetooth, Voice Memos, Downloading)
Relationships (Family & Friend connections)
Telecomm & Transportation
Privacy & Ecology
Responsibility of Consequences
To help consumers make decisions:
How will children/people learn to think if they don't think for themselves?