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Survey of the Scene and the Victims
Transcript of Survey of the Scene and the Victims
(Source: The Health Curriculum in Philippine Basic Education, Vol. 2)
Is anyone in danger?
- if yes, can the danger be easily managed?
-if it cannot, call for emergency help, and protect the scene
Move the most Quiet Victim
- Gently shake/tap the shoulders and ask a question: Hey, hey, hey, are you okay?
- If the victim responds, treat any life-threatening condition.
- If there is no response check the airway.
Open the Airway
- Do the "Head tilt- chin lift method": remove any obstruction present and gently tilt back the head.
Continue rescue breathing
check for signs of circulation very minute
Check for Breathing
- If breathing- check for and treat any life-threatening conditions and place in the recovery position
- If not breathing give two rescue breaths: pinch the nose, seal your mouth over the victim's mouth and breathe into the victim.
- If rescuer is alone, call for emergency
Look for signs of Circulation
- if the victim is a child or an adult who has suffered from a drowning or an accident, proceed directly to CPR
- otherwise, look for signs of life such as movement and normal skin color for a few seconds.
- Start cardiopulmonary resuscitation ( CPR)
(Combine rescue breathing and chest compression)
Steps in Assessing Emergency Situations