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Sudan

History Project on Sudan
by

Anne Gulick

on 28 April 2010

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Transcript of Sudan

REPUBLIC
OF SuDAN Capital: Khartoum
Population (as of 2009): 41,087,825
Location: Northern Africa bordering Red Sea
Between Egypt and Eritrea
Flag: Red= Revolution and struggle for freedom, White= peace,
Black= Sudan itself, Green= islam and prosperity IMPORTANT DATES IN HISTORY
1885- Islamic state is founded
1956- Sudan gains independence
1978- Large findings of oil in south, government in north
1998- New Constitution in Sudan
Early 2003- 2 rebellious groups start
rebellion against government. Genocide began.
STANDARD OF LIVING
Indicator of Standard of Living

Infant mortality rate per 1000 live births

Life expectancy at birth

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS

HIV/AIDS - death

Literacy - total population

GDP - per capita (average yearly income)

Unemployment rate

Population below poverty line Sudan

64.9

51.42

1.4%

320,000

25,000

61.1%

$2,300

18.7%

40% USA

6.22

78.11

0.6%

1.2 million

22,000

99%

$46,400

9.3%

12%
BIBLIOGRAPHY UN COMMITTEE DARFUR, SUDAN OBSTACLES TO DEVELOPMENT
Inadequate supplies of drinkable water
Deforestation
Desertifiaction
Many ethnic groups
Genocide in Darfur Genocide began in 2003 in Darfur (western region of Sudan)
Main conflict between Arab Africans and black Africans (boths groups are Muslim)
Rebels began demanding more political and economic rights for black Darfurians
The sudanese government is Arab-dominated
Government turned loose the janjaweed (Arab militiamen) who slaughtered villages, cattle, destroyed crops and homes, and raped civilians
The conflict has spread into Chad
About 300,000 civilians have been killed in Darfur, and nearly 3 million are living in refugee camps
The government refuses to ltake blame for killing and doesn't like the U.N. peacekeepers coming in
The situation is slowly getting better, but there is still a lot of violence

"Cool Planet - Sudan Index." Oxfam GB - Leading Charity Working to End Global Poverty. Web. 22 Apr. 2010. <http://www.oxfam.org.uk/coolplanet/kidsweb/world/sudan/index.htm#>.

"Genocide in Darfur, Sudan." Darfur Scorecard. Web. 21 Apr. 2010. <http://www.darfurscores.org/darfur>.

Music: English Translation of Lyrics for Habibi Ya Nour El Ain by Amr Diab." All About Belly
Dancing Learn to Belly Dance Web. 21 Apr. 2010. <http://www.shira.
net/music/lyrics/nourelain.htm>.

September. "UNMIS Background - United Nations Mission in the Sudan." Welcome to the
United Nations: It's Your World. Web. 19 Apr. 2010. <http://www.un.org/
en/peacekeeping/missions/unmis/background.shtml>.

World Factbook." Welcome to the CIA Web Site — Central Intelligence Agency. Web. 20
Apr. 2010. <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/
geos/su.html>. قائمة المراجع
جمهورية السودان Interesting Facts Arabic and English are the official languages
Largest country in Africa
There are more than 300 tribes in Sudan
Provisional Government established by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) signed in January 2005
Very controversial election this month
A girl in southern Sudan has a better chance of dying during pregnancy or child birth than finishing primary school

UNMIS - United Nations Mission in Sudan- A UN peace support operation made up of civilians,
military, and police changes that could be made to improve Sudan:
Establish a new goverment in southern Sudan
More peace agreements
Create more relief programs for refugees in
Darfur and civil wars
Have sources distributed evenly
Full transcript